• July 24, 2014

Value-added vinaigrette

Save money, boost flavor by making your own

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Posted: Sunday, September 16, 2012 4:30 am

Knowing how to make a variety of vinaigrettes is a kitchen skill every cook should have.

Why?

Because it is simple and saves money.

And vinaigrettes are not just for salad greens. You can drizzle them on fresh cooked vegetables or grilled chicken or fish.

A vinaigrette consists of three parts oil to one part vinegar (or other acid) along with salt and pepper.

Once you have that down, you can experiment with different vinegars, oils and seasonings.

Theresa Gemus, 56, of Riverview, Mich., has never been a fan of bottled vinaigrettes.

“They were either too bitter or just didn’t make the salad taste good and left a bad taste in my mouth,” she said.

So she makes her own vinaigrette — directly on the salad. She seasons first, adds vinegar and then adds the oil.

Gemus said making her own vinaigrette allows her to control the flavors.

“I can ad lib on the seasoning flavors kind of on the fly,” she said. “And depending what I am making for dinner, I can change those vinegars.”

Mary Spencer, a culinary instructor, also prefers to make her own vinaigrette because she can control the quality of the ingredients.

“It’s using good quality vinegars, some quality olive oils,” Spencer said.

To bring the dressing together, use an emulsifier such as Dijon, which “gives it a little tang,” she said.

Another tip: Spencer recommends making the vinaigrette in the bottom of the salad bowl and then adding salad greens and other ingredients and tossing them with the vinaigrette.

“You want enough vinaigrette to lightly coat the leaves,” Spencer said.

“I think when you use something that is ready-made you squirt it on and sometimes you over do it,” she added.

“Making your own just tastes so much better.”

Mix and match

Vinaigrettes are generally three parts oil to one part vinegar. So, to make about 1 cup vinaigrette you will need ¾ cup oil and ¼ cup vinegar or other acidic liquid.

Exact amounts vary from recipe to recipe; the key is to adjust ingredients to taste.

Here are some tips and a list of essential ingredients:

TIPS

  • Have all the ingredients at room temperature so vinaigrette emulsifies more easily.While whisking, drizzle the olive oil in slowly and in a steady stream. The mixture should slowly come together, emulsify and look creamy.
  • Make vinaigrettes up to three days in advance and refrigerate. When you make the salad, place the greens in a bowl and add the vinaigrette a few tablespoons at a time so it just coats the greens.

 

INGREDIENTS

  • Oil: Good quality fruity or mild olive oil, canola oil, grapeseed, nut oils such as walnut.
  • Vinegars or acids: Balsamic (white or dark), champagne, apple cider vinegar, fresh lemon or lime juice, fruit varieties (such as cranberry, pear or raspberry), orange juice, red or white wine vinegar, sherry vinegar, rice (seasoned or unseasoned) for an Asian spin, plain white vinegar.
  • Seasonings: Salt and pepper, Dijon mustard, fresh or dried herbs, minced garlic, minced ginger, honey, lemon or lime zest, chopped nuts, soy sauce (for Asian spin), minced shallots and sugar.

Tomato Caesar salad with bacon-Parmesan crisps

Preparation time: 30 minutes / Total time: 40 minutes

Ingredients

  • 2 slices cooked, crisp, thick-cut bacon
  • ½ cup plus 3 tablespoons freshly grated Parmesan cheese, divided
  • 1½ teaspoons all-purpose flour
  • 4 anchovy fillets, rinsed and minced
  • 1 small clove garlic, minced
  • 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil, plus more for drizzling
  • 1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
  • 5 medium or large heirloom tomatoes, sliced crosswise ½-inch thick
  • Sea salt and freshly ground pepper
  • Baby arugula or watercress, for topping

 

Directions

  • Preheat the oven to 375 degrees. Finely chop the cooked bacon.
  • In a small bowl, mix together the bacon, ½ cup Parmesan and flour. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Divide the bacon-cheese mixture into 4 mounds on baking sheet and flatten them into 3½-inch rounds. Bake until golden brown and the cheese melts, about 7-8 minutes. Let cool on the baking sheet 5 minutes, then transfer to a rack using a thin spatula and let cool completely.
  • To make the vinaigrette: In a small bowl, whisk the anchovies, garlic, lemon juice, olive oil, Worcestershire sauce and the remaining 3 tablespoons of cheese.
  • Arrange the tomatoes on a platter, sprinkling each layer with salt, pepper and some of the vinaigrette. Scatter the watercress on top and drizzle with olive oil. Break the crisps into bite-size pieces and add to the salad.

Serves: 6

Nutrition per serving: 130 calories (58 percent from fat), 9 grams fat (3 grams sat. fat), 8 grams carbohydrates, 7 grams protein, 532 mg sodium, 12 mg cholesterol, 2 grams fiber.

— Adapted from Food Network magazine, September 2012 issue

Basic Dijon vinaigrette

Preparation time: 10 minutes / Total time: 10 minutes

This is plenty for dressing 8 side salads.

Ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon finely minced shallots
  • ½ to 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ½ to 1 tablespoon freshly squeezed lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon red or white wine vinegar
  • 1/3 to ½ cup good quality olive oil
  • Freshly ground pepper
  • Fresh chopped herbs, if desired

 Directions

  • In a small bowl stir together the shallots, Dijon and salt. Whisk in the lemon juice and vinegar until blended. When well blended, start whisking in the oil, in a steady stream until it forms a smooth emulsion. Taste and adjust seasonings. Finish with a pinch of freshly ground black pepper and herbs, if using.

Makes: 2/3 cup, dresses 8 side salads

Nutrition per serving: 59 calories (97 percent from fat), 7 grams fat (1 gram sat. fat), 0 grams carbohydrates, 0 grams protein, 62 mg sodium, 0 mg cholesterol, 0 grams fiber.

— From and tested by Susan M. Selasky

Shaved zucchini salad with Parmesan and pine nuts

Preparation time: 15 minutes / Total time: 15 minutes

This side salad is a great way to use up zucchini.

Ingredients

  • 1/3 cup good quality olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon coarse kosher salt
  • ½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • ¼ teaspoon dried crushed red pepper
  • 2 pounds medium zucchini, trimmed
  • ½ cup coarsely chopped fresh basil
  • ¼ cup pine nuts or blanched almonds, toasted
  • Small wedge of Parmesan cheese

Directions

  • In a small bowl, whisk oil, lemon juice, salt, black pepper and crushed red pepper. Set dressing aside.
  • Using vegetable peeler or V-slicer and working from top to bottom of each zucchini, slice zucchini into ribbons (about 1/16-inch thick). Place ribbons in large bowl. Add basil and nuts, then dressing; toss to coat. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Plate salad on individual plates. Using vegetable peeler, shave strips from Parmesan wedge over salad.

Serves: 6

Nutrition per serving: 187 calories (84 percent from fat), 18 grams fat (2.5 grams sat. fat), 6 grams carbohydrates, 4 grams protein, 247 mg sodium, 2 mg cholesterol, 2 grams fiber.

— From www.bonappetit.com

50 shades of green salad

Preparation time: 15 minutes / Total time: 15 minutes

Ingredients

VINAIGRETTE

  • 3 tablespoons good quality olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon plus 1 teaspoon fresh lime juice
  • 2 teaspoons honey
  • Big pinch of kosher salt
  • Freshly ground black pepper

SALAD

  • 1 large head Boston lettuce, largest outer leaves and damaged leaves removed; remainder washed, dried and torn into bite-size pieces
  • ¾ cup loosely packed mix of fresh flat and curly parsley leaves
  • 1 small bunch frisée, torn into pieces
  • 1 cup arugula leaves
  • 2 to 3 green onions, thinly sliced on the diagonal
  • 1 small ripe but firm avocado

Directions

  • In a small bowl, combine all the vinaigrette ingredients and whisk until thoroughly emulsified.
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the lettuce, parsley, frisée, arugula and green onions. Drizzle with about 2 tablespoons of the vinaigrette. Evenly divide the salad greens onto four salad plates.
  • Cut the avocado in half and remove the pit. Scoop out the flesh in one piece. Slice each half crosswise in thin half-moons. Drizzle the avocado with a bit of the vinaigrette and then arrange several slices on each salad. Add another drizzling of vinaigrette, if desired, over each salad.

Serves: 4 (generously)

Nutrition per serving: 200 calories (77 percent from fat), 17 grams fat (3 grams sat. fat), 12 grams carbohydrates, 4 grams protein, 130 mg sodium, 0 mg cholesterol, 8 grams fiber.

— Adapted from Fine Cooking magazine 2005

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