FREDERICK, Md. — In a 20,000-square-foot warehouse, where visitors are required to trade in a driver’s license for a visitor’s badge, some of the nation’s secrets are torn apart, reduced to sand or demagnetized until they are forever silent.
“We make things go away,” said Arleen Chafitz, owner and CEO of e-End Secure Data Sanitization and Electronics Recycling. Her husband, Steve Chafitz, is the company’s president.
The company’s clients include the Department of Defense and other federal agencies. Its work: destroying hard drives, computers, monitors, phones and other sensitive equipment that governments and corporations don’t want in the wrong hands.
In a state that’s become a center for federal intelligence organizations and private contractors gathering top-secret information, e-End has carved out a niche by destroying the hardware on which such organizations gathered classified material.
Robert Johnson, CEO of the National Association for Information Destruction, said thousands of firms across the country destroy devices that retain data.
With high-profile information leaks from the National Security Agency and other organizations, and the steady stream of new laws and regulations to safeguard personal information, the number of companies is expected to increase.
“It is definitely a growing sector,” Johnson said.
The Chafitzes said e-End has annual revenues in excess of $1 million. The 8-year-old company employs 16 people, all of whom Steve Chafitz said have undergone thorough background checks that go back at least seven years.
Need to destroy a rugged Toughbook laptop that might have been used in war? E-End will use a high-powered magnetic process known as degaussing to erase its hard drive of any memory.
A computer monitor that might have some top-secret images left on it? Crushed and ground into recyclable glass. Laser sights for weapons? Torn into tiny shards of metal.
E-End adheres to the government’s highest demilitarization standards and NSA guidelines, Steve Chafitz said, and documents every step the data “sanitation” with photographs and paperwork.
“They’ve done work for us several times, and we’ll definitely use them again,” said Charles Garvin of the Defense Acquisition University, a Pentagon training agency.
Leaks of classified information — most notably revelations by former CIA employee and NSA contractor Edward Snowden about NSA surveillance of cellphone and Internet data — underscore the government’s interest in keeping its secrets protected.
Steve Chafitz described piles of obsolete desktop computers, floppy disks, data CDs and cellphones that may sit around the back rooms and hallways of federal agencies and contractors as “loaded guns.”
“Our job is basically to keep our nation safe,” he said. “Our goal is to get them to get all this equipment out before they have another Snowden event.”
The company has had contracts with the D.C. National Guard and said it works with the Secret Service, L-3 Communications and other corporations, the French Embassy in Washington and the Frederick County government.
“We have been pleased with the thoroughness of the work done by e-End,” said Scott Pearce, chief information security officer for the Frederick County government. “They actually shred the drives while you watch and provide a certification sheet after the process.”
E-End’s clients also include health care insurers and providers, who worry about losing patient information — and drawing investigations and fines.
Even as reports of data mismanagement or theft proliferate, agencies and corporations may not realize the danger of not disposing of their equipment properly, said Molli Wingert, CEO of Secure Data Sanitization, a 4-year-old business in Boise, Idaho.
“I think we’re still doing a lot of educating,” she said. “It’s tough because even my state groups think it’s not going to happen to us. Well, that’s a risk I’m not sure you want to take.”