Tribune News Service

News Budget for Saturday, May 11, 2019


Updated at 8 p.m. EDT (0000 UTC).




Additional news stories appear on the MCT-NEWSFEATURES-BJT.

This budget is now available at TribuneNewsService.com, with direct links to stories and art. See details at the end of the budget.


^China names its trade-deal price as Trump sets month deadline<

USCHINA-TRADE:BLO — China for the first time made clear what it wants to see from the U.S. in talks to end their trade war, laying bare the deep differences that still exist between the two sides.

In a wide-ranging interview with Chinese media after talks in Washington ended Friday, Vice Premier Liu He said that in order to reach an agreement the U.S. must remove all extra tariffs, set targets for Chinese purchases of goods in line with real demand, and ensure that the text of the deal is "balanced" to ensure the "dignity" of both nations.

1100 by Shawn Donnan, Yinan Zhao and Miao Han in Washington. MOVED


^Stricter abortion bans are conservative-led states' strategy to overturn Roe v. Wade<

ABORTION:LA — For years, conservative states have passed a raft of laws that restrict women's access to abortion. Now they are experimenting with outright bans.

1100 by Jenny Jarvie in Atlanta.

Moving later

^Venezuelan opposition leader seeks contact with US military<

VENEZUELA:BLO — Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido told an emissary to meet with U.S. military officials in a bid to establish "direct" cooperation, a signal he's warming to the idea of intervention by force after months of failed attempts to topple President Nicolas Maduro.

Guaido told supporters during a rally in Caracas on Saturday that he's sending his envoy in Washington, Carlos Vecchio, to meet immediately with Florida-based Southern Command, which oversees U.S. military activity in Latin America and the Caribbean, "to be able to establish a direct and far-reaching relationship in terms of cooperation."

450 by Ezra Fieser and Andrew Rosati in Caracas, Venezuela. MOVED



^Trump moving forward with revamped July 4th celebration <

TRUMP-JULY4:BLO — President Donald Trump is going full steam ahead on a plan to revamp the traditional Fourth of July celebration in Washington into a more partisan, Trump-focused event, according to The Washington Post.

The newspaper, citing administration officials including Interior Secretary David Bernhardt, reported Friday that Trump wants to move the fireworks event from its current location on the National Mall and intends to address the nation from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

400 by Ros Krasny in Washington. MOVED


^One of Facebook's founders warns of Zuckerberg's 'near-unilateral power'<

FACEBOOK-HUGHES:BLO — Days after calling on the U.S. government to break up Facebook Inc., one of the company's co-founders amplified his concerns over the level of Mark Zuckerberg's sway across the social media empire and its billions of users.

"Zuckerberg has too much power — near-unilateral power," Chris Hughes, 35, who started Facebook with Zuckerberg when they were students at Harvard University, said in an interview to air Sunday on CNN's "Fareed Zakaria GPS."

400 by Ben Bain in Washington. MOVED


^Facebook's Clegg pushes back against co-founder Hughes' call for a breakup<

FACEBOOK-SPLIT:BLO — Facebook's challenges can be tackled through regulation, not by breaking up the company, a company official wrote Saturday in The New York Times.

"While we operate under more regulation now than at any point in the history of the company, we believe more should be done," said Nick Clegg, the social media giant's vice president of global affairs and communications.

300 by Maria Jose Valero in New York. (Moved as a business story.) MOVED


^Trump compared Buttigieg to Alfred E. Neuman. The 37-year-old mayor 'didn't get the reference'<

BUTTIGIEG-TRUMP:BLO — President Donald Trump loves to dole out nicknames to his political rivals — and they almost always carry an edge of cruelty.

That was certainly the intention when the 72-year-old president compared Democrat Pete Buttigieg to Alfred E. Neuman in an interview with Politico.

To those of a certain age, Alfred E. Neuman was the geeky, gap-toothed, smiling face of subversion featured in Mad Magazine. To those not of that vintage, he might as well be Charles Bukowski.

250 by Ian Fisher. MOVED



^Democratic hopefuls vow to plow past gridlocked Congress to keep promises<

DEMOCRATS-2020-PROMISES:BLO — Many of the Democrats running for president are vowing to use executive action to deliver on campaign promises from gun control to raising the minimum wage, breaking with a tradition of paying lip-service to bipartisanship on the stump.

Commitments to unilateral action have become a go-to campaign tool this year in response to a political landscape where congressional gridlock and GOP threats to thwart Democratic proposals have all but ended any hope of bipartisan cooperation on contentious issues.

Although presidents have routinely relied on executive authority to advance policy goals once in office, the emphasis at this early stage of the campaign "is new and it reflects the changed context of American politics," said William Galston, a senior fellow in governance studies at the nonpartisan Brookings Institution. The promises, he said, are "intended to signal the unswerving determination to get the job done one way or another."

850 by Sahil Kapur in Washington. MOVED



^4 smiling teachers posed with a noose. Now they're on leave, along with the principal<

TEACHERS-NOOSE:LA — Four teachers and a principal have been placed on leave after a photo of the educators posing with what appears to be a noose circulated on email and social media.

The circumstances around the origin of the noose at Summerwind Elementary School in Palmdale, Calif., and the response afterward are under investigation.

300 by Colleen Shalby in Los Angeles. MOVED


^Alyssa Milano calls for sex strike to protest anti-abortion bill: 'There are lots of alternatives to cis men'<

^MILANO-SEXSTRIKE:NY—<Alyssa is the boss.

The activist, fashion icon and "Who's the Boss" star Alyssa Milano wants to remind the world that she is her own boss. And also that all women should be the sole boss of their own bodies.

To protest Georgia's so-called heartbeat bill, one of the country's most restrictive abortion laws that was signed into law by Gov. Brian Kemp, the 46-year-old actress has opted for a non-traditional approach: a sex strike.

300 by Muri Assun o. MOVED


^Husband of killer clown suspect: Cops 'had nothing before, they have nothing now'<

FLA-KILLERCLOWN:FL — After 29 years of hearing blame for his wife's murder by someone in a clown costume, Michael Warren is seething.

He recently spoke to the South Florida Sun Sentinel for close to an hour, insisting both he and his current wife, Sheila, are innocent of the slaying of Marlene Warren inside a Wellington estate.

Michael Warren — in his first extensive interview since Sheila was arrested in 2017 based on new DNA evidence — said he's angry investigators more recently explored allegations he's also responsible for the killing.

1550 by Marc Freeman in Palm Beach County, Fla. MOVED


^Gunman suspected of firing at Chicago police, sparking shootout, dies<

CHICAGO-SHOOTOUT:TB — A man suspected of firing a gun at police has died after officers shot him on the West Side on Saturday afternoon in Chicago's Lawndale neighborhood.

The 30-year-old man was taken to Mount Sinai Hospital, where he was pronounced dead, officials said.

200 by Madeline Buckley and Rosemary Sobol in Chicago. MOVED


^Study finds record wage gap between teachers and other college grads<

^TEACHERS-WAGES:AT—<The Economic Policy Institute issued a recent analysis that found teachers were paid 21.4% less in 2018 in weekly wages than similar college graduates after accounting for education, experience, and other factors.

A nonpartisan think tank, EPI describes the percent by which public school teachers are paid less than other college-educated workers as the "teacher wage and compensation penalty." The report said the penalty reached a record high in 2018.

550 by Maureen Downey. MOVED


^Parkland victim Alex Schachter's musical spirit lives on as 50 kids get trombones in his name<

PARKLAND-SCHACHTER:FL — Marjory Stoneman Douglas shooting victim Alex Schachter may be gone but his musical spirit will live on through the talents of 50 band students from 50 South Florida schools who received $50,000 worth of specially designed Alex Tribute Trombones on Saturday.

"I'm blown away," said father Max Schachter at the ceremony. "To see Alex affecting all of these kids (with) his love of music expanding all across the state it's unbelievable."

400 by Wayne K. Roustan in Tamarac, Fla. MOVED


^They call it a 'bat apocalypse.' The fungus causing it is spreading across Texas<

ENV-BATS-FUNGUS:FT — The fungus that kills bats showed up in Texas only two years ago, but now it is marching across the state

So far, no cases of white-nose syndrome have been discovered in Texas.

But it usually takes two to four years before the fungus starts causing white-nose syndrome, said Jonah Evans, a Texas Parks and Wildlife mammalogist.

Texas Parks and Wildlife announced this week that the fungus was found in 22 sites in 16 counties in 2019.

450 by Bill Hanna in Fort Worth, Texas. MOVED



^Gunmen, security guard dead after Pakistan forces end hotel attack<

PAKISTAN-ATTACK:DPA — An hourslong gun battle between Pakistani security forces and gunmen who stormed a luxury hotel in the port of city of Gwadar has ended, with all the perpetrators killed, an official said late Saturday.

One security guard was killed in the attack on the five-star Pearl Continental hotel in Gwadar, a port city on the Arabian Sea in the state of Balochistan that is being used as part of a Chinese trade route to the Middle East and Europe.

350 by Zia Khan in Islamabad. MOVED


^South Africa's ANC will maintain a strong majority in government<

SAFRICA-ELECTION:DPA — For the sixth time in a row since the end of apartheid, the party of the late Nelson Mandela will form the majority in South Africa's parliament, the electoral commission chairman said on Saturday.

In a formal ceremony in Pretoria, South Africa's Independent Electoral Commission announced the official results of the May 8 election. In the televised ceremony, the commission also declared the election was free and fair.

600 in Johannesburg. MOVED


^Polish far-right protests against Jewish property restitution<

POLAND-MARCH:BLO — Thousands of Polish nationalists marched in Warsaw on Saturday, demanding that Poland pay no compensation to Jews or other people whose properties were confiscated by the Nazis during World War II and later by the Communists.

Poland is the only ex-communist nation without comprehensive legislation addressing claims for property nationalized last century. The World Jewish Restitution Organization has repeatedly called on the country to address property claims by U.S.-citizen Holocaust survivors and their families, and the U.S. Congress last year obliged the State Department to monitor progress in restitution laws in countries such as Poland.

450 by Marek Strzelecki and Konrad Krasuski in Warsaw, Poland. MOVED


^Japan's top choice to be next leader says country needs big changes fast<

JAPAN-KOIZUMI:BLO — The Japanese public's top pick to become the next prime minister says the country's not ready for the scale of change he thinks it needs.

Shinjiro Koizumi, the 38-year-old son of popular former premier Junichiro Koizumi, consistently leads polls asking who should succeed long-serving Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. As the most prominent member of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's new guard, he wants quick reforms to manage the country's rapidly aging population.

800 by Isabel Reynolds and Emi Nobuhiro in Tokyo. MOVED



^Highly endangered Florida grasshopper sparrows reared in captivity are released<

ENV-FLA-SPARROW:OS — Three of the rarest birds in Florida took an extraordinary adventure this week, slipping out of a large pen into the freedom of an expansive, treeless prairie south of Orlando.

The year-old Florida grasshopper sparrows were hatched and raised in captivity, and designated as pioneers in a perilous bid to save their kind from oblivion.

900 (with trims) by Kevin Spear in Orlando, Fla. MOVED



^How today's political polarization has fueled the measles outbreak<

MED-VACCINE-RESISTANCE:LA — Vaccine resistance in America has frequently coincided with periods of great angst and resentment toward a government that seems bent on micromanaging citizens' lives. As the country faces the largest outbreak of measles since the disease was deemed eliminated in 2000, epidemiologists and medical ethicists say they are not surprised to see an us-versus-them mentality fueling the rise of vaccine opponents once again.

"This is a broader symptom of distrusting our institutions," said Richard Carpiano, a medical sociologist at the University of California, Riverside.

Those who object to the measles vaccine aren't just questioning the safety of the shot. They're challenging the state's authority to require it.

"It's no longer a lack of trust in the vaccine, but the vaccinator," Nicholas Evans, a bioethicist at University of Massachusetts Lowell.

1500 by Emily Baumgaertner. MOVED


^The extraordinary battle over an aging Hollywood titan's care<

SEMEL-ALZHEIMERS:LA — Last May, Eric Semel, the eldest child and only son of former Warner Bros. chief Terry Semel, filed a petition in Los Angeles County Superior Court to appoint a temporary conservator for his father. Semel had been a lion of Hollywood during his heyday, winning admiration for the way he revolutionized the movie business during two decades at the top — and for the finesse with which he'd conducted himself while doing so. But by last year Semel, then 75 and suffering the ravages of Alzheimer's, had for some time been unable to manage his personal or financial affairs.

Two years earlier, Semel's wife, Jane, had put him in a nursing facility. Now Eric was claiming that his stepmother "was in serious breach of her fiduciary duties" and "causing serious harm to Terry's health and safety, potentially rising to elder abuse and neglect."

Eric Semel's extraordinary campaign to revoke his stepmother's authority over his father's care set off a divisive family crisis while opening a window into Terry Semel's well-being and treatment, which had been the subject of long-running speculation among friends and associates.

3200 by Stacy Perman in Los Angeles. MOVED


^A boat crushed his face, then plastic surgeons hit him with $167,000 in bills<

^MEDICALBILLS-PLASTICSURGEONS:KHN—<Bob Ensor didn't see the boom swinging violently toward him as he cleaned a sailboat in dry dock on a spring day two years ago. But he heard the crack as it hit him in the face.

He was transported by ambulance to an in-network hospital near his home in Middletown, N.J., where initial X-rays showed his nose was broken as were several bones of his left eye socket. The emergency physician summoned the on-call plastic surgeon, who admitted him to the hospital and scheduled him for surgery the next day.

Shortly before surgery, the doctor introduced Ensor to a second plastic surgeon who would assist in the 90-minute procedure.

Six weeks later, as Ensor recovered, a collection agency called to inquire how he and his wife planned to pay the $71,729 bill for the assistant surgeon. Ensor's company health plan had denied payment because the surgeon wasn't part of its contracted physician network.

There was more bad news. Ensor received notice that the health plan wouldn't cover the $95,885 charged by the first plastic surgeon either because he also was out-of-network.

1450 (with trims) by Michelle Andrews. MOVED


^First US supervised-injection site? Scientists say it's operating secretly, somewhere<

INJECTION-SITE:PHI — Even as advocates in U.S. cities have struggled to open supervised-injection sites to help stop fatal overdoses, a clandestine site has been operating somewhere in the country since 2014.

Researchers studying the site, where people can inject drugs and be revived if they overdose, recently released data collected there since its opening. Clients can visit the site only by invitation.

The site supervised 9,085 injections by 540 people between September 2014 and April 2019, and staffers there reversed 26 overdoses.

700 by Aubrey Whelan in Philadelphia. MOVED


^Effects of surgery on a warming planet: Can anesthesia go green?<

ENV-ANESTHESIA-CLIMATE:KHN — It was early morning in an operating theater at Providence Hospital in Portland, Ore. A middle-aged woman lay on the operating table, wrapped in blankets. Surgeons were about to cut out a cancerous growth in her stomach.

But first, an anesthesiologist — Dr. Brian Chesebro — put her under by placing a mask over her face.

"Now I'm breathing for her with this mask," he said. "And I'm delivering sevoflurane to her through this breathing circuit."

Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used anesthesiology gases. The other big one is desflurane. There are others too, like nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas.

Whichever gas a patient gets is inhaled, but only about 5% is metabolized. The rest is exhaled. And to make sure the gas doesn't knock out anyone else in the operating room, it's sucked into a ventilation system.

And then? It's vented up and out through the roof, to mingle with other greenhouse gases.

1200 by Kristian Foden-Vencil in Portland, Ore. MOVED


^The race is on to cultivate a seaweed that slashes greenhouse emission from cows, other livestock<

ENV-LIVESTOCK-EMISSIONS:SD — Those concerned with climate change may soon feel less compunction about biting into a cheeseburger.

Researchers have recently discovered that feeding cattle and other livestock a specific type of seaweed — known as Asparagopsis taxiformis — can dramatically reduce the massive amount of planet-warming methane such farm animals burp and fart into the atmosphere.

Scientists from San Diego to Vietnam to Australia are now working overtime to figure out how to best cultivate the underwater plant — which a growing number of private aquaculture companies are seeing as a potential cash cow.

1400 (with trims) by Joshua Emerson Smith in San Diego. MOVED




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