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Forecast shows looming $27.6 million shortfall in Killeen operational fund

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After a long year for Killeen officials, city staff presented a balanced annual budget before the Killeen City Council on Tuesday — a victory after a preliminary $8 million shortfall in 2016 cast doubt on the city’s ability to effectively manage public money.

But in what should have been a triumphant moment, warning signs abounded in the preliminary budget presentation from City Manager Ron Olson, who was hired in February to provide direction to a rudderless administration that had run through three managers in the span of a year.

The focal point of Olson’s concern: future revenue.

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City Manager Ron Olson

City Manager Ron Olson speaks to the Killeen City Council members during a meeting about the city budget.

Alongside a potential $40 million gap in deferred maintenance needs for city infrastructure immediately, a graph in Olson’s presentation showed a 20-year financial forecast with expenditures outpacing revenues in the general — or operational — fund by $27.6 million in 2037.

But the problems won’t just come far down the road; the general fund is expected to operate at a loss every year into the future. By 2021, the city projects a $4.1 million gap in the general fund that has no clear funding mechanism.

While Olson proposed a few clever budget tricks in the interim to counteract that looming gap — including deferring some property tax revenue toward future capital improvement projects — council members were shocked by the city’s financial future, particularly when higher property taxes and new fees remain a nonstarter for the council.

“If it’s not taxes, where is the money going to come from?” Councilman Jonathan Okray said. “Outside of impact fees and transportation utility fees, I don’t know where it’s going to come from.”

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Councilman Jonathan Okray

Councilman Jonathan Okray

There is no easy answer to that question, but Olson committed himself in the interim to making needed cuts throughout his administration, including the loss of 50 full-time equivalent positions and doing more with less throughout the city.

RIGHTING THE SHIP

The centerpiece of Olson’s presentation was a balanced budget that does not rely on any new taxes or fees from Killeen residents.

That’s the good news.

The bad news is the city’s general fund, which covers the city administration and public safety departments and is primarily supported by property tax revenue, is in dire straits as property tax exemptions continue to cripple its growth.

“Our cost of doing business and the exemptions are outpacing the money coming in,” Olson said. “We’re not keeping up.”

The city is expecting to lose about $4.4 million in property tax revenue in fiscal year 2018 tied to state-mandated disabled veteran exemptions that disproportionately affect Killeen and communities surrounding Fort Hood.

Killeen is one of only four taxing entities that receive reimbursement from the state for honoring the exemptions. The payment from the state was $800,000 in fiscal year 2017 but will increase after the Texas Legislature allocated more funds to reimbursing affected cities for the next biennium.

With property tax revenue tight, Olson also proposed splitting the city’s tax rate to place 2.75 cents per $100 of taxable value assessed into a capital improvements fund that will pay for one-off expenditures on city infrastructure.

When asked whether the fund could be used to pay for existing maintenance needs, Olson said it would only be used for new development, and the new funds would be “a drop in the bucket” of Killeen’s infrastructure demands.

The city proposed keeping the same tax rate as last year — 74.98 cents per $100 of taxable value assessed.

Because of the growing exemption numbers, which could grow larger if the state passes exemptions for Purple Heart Medal recipients and first responders during its current legislative special session or at a future regular session, the cost of service for the city’s growing population will far exceed the revenue coming in from taxes.

That leaves the city on the hook to identify new revenue sources soon.

City staff is currently going through the implementation process for developer impact fees, which add a surcharge to permit fees to help fund new infrastructure impacted by the development. However, by state law, the fees cannot be used for infrastructure maintenance.

TRIMMING DEPARTMENTS

The most notable cuts in the budget include the elimination of 50 positions, including the cutting of 25 positions in the police department and nine in the Community Development Department, which operates federal grant money, custodial services and the Killeen Arts and Activities Center.

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KPD new officers

Nine cadets were sworn in at KPD Headquarters to become Killeen Police Officers on Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2016.

In the city manager’s department, the deputy city manager position held by former interim City Manager Ann Farris will remain funded until Jan. 31, when Farris is scheduled to retire.

Farris was the city’s interim head when a proposed $8 million shortfall in the 2017 budget caused the council to go on a months-long slashing spree and management overhaul that led to Farris’ demotion from the job in October.

Assistant City Manager Dennis Baldwin, the former chief of police and previous interim city manager, will also stay on with the city through fiscal year 2018. Baldwin’s position was originally funded through July 31 following Olson’s hiring.

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Dennis Baldwin

Dennis Baldwin

Director of Communications Hilary Shine said Olson asked Baldwin around June to stay on with the city in a subordinate role.

Leslie Hinkle’s Community Development Department will lose two vacant custodial positions and two library positions of which one is filled and is being tasked with routine maintenance at the KAAC building.

Olson said Community Development is “at rock bottom” in terms of revenue allocation and recommended the council not look to that department for future cuts.

PUBLIC SAFETY CUTS

The largest of the general fund cuts — including a paring down of the police department’s officer vacancies and continued overtime reduction in the fire department — will go up for council discussion Tuesday.

The percentage of the general fund devoted to police and fire, bucking a 10-year trend, has been slightly reduced from fiscal year 2017 despite Olson’s commitment to fund public safety salary “step” increases — which were nearly cut during the previous council’s budget deliberations in 2016.

Police and fire comprised 65 percent of the general fund’s expenditures in the 2016-2017 budget but will only command 60 percent this year.

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Killeen police headquarters

A police vehicle is parked outside of the Killeen Police Department's headquarters Monday, Feb. 9, 2015. 

The majority of the proposed year-over-year expenditure cuts — nearly $2 million — will come from the fire department, where Olson proposed keeping the controversial “tiered overtime reduction” plan for firefighters that drew residents’ ire after certain ambulances and engines were periodically taken offline earlier this year to control overtime.

The proposed budget continues that trend, with about $390,000 worth of overtime hours being sliced away from the current fiscal year’s operations figure.

However, the most controversial tier of the plan — the reduction of two EMS personnel on the Medic 22 ambulance — was removed after the ambulance was permanently put in reserve in April.

According to the budget presentation, the plan will save up to 96 hours of overtime per calendar day.

Despite limiting overtime, the fire department’s staffing will remain intact with zero proposed position cuts.

As part of its decision package process, the fire department asked for more $1.2 million in expenditures to be added into the new budget, which Olson disapproved.

Those desired expenditures included replacing a fire engine at a cost of $945,000, bringing fire department radios into Project 25 compliance, conducting a fire suppression rating study and undergoing an emergency master plan study.

In the police department, Olson proposed the largest personnel cuts — a whopping 23 positions, all of which are currently vacant. Animal services will have an additional two positions cut, which are both vacant.

Despite cutting the positions, personnel expenditures — not including animal services — will increase by about $600,000 after the 8 percent “step” increases are factored into salaries.

According to the presentation, overtime for police officers will also be cut, but it is unclear by how much. The city is expected to provide further details Tuesday.

REMAINING QUESTIONS

On Tuesday, the council will be briefed on the remainder of the general fund budget, as well as the solid waste and water-sewer departments. Other funds, including drainage, internal service, aviation, and capital improvements, will be discussed Aug. 15.

The future of some of those departments remains perilous.

A privatization of the city’s solid waste enterprise, a focal point of the council’s scrutiny last fall, is still being considered internally after the council gave Olson a six-month window in March to identify efficiencies within the department’s operations to potentially avoid outsourcing.

On Tuesday, Olson said he was nearly ready to present his staff’s opinion, which could come as early as Oct. 1.

Meanwhile, Olson highlighted the declining health of the Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport, which he said was in the process of “bleeding itself dry.”

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Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport 2

An American Eagle flight is prepared for passengers at the Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport Tuesday at 8101 S. Clear Creek Road in Killeen. Passenger boarding at the Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport in Killeen last year was down nine percent year-over-year, data show. It was the lowest air ridership and passenger activity in more than a decade, and total passengers have been on the decline yearly since 2013.

According to a Feb. 18 Herald report, passenger boarding at KFHRA in 2016 was down 9 percent year-over-year — the lowest air ridership and passenger activity in more than a decade.

In a mid-fiscal year review provided by Finance Director Jonathan Locke in April, KFHRA was expected to lose more than $265,000 from its reserve fund by the end of fiscal year 2017 — an account that is already $33,000 in the red.

To counteract that downward spiral, the council would be forced to address a number of issues at the airport, Olson said, before the entire aviation reserve fund, which includes KFHRA and Skylark Field, hits zero.

One issue Olson proposed would be a complete restructuring of the KFHRA parking policy, in which at least 50-percent disabled veterans, Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, former prisoners of war, Pearl Harbor survivors and Purple Heart recipients are offered free parking.

The total aviation fund is expected to hit $318,230 by fiscal year’s end — or just 9.76 percent of the total enterprise’s yearly expenditures.

Editor's note: A previous version of this story said veterans were offered free parking at the Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport. Complimentary parking is offered to motorists displaying tags as at least 50-percent disabled veterans, Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, former prisoners of war, Pearl Harbor survivors or Purple Heart recipients.

kyleb@kdhnews.com | 254-501-7567

(26) comments

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

Again to followup on this article about 'The necessary funding for Killeen to continue to function as a city, I present the following:

A Yes or No vote; August 12, 2017 @ 0745.

Yes: 13,0 Plus 4.0 = 17.9 percent

No: 47.0 Plus 24.6 – 71.6 percentage

Unsure: 10.5

Total = 100 percent.

This article has been running for nigh onto a week with little fluctuations, but seems to be tracking at close to over a 3 – 1 margin 'TO SHUTDOWN OR STOP THIS MASSIVE GIVE AWAY OF THE CITIZENS MONEY TO CONTRACTORS, BUILDERS, AND BUSINESSMEN WHO ARE IN LINE TO BENEFIT'.

Nothing can be more promising than a cessation of 'giveaway's'.

I urge this council to vote for an immediate call for the advancement of talks that would be the preclude to 'just what the council gave to the mayor and city manager when they voted to 'give the then city manager permission to offer to give away $5 million dollars of this city's hard earned money, called earnest money, and allow the advancement of another $24 million in bond, which has since been elevated, and allow the city water and sewage treatment from a stillhouse lake for the advancement of a 3,750 home plan that is 'outside of the Killeen boundary area'.

We, the city of Killeen, are the major supplier of this money even tho we will not be the ones who will reap anything from this source of revenue.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

The most recent tabulation:

Compiled at 2100:
Yes: 13.9, 4.0- 17.9
No : 46.7, 24.7 – 71,4
Unsure: 1. 10.7 – 10.7
Total: 100 Percent

This vote on either a yes vote to increase the burden of this city by a whopping margin of an additional $27.6 million dollars or 'send this vote down to defeat by a margin of 17.9 to 71.4 or a nearly 3 to 1 margin.

Yes I think that this is clearly 'a vote of the people' and should be defeated.

This city has enough bond issues, almost $270 Million dollars worth as I remember, so we sure do not need to be increasing this burden.

I sure hope that this city has the where-with-all to get this study on the books.

E was sure sorry to see that this audit measure was passed. I believe that this is one audit that they should have not passed as it will do nothing but limit the effectiveness of the current audit is going have.

So I hope that this vote by the citizens will have the desired effect and pass this request for a study by councilman Steve Harris. We should be working at defeating everything that is pertaining to this bond structure. We certainly don' need another $30 million dollar bond structure that is expected to raise the ceiling to a whopping $70 million, or greater.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer

I think I had better reintroduce the question of the week:

Copy: Would you support raising Killeen's property tax rate to fund necessary programs, services and infrastructure?

The answers and results are listed below:

1. Yes. As long as the increase is small and expenses are trimmed as much as possible.
2. Yes. If the increase will prevent future hikes in taxes and fees, it would be acceptable.
3. No. The city’s taxpayers are already overburdened. Don’t raise the tax rate.
4. No. Killeen needs to look into developer impact fees to increase revenue.
5. Unsure. It’s hard to say, without knowing all the city budget details.
The results are complied below:
The summation of these results are: (1) plus (2) – 18.2, (3) plus (4): 72.5, and (5): 9.3: 100.0 percent. These totals are from the tabulations of 0700, Aug. 11, 2017 and to my eye clearly denote an 'unwise' expenditure of money by the Killeen city council, 'Do not spend the indebtedness of $27.3 million dollars that will be necessary if this council goes ahead.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer,This is the tally at 21.45 hours on Aug 10, 2017. The results indicate the the 'Yes' votes hold a 18.6 percent, the 'No have risen to about .05, and is about 72.010 of the total count, and the 'unsure' has about a 9.3 percent of the votes, The rise continues and the results continue to denote a raising of the no vote.

@eyewatchingu: I appreciate the amount of work that must have putting in on this subject. But I', afraid that I have no use for this type of literature.

My interest lies in understanding what the originators said, and the fact that our Constitution used the words that describe our culture and dogma, thus our forefathers were in fact Christians and believed in Christianity.

Down thru the ages, the ages it was in consistent belief that our culture strove to accept her English language as the one language of this country and immigrants strove to accept the English language as their own. It was nt until after WWII did we have a big influx of Brides from other country's. It was not until 1960 that we started to have a rush of illegal immigrants, those that choosing their own language as their own and boy has it materialized. And with the advent of the past 15 to20 years has there been a great influx of refugees. And it is tearing this Nation apart, speaking a multitude of different languages, using a particular cultural, and in general, opening up to a different cultural aspect. We are no longer the United States, operating on an English language basis, but ne that has many different language basis and even wants to start (demanding) that we 'cater to their cultural basis. Thus 'we are no longer one country, but many different and isolated countries'. We have to 'get our country back' if we ever expect to be the great nation we were once.
But I do expect that we stop using the phraseology 'African Americans' as to use this phrase, it places American in the second tier tight behind the term 'African'. I don't believe there was an African born onto 'Africa' that is alive today. I don't expect that there are any that can speak their home nationality dialect, but you can speak English. You are an American.

That is the same as the misnomer, 'Muslim Americans'.. You are either a refugee who is in the United States or you are an American. I don't want you trying to subjugate the American people by dressing as a Muslim, nor trying to subjugate our dress code, our language, the places where we can go in this country of ours. This is our country, not yours. This is the United States.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted

eyewatchingu

@Alvin here is the next piece of the puzzle, and also another large clue to the pattern http://kfdm.com/news/local/silsbee-police-chief-resigns-after-4-months-takes-job-in-central-texas Wednesday, May 10th 2017
SILSBEE — After about four months on the job, Silsbee Police Chief Waylan Rhodes announced his resignation and has been selected as the new police chief in the city of Cameron.
Rhodes was selected and approved by Cameron's city council Monday, according to the Temple Daily Telegram.

Silsbee City Manager DeeAnn Zimmerman tells 6 News that Rhodes notified her Tuesday of his resignation. She says Rhodes told her he took the job to be closer to family in Central Texas.
Zimmerman says Rhodes' last day as the Silsbee PD chief is May 23.
The Telegram reports Rhodes begins his job in Cameron May 31.
Rhodes in January replaced former chief Mark Davis, who was elected Hardin County Sheriff last November.
Silsbee is now looking for its third police chief in the last six months.
Todays story on channel 10 http://www.kwtx.com/content/news/Cameron-Police-chief-pick-backs-out-439766253.html
Posted: Thu 9:12 PM, Aug 10, 2017
CAMERON, Tex. (KBTX)- The City of Cameron remains without a chief of police after a man accepts, then declines the position.
Per the recommendation of City Manager Rhett Parker, during a special meeting on May 8, the city council decided to hire Waylon Rhodes to takeover as police chief.
Parker said Rhodes had accepted the position and was supposed to begin a couple of weeks later.
However, Rhodes, the current Chief of Silsbee, Texas, did not end up taking the job.
It's unclear why.
In February, the council voted unanimously to terminate Chief Randy Dixon without explanation.
Dixon had been Cameron's Chief since 2011.
Read the original version of this article at www.kbtx.com.

@Alvin and any one that actually cares, this pattern is all over the our country. The same thing over and over again. Once they have deplelted a cities coffers, then these orgs, use the city to spring board the career of the next person inline, and then they all get to go and move out of the city, leaveing the city bankrupt like many cities along army bases, and and low income cities. They not only drian the working class of the monies, they use the monies from good faithful people that in hopes of a better life, give every last dime. Only to be left broke and penniless, when the group moves on to another city.

eyewatchingu

See they need to move this mayor around because he wants to run for senate, the chief of police Kimble is his back uphttp://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/politics-government/election/article61531607.html Small-town mayor to U.S. senator is a challenging political jump, but Spring Lake Mayor Chris Rey says his work turning around a scandal-ridden Fayetteville suburb is solid experience for Congress.
“Our location gives me a unique perspective in what’s happening in the world,” Rey said. “You’ve got the immigration issues; you’ve got the military issues.”
Rey is the youngest of four candidates for the Democratic nomination for Senate from North Carolina, but he brings a diverse resume to the race: He runs a nonprofit that helps people access health care. He has a law degree. He earned a Bronze Star serving in the Army in Iraq and Afghanistan, and he continues to serve in the National Guard.
His supporters, he said, “see me being able to tap into a different generation of folks.”

Rey’s campaign is largely focused on poverty issues: access to jobs, health care, education and higher wages.

“It’s just that the opportunities aren’t there,” he said. “I believe that if you’re able to pull a man or a woman out of poverty, you’re able to pull their family out of poverty within the next one to two generations.”
[Deborah Ross runs for Senate on ‘economic security’]
[Kevin Griffin sees political novelty as an asset]
[Ernest Reeves wants FDR-style public works program]
Rey wants to raise the federal minimum wage to “at least” $15 an hour. He says large corporations are taking advantage of public infrastructure and are raking in huge profits while employing fewer people than ever.
It’s a message that mirrors the presidential campaign of Sen. Bernie Sanders from Vermont. And while Rey said he’d back proposals floated by each of the two main Democratic presidential candidates, he praises Sanders for “putting his big ideas out there.” Rey has even used the slogan #FeelTheReyBern on Twitter.
Rey says the Affordable Care Act needs to be revised through “incremental steps” and access to health care should be expanded. “I would like to move to a point where we have health care for every single person in America,” he said.
Rey’s campaign offers fewer specific proposals than some of his opponents, and he says he’s trying to avoid making promises that could prove difficult to deliver in a fractured Senate.
“A lot of folks get out there and make a lot of these grand ideas,” he said. “I recognize that all this stuff has to be paid for. I can’t say at this very moment what I’m going to cut and not cut.”
As he travels the state, Rey talks about his accomplishments as mayor of Spring Lake, where he defeated a 30-year incumbent in 2011 in the wake of a police scandal. The town’s police department had been taken over by the county sheriff after two sergeants were charged with fabricating reports and other crimes.
“Our infrastructure was crumbling, and there wasn’t a lot of energy or excitement in our community,” Rey said.
Since he took office, Rey says, the police department is now “one of the best in the state,” the town has put $10 million into infrastructure projects, and 100 new businesses have opened. “There’s just a different energy in our community now,” he added.

eyewatchingu

@Alvin and @the city of Killeen I will bet that with in 2 mayor elections you will see this name pop up. He will be put on the ballot either this Mayor election or the next. I hope you are seeing the pattern @Alvin. http://www.wral.com/spring-lake-mayor-will-not-seek-re-election/16810624/ Spring Lake mayor will not seek re-election
Posted July 10


11 Reactions

Spring Lake, N.C. — Mayor Chris V. Rey announced on Sunday that he will not seek re-election.

Rey has served as Spring Lake's mayor since 2011. At the age of 34, he is the youngest mayor elected in the town's history.

The mayor has called Spring Lake, the third largest municipality in Cumberland County, his home since childhood. As mayor, Rey worked to improve various public services and develop affordable housing units. During his tenure, Rey fought to save the town's industrial park and lead the town's efforts to invest in over $10 million into infrastructure products.

"It has been my great honor to serve as the thirteenth mayor of the place I have called and will always call home," said Rey. "Few people are afforded the opportunity to work every day with their neighbors to make their town a better place."

Rey announced on Sunday his plans to join the National Guard.

"In the coming months, the demands of my new assignment will increase and leave me less time to give the mayor's office the dedication that it so justly deserves," said Rey. "With new pressures developing in cyber threats to our nation, I want to take my place in safeguarding all the principles, ideas, people and places I hold dear. A safe American ensures a safe Spring Lake."

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

A further vote of the citizens of this city now at 1830 hours, on Aug. 10, 2017, indicates the vote total has reached: 'Yes' – 18.4 percent, continuing to slip, and the 'No' – 72.5 percent, continues to rise, and 'undecided' – 9.6 percent, basically staying the same. This vote indicates that the 'No' votes certainly does not go along with the city's desires to continue with the funding of the burgeoning deficit which only serves certain individuals. Furthermore it certainly indicates the citizens do not want to increase thius city's debt structure in any way, shope, or form.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted

eyewatchingu

So what does all this have to do with anything you may ask @Alvin.
Organize crime in any shape way or form, is a crime. See the pattern can be seen here in this article fro spring lake nc Audit. I choose to use this news article to show the connection in how these types of committees and org. have used the system to bleed money from city coffers not just here in Killeen tx, NATIONALLY. Under the Ricco laws, these Org, have now become or would become if we had the right Attorney General, listed as gang affiliated and band from any and all local government just like the KKK and other so called hate groups ( let me make this clear, I do not tolerate racism in any shape or form, I do not tolerate discrimination of any kind and will no longer watch the black and white privilege cards being played in our local and national government)
This is just not something that is happening in just one state, one city or one county. This is an epidemic that is killing the working class people across the board. We need to put a freeze on our local government like today, and ask for the attorney general, or should I say demand him to step in NOW!. Bring in a business is a great start, yet sadly it will bring in only 28 jobs over the next 5 years. Yet has anyone seen any studies on how this chemical company will effect our air, what about the waste this place will need to get rid of. Also with this company being from another country what are the legalities around if something happens and the company has a chemical spill. Now if Mrs Fleming owns a trucking company, and like Mrs Teel, has ever had to take a hazmat test she knows that peroxided is a placard load. So did Mrs Flemng ask questions, or did the naacp and other so called stockholders tell them not to ask questions. Spring Lake, N.C. — Dozens of officials and town employees in Spring Lake misspent nearly $460,000 over five years, racking up personal purchases on town credit cards, buying items without a purchase order and getting travel reimbursements without required paperwork, according to an audit released Monday.

The audit lists 66 current and former positions – no names are included – from the mayor, police and fire chiefs and finance director down to payroll clerks and meter readers who may have broken the law by using town credit cards for personal use. The State Auditor's Office has turned its findings over to the State Bureau of Investigation to determine if any criminal charges are warranted.

The $122,434 in questionable purchases made between July 1, 2010, and March 31, 2015, include the following:

The interim recreation director bought $2,751 in Thirty-One bags from a friend. Thirty-One is a business that sells exclusive bags, accessories and jewelry directly through sales consultants. She told auditors that senior citizens had requested the bags, but the director of the senior center disputed that statement.

A former town manager spent $2,165 on food from a range of vendors, from Krispy Kreme Doughnuts to Subway to Ruby Tuesday. He told auditors that he often conducted meetings at restaurants instead of Town Hall.

A former Board of Aldermen member didn't reimburse the town for his wife's travel expenses to Boston and Seattle when she accompanied him to town-related conferences.

Town officials were aware of the excessive use of the credit cards, according to the audit, with the former town manager telling staff in 2013 that they "have to reel in our purchases" and a year later rolling out spending restrictions to reduce "impulsive" trips to Walmart. Yet, officials abandoned efforts to review credit card purchases after only two months, the audit states.

State auditors also cited Spring Lake officials for approving $335,756 in purchases in violation of town policies. Almost 75 percent of that was for purchases made without a purchase order, with purchases without receipts and travel expenses reimbursed without the proper paperwork accounting for the rest.

Again, auditors said, town officials knew of the problem but did nothing to fix it. The audit quotes a 2014 email from a former finance director about "clear violations and others that were more creative but nonetheless an attempt to ‘skirt’ the policy." Those attempts include breaking up orders or donating some items to the town to get below reporting thresholds, according to the audit.

Many town workers told auditors they weren't aware of the policies.

Finally, the town under-billed a real estate management company $90,930 for water and never bothered to collect the debt after discovering the error in December 2014, according to the audit.

Spring Lake Mayor Chris Rey said in his response to the audit that town officials are reviewing each questionable expense individually and are seeking reimbursement whenever appropriate. Officials also have billed the real estate management company for the amount owed and have tightened up the policies and procedures for all purchases.

More On This
Spring Lake audit http://www.wral.com/audit-spring-lake-officials-misspent-458-000/15810777/

eyewatchingu

Constitution and By-Laws of the Satan's Disciples:

Section's Information Form (i.e., their Membership Form)
 
Name;__________________________ A.K.A.;_______________ Age;_______ Birth;_________
Height;__________ Race;_______________ Clr. Eyes;______________ Clr. Hair;_____________
Complexion;________________ S.S.#;________________Family=s Address; ________________
City;______________________ State;________________ Phone#;________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
1.) Have you ever belonged to another organization?_______________ Who?__________________
How long have you been an I.G.S.D.?_______ What section did you originate from?_____________
___________________ Who can verify your membership in this Organization?_________________
Why did you decide to join the I.G.S.D.N. Family?_______________________________________
Do you have any family members who are oppositions?________ Who?_______________________
What are your plans in life for the future?_______________________________________________
Have you ever been convicted before?_____________ Been in any institutions?_________________
Where?___________________________________ Last year of completed school?____________
Are you married?__________________ If you have any children, how many?__________________
Name;__________________________ Age;__________ Date of Birth;_____________________
Name;__________________________ Age;__________ Date of Birth;_____________________
Name;__________________________ Age;__________ Date of Birth;_____________________
If more children, lease put on back.
Do you have any other family members that=s I.G.S.D. or other Folks members?_________________
If so, who?_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
2.) What can you offer the I.G.S.D.N. Organization, that would help us to grow and become a great nation?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
3.) Send a photo in for filing.

Love and respect to all,
            I.G.S.D.N. Members of this Organization, this New Concept has been structured for the benefit of the Organization's future, as well as for ourselves. To have a social, economic, a political interest for our children and communities we live in. We must take the advantage of every opportunity to learn what is necessary to become a productive and disciplined group of individuals.
            We can't expect for miracles. overnight, but this New Concept of ours is vital for us to come together as a great Family. Now is the time! Today is the day! One or two of us can't do this alone, to bring our Nation's Organization together. We shall and must work at this together, only with the support of all members of the Disciple Nation, can we make this Nation's Organization such a reality.
            Together, if we can believe in something strong enough, there is nothing we can not do together. All we need to do, is to believe in ourselves, and we will get where we want in life.
            But, before we can really take the first step to success, for our Organization, we must prepare ourselves, by going to school, taking trades. Anything that ca educate us for that step into the future of life, not only for ourselves, but for the future children of the nation's Organization as well.
            So Sisters and Brothers, lets do what's right, and come together and plan as one whole Family, for the I.G.S.D. Nation's Organization, and its future children


OATH FOR THE I.G.S.D.N.
            For this great and powerful Nation of ours, I will always honor the Beloved King David (R.I.P.), our ever lasting King, and the Nation's Concept. That shall guide me to the growth in the coming future, which I shall follow to the end.
            I shall always give my all to help the Nation grow stronger in mind and body. Educating myself to the fullest extent, not only for myself, but for the children's growth of our Nation.
            I shall help any member in our struggle, the best way I can. Never letting any one disrespect our Nation's beliefs, flag, nor colors.
            I shall never break our Nation's code of secrecy, nor betray the Nation's trust in any way.
            I believe in my Oath, and the King of this Nation. And I will stand on these words, using my 360 degree of Wisdom, Knowledge, and Understanding, and respect them with all my Love, Life, and Loyalty for my Nation!

POLICIES
1.The I.G.S.D.N. are one of the original tribe of Disciples from King David's Coalition, and are allies to all Disciple families of the Six. The B.G.D., B.D., M.L.D., and S.G.D. are families of the same struggle. We shall LOVE and RESPECT them as we would each other.
2.This Organization has a day to celebrate a special day, the Birthday of our Beloved King, May 3, the day to show Honor, Love, Respect, and our Gratefulness to Him for having this Nation come together as a Great Family. This Day shall be S.D.'s Day! We shall also Honor the Birth of King David (May 24) with all other Disciples, because without Him, Disciples would never be.
3.Each and every member must study and understand this New Concept, without knowing, will prolong the growth of becoming a great force. Leaving us without a future.
4.Members must and will learn to read and write, it's essential to the growth structure of our Nation's New Concept.
5.No section will be recognized by the Organization, unless it has number of twelve or more members.
6.Everyone eighteen and over, must register to vote, in order to have a successful Organization in each of the section's communities. We must have common social, economic, and political interest, for the children's growth of our Nation.
7.All members are entitled free Enterprise. We shall be the only one that should have free enterprise in our communities. No one outside the Organization is allowed to start or have a business in our communities.
8.Security and awareness is a must to obtain the safety of our families and communities.
9.For each passing of a member, there shall be a wreath, with a Yellow ribbon with the saying:
YOU'LL NEVER BE FORGOTTEN, which will be given to the member's family out of Love and Respect we have for them.
10.No policy or law will be changed or made, only by the agreement of the Legislative Board.
11.All meeting and S.D. Day will be open first with the Oath and closed with the Prayer.


LAWS OF THE NATION:
1.) All members shall acknowledge the Leadership and New Concept handed down to them. Insubordination will not be tolerated within the Family. (1,2,3,& 4)
2.) Caught in an act of treason or breaking the code of silence against the Nation will not be allowed. (4)
3.) No member are allowed to commit acts or be part of rape. For we all have Mothers, sisters, and daughters. (4)
4.)The addiction or influencing another member to use hard drugs, will never be acceptable. (3 & 4)
5.) Stealing among the Family will not be tolerated. (2 & 3)
6.) Giving false information (lying) to the Leadership or Nation is not accepted. (1 & 2)
7.) Members must help any other members in time of need, and will always help the other sections, no matter the situation is. If one engages in conflict with any one outside the Family, the whole Organization shall be behind them. (2 & 3)
8.) The Organization consist of many races and sections, therefore, Respect is due for the Nation and their families. (1,2, & 3)
9.) All disputes and arguments between members shall be brought to the proper Chain or command for settlement, if it can't be worked out. (1,2, & 3)
10.) Neglecting security must and will not be tolerated. (1,2, & 3)
11.) All members must fill out an Information Form, if She or He agrees to honor the Nation's Organization. Info-Forms are to inform the Nation who is a member of the Organization. Those who don't fill an Info-Form, will be left aside, until they can prove to be a member of this Organization. (1 & 4)
12.) Each member shall pay dues of three dollars a week, for the purpose of the Nation's future. (1,2, & 4)
13.) All members will attend all meeting being held. (1,2 & 4)
______________________________________________________________________________

PENALTIES AND VIOLATIONS

            Members that break any of these Laws of our concepts, shall be dealt with accordingly..
            1.) To be given a strict warning.
            2.) To be fined, on the decision of the Leadership.
            3.) Will be a body violation, with the Board's approval.
            4.) Will be banished or exiled from the Nation, with the Board's approval. None is above the Laws and Concept of this Nation!!


THE LEGISLATIVE BOARD
            The Board: The Chairman: (King of the Nation),
            Co. Chairman: (Prince of the Nation), and Board Members (Leadership of each section).
            The purpose of this Board, is to make laws and guidelines to build and control the growth of our Nation's Organization. To open all lines of communications between all sections and keeping a positive bondage among us. This Board will hold their meetings once a month to discuss any and all situations and business matters that is presented to them.FUNCTIONS OF THE LEGISLATIVE BOARD


THE CHAIRMAN: Is the King of our Nation and the Chairman of the Organization's Board. Making sure that the Board functions properly and having the last option, on every decisions that confronts the Board.

CO. CHAIRMAN: Is the Prince of our Nation and the Co. Chairman of the Board. Voicing his option, must be ready to make decisions when the Chairman is not able to be present.

BOARD MEMBERS: Are the leadership from each section, chosen by the membership of their section. Having an opinion on the Board, that will have an affect on the Organization. All Board members should have a positive out look on life, and able to make serious decisions for the Nation.

BOARD SECRETARY: Is a Board member that was chosen to:
            1.) Keep records of each meeting.
            2.) Brief the Board of all situations and
            3.) Keeping and filing all Information Forms of each section.


FUNCTIONS CONTINUED
 
HEAD TREASURER:Is a Board member that was chosen to:
            1.) Report to the Board on the Organization's income at each meeting.
            2.) Recording and filing all income
            3.) Responsible for all sections reporting their income on dues once a month.
 
CHIEF OF SECURITY: Is a Board member that was chosen to:
            1.) Be in charge of all security matters and Security Staff of each community.
            2.) Making sure that all Security Staff are functioning properly in their community.
            3.) Having and reporting all Security meetings to the Board.
            4.) Making sure all Security Staff be present at all Board meetings.
            5.) That the Board meeting are secured tightly.
6.) Carry out all violations within the Nation. (May it be a member or threatening of the opposition.).
 
SECTIONS OF THE I.G.S.D.N.
 
The section's leadership; (Board Member and Chief of Section).
Secretary of Section; (Second in command of section), and membership;
(DISCIPLES of the Nation's Organization in each community).
            Sections are branches of our Nation's Organization that has extended into many communities of the city. Giving us the opportunity to grow in numbers, strength, and what we are to become for the future.
            Each section helps our Nation grow stronger by honoring and protecting the New Concept and our communities.
            There shall be a meeting for each of the sections every two weeks to discuss on any and all situations or business matters within the section community, or what is to be presented to the Board. There is not section smaller nor greater then the other, we are all equal under one great Nation.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


FUNCTIONS OF A SECTION


CHIEF OF SECTION: (Board Member)- A member chosen by the section to manage the section. They are responsible for the community and members, their duties are as followed:
            1.) Keeping order within their section.
            2.) Standing on all the policies and laws given to them.
            3.) Keeping an open line of communication with the other Board members and section.
4.) Making sure that all members in their section who don't know how to read and write, go to school, or have them find some kind of job or trade.
            5.) Ready to make a quick and right decision.
            6.) Keeping a understanding among the section.
 
SECRETARIES OF SECTION: (Second in command)- Are members chosen by their section, to be under Board member, duties are as followed:

FUNCTIONS CONTINUED

 
1.) Being ready to step in place if their Chief can not be present to make decisions.
2.) Advising their Chief at meetings or whatever might come up.
3.) Keeping records of the information forms of each member in their section.
4.) Recording all meetings
5.) Insuring that all members will learn the New Concept and laws.
 
TREASURER OF SECTION: Is the most trustworthy member chosen by their section, having the responsibilities of holding the section's finances, duties are as followed:
            1.) Collecting the members dues once a week from their section.
            2.) Keeping in touch with the Head Treasurer of the Organization for any and all finance problem.
            3.) Recording all money (receiving and moving).
            4.) Making sure that Head Treasurer receives the Organization's finances.
 SECURITY OF SECTIONS: A member chosen by their section, to take on the responsibilities of the safety of their community and members duties are as followed:
            1.) Staying in contact with Chief or Security.
            2.) Must attend all security meetings.
            3.) Reporting all matters to their Chief.
            4.) Making sure the community is well protected from non-members and oppositions.
            5.) Aware of any and all matters within the community.
            6.) Keeping all meetings secured from danger.
            7.) Carrying out violations within the Nation (may it be a member or threatening of a non-member).
 
 
INFORMATION FOR HEAD TREASURER
 
Head Treasurer,
            You're chosen as one of the most trustworthy member from the Organization, and having an important function that will help the Organization grow financially powerful.
            You are in charge of all finances and invest on business establishments. You will be responsible and in charge of all the section's treasurers, making sure that they collect all dues, and do their functions accordingly, because their mistakes are your mistakes as well, and mistakes are costly.
            How to organize the income; every member will pay dues of three dollars a week. One dollar will stay with the section's treasury, you will receive two dollars. You will start two bank accounts, that a dollar will go into each one.
            So, depending on how many members are in each section, is what you should receive and leave with the section's account, for them to build an account for business ventures or emergency matters. But, before they can use any finances, they would have to report to you.
            If a section is lacking on dues, inform the Board member of that section about the situation. It's his job to make sure the section's treasurer stands on the membership pays their dues or charges should be brought to them under law No. 12.
            No sections are allowed to use their funds on illegal weapons, or hard drugs. For the reason of members not functioning properly and disorderly, meaning lost of income and bringing trouble towards the Organization. They may use the funds on investing in dances or something that would replace or double the funds with the approval of the Head treasury.
            About the two bank accounts; one of the accounts are for the Organization's income and business establishment, for investing only on legitimate business, which can only be approved by the Board.
            The other account will be held for all members incarcerated, bail money, or to help pay for the lawyer. But, only if members are locked up for the Organization. Which can only be approved by the Board.
 
 
HEAD TREASURER
 
            On every Board meeting you will have the responsibility to report on all income and any other matters that concern the treasury. If you decide that funds should be transferred into an investment, confront the Board, let them know your venture, and how it will benefit our Organization, then the Board must approve your venture.
            Since you are responsible for the finances of the Organization, it would be beneficial that you know how to read and write, and very important to try to take up a class on business and accounting. This will help us and you in the future, when the Organization's income grows. Needing to know about investing in legitimate businesses, and balancing the books, will help legalize the Organization. It is up to you to help and believe in what the Organization can become. Getting the membership off the street and into something positive, like having a job or putting their talents into good use, for the Organization and the communities.
            We must begin and we must begin now! Today is the Day! Now is the time! This is it! We must accept the reality that there is very little, if anything at all, that we can do about yesterday. Yesterday is gone, tomorrow is not here. When tomorrow gets here, it will be today. So this is where our major emphasis must be. Certainly, we must set goals. But, the purpose of goal setting is make the present day (today) fulfilling. We must dedicate ourselves to learning to live before we die.
            It's essential for all Treasurers to go to school, for your education is important in the growth of our Nation's Organization.
            Under policy No. 9, about every passing member, there shall be a wreath at their funeral. This is for the Love and Respect the Organization has for them. These funds will come from the Organization income and business establishment account, without the Boards approval, but must be reported to them at the Board meetings.
 
 
TO ALL THE SECRETARIES
 
Secretaries,
            You members are important to help the Organization stay in tune and order. Advising and recording all that happens within the Family.
            Keeping records of meetings and members is essential to the Organization, knowing what happened, and knowing who's a member or not.
            Each member must fill out two information forms: one is for the Secretary of the section where the member is from to keep in their file. And the second one is for the Board's Secretary, for when someone comes to the joint or anywhere else, they can be checked on to prove they are part of our Nation. Also, for all members can be noticed by this Organization, it's a must that all members fill these forms out.
            All Secretaries must and will know how to read and write, if they don't know how, they are required to go to school. There will be reading and writing in use of this function, for the filing and recording meetings.
            If going to school is too much of a problem, there's places to get your G.E.D., and after this, you can take a class on book keeping. Using your mind and talents is essential to life and help to improve our Organization.
            We must begin and we must begin now! Today is the day! Now is the time! This is it! We must accept the reality that there is very little, if anything at all, that we can do about our yesterdays. Yesterday is gone, tomorrow is not here. When tomorrow gets here, it will be today. So this is where our major emphasis must be. Certainly, we must set goals. But, the purpose of goal setting is to make the present day (today) fulfilling. We must dedicate ourselves to learning to live before we die.
 
 
SECURITY STAFF
 
Security,
            All you members have been chosen for the safety and protection of this Organization. Without security, the whole Nation will be endanger to non-members and oppositions.
            So security is a important function that guarantees the welfare of our nation and family members safety. The fundamentals is maintaining security in our lives; is awareness and acknowledgement of the surrounding and environment always around us at all times.
            In any situations that may occur, there won't be no excuses for negligence. No member shall hold any information that can improve or be damaging to the welfare of our Nation and membership.
            Never letting any member become targets or victims to anyone, if that happens, it proves that the Nation never had a system that proclaims to have had. Therefore, no member will discuss or disclose any Nation's business to any non-member that could inflict harm to the Organization. We should be the ones to move first, at all times.
            Informing all members of what's going on is important, and it keep an open line of communication among our family. You will never really know when a mishappening situation may occur, at any time or place. That is why you must always stay aware of everything and inform members of situations and you whereabouts in any community.
            It would be wise to walk in the community in the company of another member, in case of a confrontation presented before you, that may occur danger. You will have help and insurance of the Nation being informed because the situation at hand to later seek revenge on the dangerous party that threatens our Nations and membership.
            All meeting, parties, and anywhere there is many of our family members counting on your awareness. Any members that is appointed to work security at any time, are not allowed to drink or do any drugs for the reason of interfering with their alertness, thinking, and reflex.
 
 
ALWAYS BE AWARE!

eyewatchingu

And I promised I will do other groups as well. Seems that the NAACP by laws are almost the same as the KKK.
CONSTITUTION AND LAWS

Knights Of the Ku Klux Klan

(Incorporated)

Imperial Palace, Invisible Empire

Knights of the Ku Klux Klan

Atlanta, Go.

corrmSHTEO 1921 by the knights of tkf ku klux ki.an. ihc . atl»»-

L'ENVOI.

"To the lovers of Law and Order, Peace
and Justice, we send greeting; and
to the shades of the valiant, ven-
erated Dead, we gratefully and
affectionately dedicate the

KNIGHTS OF THE KU KLUX KLAN."

DECLARATION.

WE SOLEMNLY DECLARE TO ALL
MANKIND that the Knights of the Ku Klux
Klan, incorporated, is the original Ku Klux
Klan organized in the year 1866, and
active during the Reconstruction period of
American history; and by and under its cor-
porate name is revived, remodeled and ex-
panded into a Ritualistic, Fraternal, Patriotic
society of national scope, duly incorporated
(under the laws of the State of Georgia) m
the years 1915 and 1916, and dedicated to the
same principles and spiritual purposes as
more particularly set forth in Article II, of
the Constitution and Laws of the Society

WE DO FURTHER DECLARE TO THE
WORLD that our original Prescript used as
the governing law of the Ku Klux Klan, dur-
ing the period of its former activities, and all
official titles, mannerisms, usages and things
therein prescribed have not been abandoned
by us; but on the contrary, all of these, to-
gether with designs of paraphernalia, regalia,
flags, banners, emblems, symbols, or other in-
signia and things prescribed or previously
used by or under the authority of the Ku Klux
Klan are the property of the Ku Klux Klan

3

*

under and by virtue of its corporate name of
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and are held
sacred by us as a precious heritage, which
we shall jealously preserve, forever maintain
and valiantly protect from profanation.

THE IMPERIAL PROCLAMATION.

>To the lovers of Law, Order, Peace and
Justice of all nations, People, Tribes and
Tongues of the whole earth, Greetings:

I, and the citizens of the Invisible Empire
through me, make declaration to you:

We, the members of this Order, desiring to
promote patriotism toward our Civil Govern-
ment; honorable peace among men and na-
tions; protection for and happiness in the
homes of our people; manhood, brotherhood,
and love among ourselves, and liberty, justice
and fraternity among all mankind; believing
we can best accomplish these noble purposes
through a mystic, social, patriotic, benevo-
lent association, having a perfected lodge sys-
tem, with an exalted ritualistic form of work
and an effective form of government, not for
selfish profit, but for the mutual betterment,
benefit and protection of our oath-bound as-
sociates, and their loved ones; do physically,
socially, morally and vocationally

Proclaim to the World

That we are dedicated to the sublime duty of
providing generous aid, tender sympathy and
fraternal assistance amid fortune and
misfortune in the effulgent light of life
and amid the sable shadows of death; and
to the exalted privilege of demonstrating the
practical utility of the great (yet most neg-
lected), doctrine of the Fatherhood of God and
the Brotherhood of man as a vital force in
the lives and affairs of men.

We invite all men who can qualify to be-
come citizens of the Invisible Empire to ap-
proach the portal of our beneficent domain,
join us in our noble work of extending its
boundaries, and in disseminating the gospel
of "Klankraft," thereby encouraging, con-
serving, protecting and making vital the fra-
ternal relationship in the practice of an hon-
orable clannishness; to share with us the glory
of performing the sacred duty of protecting
womanhood; to maintain forever the God-
given supremacy of the white race; to com-
memorate the holy and chivalric achievements
of our fathers; to safeguard the sacred rights,
privileges and institutions of our Civil Gov-
ernment; to bless mankind and to keep eter-

5

nally ablaze the sacred fire of a fervent devo-
tion to a pure Americanism.

The Invisible Empire is founded on sterling
character, and immutable principles based
upon sacred sentiment and cemented by no-
ble purposes. It is promoted by a sincere, un-
selfish devotion of the souls of men, and is
governed by their consecrated intelligence. It
is the soul of chivalry, virtue's impenetrable
shield; and the devout impulse of an uncon-

DONE IN THE AULIC OF HIS MAJES-
TY, the Emperor of the Invisible Empire,
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, in the Imperial
Palace, in the Imperial City of Atlanta, Com-
monwealth of Georgia, United States of

quered race.

America.

This the 29th
day of No-
vember, An-
no Domini,
Nineteen
Hundred and
'Twenty - two

America.

This the 29th
day of No-
vember, An-
no Domini,
Nineteen
Hundred and
'Twenty - two


Anno Klan
. L VI.

KU KLUX KREED.

(Original Creed Revised)
We, the Order of the Knights of the Ku
Klux Klan, reverentially acknowledge the
majesty and supremacy of Almighty God and
recognize His goodness and providence
through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Recognizing- our relation to the government
of the United States of America, the Su-
premacy of its Constitution, the Union of
States thereunder, and the Constitutional
Laws thereof, we. shall ever be devoted to the
sublime principles of a pure Americanism, and
valiant in the defense of its ideals and insti-
tutions. \^

We avow the distinction between the races
of mankind ^.s decreed by the Creator, and
we shall ever Tfc>e; and he shall contract, in the
us Order, with other members for
on, financing, management, opera-
rests, and shall fix the

- IP— — rtMna.y**.

28

Section 13. Whenever a question of para-
mount importance to the interest, well-being
or prosperity of this Order arises, not pro-
vided for in this Constitution, he shall have
full power and authority to determine such
question, and his decision, which he shall re-
port to the Imperial Klonvokation if requested,
shall be final.

DUTIES OF IMPERIAL OFFICERS.

Article XL

Section 1. IMPERIAL KLALIFF: Is the
second highest officer of this Order; he shall
be the president of the Imperial Klonvokation,
and perform such other duties as may be re-
quired by the Imperial Wizard.

Section 2. IMPERIAL KLAZIK: Is the
second vice-president of this Order, and he
shall be the executive head of the department
of Realms, and shall perform such other du-
ties as may be required by the Imperial
Wizard.

Section 3. IMPERIAL KLOKARD: The
duties of the Imperial Klokard shall be to
disseminate Klankraft, and perform such du-
ties as may be required by the Imperial
Wizard.

29

. ! ■


r 1 . -

Section 4. IMPERIAL KLUDD- Is aL

shall perform such other duties as may be
required by the Imperial Wizard.

Section 5. IMPERIAL KLIGRAPP: Is the
Supreme Secretary and recording officer of
this Order He shall be in charfe of secre-

wIm* a "5 ShaI i \ e the custodian of the
Imperial records and the Imperial Seal. He

shaH receive and receipt for all funds coming

from any source whatsoever. He shall tranX

penal Klabee (Supreme Treasurer) at fh P

to 6 H^SSA'^ his Spt "there'
■ sha11 *e secretary of t»w> Tm

Sa?LS*fi Klonclium and shall have gen-

K°, f , £ U thG Clerical worked
worKings. He shall keep an accurate account

$ftr3& ^^semenS. 3 HeThall
JSinW hi fi&ES**™ a ? d other documents
SSSSS I SESP" ° r attesta «on- He shall

ISf ' lp£3K ol a S*5B


•34 .

Ms

mm


80

J »r"

honest performance of the duties of his office
in some reliable bonding or surety company
m the sum of $25,000.00, the said bond to be
approved by the Imperial Kloncilium. He
shall not assume the duties of his office until
all these requirements are complied with.

Sectwn 6. IMPERIAL KLABEE: Is the
Supreme Treasurer of this Order and is, there-
fore, the custodian of its funds. It shall be
his duty to demand of the Imperial Kligrapp
at the close of each day all funds received by
the Imperial Kligrapp and he shall receipt
the Imperial Kligrapp therefor, and make a
deposit of funds once each day in some bank
or banks, designated by the Imperial Klon-
cilium. These funds shall be carried in the
na f,of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
and shall be paid out only upon the signature
of the Imperial Klabee, countersigned by the
Imperial Wizard. He shall keep an accurate
record of all receipts and disbursements made
by him, and shall make a full and complete
report of the receipts and disbursements of
his office to the Imperial Kloncilium at its
regular annual meeting, and to the Imperial
Klonvokation at its regular meeting. He shall
perform p ~ such other duties as may be
required of him by the Imperial Wiz-

31

ard. F%hall be subjected, if it bears an
™hlm or i^n insignia of this Order, shall
K^nnTtn nrfd is the property of this order;
and s?ch a?Scles or thfng? cannot legally bear
aremblemVinsi^nia, or design of this Order
without written authority of the Imperial Wizard, and can only be procured through him, as it may select, and at such time as the Great ? h f r i er \i5 ha T r ^ er a PP«cants must be submit-
ted to the Klan in klonklave assembled; if
any Klansman present knows any just reason
that disqualmes an applicant for member-
ship, he must rise to his feet and challenge
that applicant and state his reasons for so
doing; this done, the Provisional Exalted Cy-
clops, or the Kleagle in charge acting as such,

!u T^ e f er the application to the Klokann and
the Klokann shall investigate the application
on the basis of the grounds of objection, and
they shall report on such applicant at the
next subsequent klonklave, if possible, or at
the very earliest possible date thereafter, at
which klonklave final action shall be taken.
An applicant who has been finally rejected
cannot apply again until after the expiration
of twelve months from date of rejection. If

50


■'mm

■•Mm

mi

mm

after a careful investigation the Klokann
finds that the objector was in error, they shall
report accordingly and recommend the pas-
sage of the applicant, and the Klan shall take
definite and final action on the report of the
Klokann.

Section 3-b. Applications for membership in
chartered Klans shall be read three times in
klonklave assembled, and opportunity given
each member present to make objections. All
objections may be made in writing, signed by
the objector and delivered to the Klokann,
whose duty it shall be to investigate the ob-
jections and make their findings and report
the same to the Klan body for its adoption or
rejection. All petitions must be made in writ-
ing on Form K-115.

Section 3-c. An applicant who has been
finally rejected cannot apply again until after
the expiration of twelve months from date of
rejection and shall be within the jurisdiction
of that Klan for a period of three years.
Provided, however, upon request of the Klo-
kann of that Klan through regular channels
the Grand Dragon of organized Realms or
the Imperial Wizard in unorganized States,
a special dispensation may be granted or-
dering another ballot taken immediately.

51

Section 4- A Klansman who presents the
name of an applicant for membership in this
Order must know the applicant personally and
be familiar with his qualifications according
to this Constitution and Laws. All members
of a Klan must faithfully guard the portal
of the Invisible Empire so that no person not
qualified to enter therein shall be admitted.

Section 5. In the event a petitioner or
an applicant is denied membership in this
Order, the sum of his Klectokon shall be im-
mediately returned to him by the Kleagle, if
same was collected by him, or by the Kligrapp
of the Klan if same was paid into the Klan.

Section 6. All actions of a Klan in rejecting
an applicant for membership, as to the votes
cast, and by whom objections were made, are
a positive secret of this Order; members who
have knowledge of same and divulge or in-
timate in the slightest degree or cause such
knowledge to be in any way communicated
to any person not a member, shall be at on cg
banished from the Invisible Empire for the
violation of his oath on the ground of treason.

Section 7. When the required number of
charter petitioners have been obtained in ftf
community where a Klan is to be located, the
Kleagle will immediately forward a regular

52


petition for the issuance of charter to the Im-
perial Wizard through the regular channels.
Such petition must give the name selected fo."
that Klan, time of the meetings of regular
klonklave and must be signed by the Kleagle
in charge or the officers, giving the address of
that Klan.

Section 8. The Klan charter shall contain
the following text:

IMPERIAL PALACE INVISIBLE EMPIRE
KNIGHTS OF THE KU KLUX KLAN,

INCORPORATED.

TO ALL WHO READ AND RESPECT

THESE LINES,

GREETING:

WHEREAS, the Imperial Wizard has re-
ceived a petition from the following named

citizens of the Invisible Empire

et al., praying for themselves and others and
their successors to be instituted a Klan of the
Order under the name and number of

Klan Number , Realm of

and same to be located at

53

in the county of

State of ■

United States of America, and they having
given assurance of their fidelity to this Order
and their competency to render the service re-
quired, and their ready willingness to take
upon themselves and their successors the du-
' ties and responsibilities thereof, and their se-
rious determined purpose to rightly use and
not .abuse the powers, privileges and prerog-
atives conferred on them as such, and be faith-
ful and true in all things committed to them;

Now know ye that I, the Imperial Wizard
of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, on this

the day of

month of the Year of our Lord, 19........; and

on the day of the

Week of the Month of the

Year of the Klan.. , and in the

Cycle of the Third Reign of our

reincarnation, under the authority possessed
by me, do issue this Charter to the aforesaid
petitioners, their associates and successors,
under the name and number aforesaid, from
the day and date hereon, and same is effective
irom the date of its acceptance by said Klan
as certified below. ' -- -•>!

64

The said Klan is hereby authorized and em-
powered to do and to perform all such acts
and things as are prescribed by the Kloran,
Laws, Imperial Decrees, Edicts. Mandates
and Usages of the Order, and to enjoy all the
rights, privileges and prerogatives authorized
by the Constitution thereof; and all Klans-
men are strictly enjoined to valiantly pre-
serve and persistently practice the principles
of pure Patriotism, Honor, Klanishness and
White Supremacy, ever keeping in mind and
heart the sacred sentiment, peculiar purpose,
manly mission, and lofty ideals and objects
of this Order, a devoted loyalty to their Em-
peror and their Imperial Wizard — a stead-
fast obedience to the Constitution of this Or-
der, a faithful keeping of their "Oath of
Allegiance," and a constant, unwavering
fidelity to every interest of the Invisible Em-
pire, to the end that progress, power, purpose
and influence of Klankraft be properly
moted, the knowledge of the faithful, self-
rificing service and noble achievements of
Fathers be not lost to posterity, and ^all tl
things for which this, our beloved;. Order, is
founded to do : and perform and to protecj,
and! to: preserve and to perpetuate, be dilf-
jsently done and scrupulously maintained, «

that they be blameless in preserving th*» ^
dignity and intent of this Charter forevf? '

I solemnly charge you to hold ta*t ♦» , «
dauntless faith of our Fathers and to l~
their spotless memory secure anH • P

and true to the traditions of oufVal W V**
meet every behest of Duty, i n afl H- f S '
tionships of life and living, promr'lv "Si
properly, without fault, without faif with™,?
fear and without reproach. ' Wlthout

The Imperial Wizard has and holds th* *,n
and unchallengeable authority, right and pole
to cancel, suspend or revoke this Charter
and to annul all the rights, powers
rogatives, and immunities conferred herebv
for the neglect or the refusal on the Dart of
the said Klan to conform to and comply with
the Kloran Constitution, and Laws of this Or
fee*"! f he Serial Decrees, Edicts, Man-
dates, Rulings and Instructions thereof, or

?pr »l r V • res j? e S t the «sages of this Or-
der as proclaimed by and maintained under
the Imperial Authority of same.

rt /?K teS £ m0I £ whereof L the Imperial Wizard
of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, have

beal of the Invisible Empire, and do here-
unto set by hand and impress my official seal,

56

■ ■: 'i'.y.: 1 . • ■•

and same is duly attested — "Non Silba Sed
Axxthar."

Done in the Executive Chambers of his
Lordship, the Imperial Wizard, in the Imperial
palace, in the Imperial City of Atlanta, Com-
monwealth of Gebrgia, United States of
America, on the day and date above written.

BY HIS LORDSHIP,

IMPERIAL WIZARD, OF THE INVISIBLE
EMPIRE, KNIGHTS OF THE KU KLUX
KLAN :

imperial"^

certificate of acceptance:

This certifies that this Charter was read to
and duly adopted by above named Klan, in
session assembled, with all stipulations and
conditions herein stated or implied, on the

day of ;

D., 19 AK

Exalted Cyclops of Above Named Klan.
(Witness)

■ *

57

Section 9. Upon the receipt of the charter
the Kleagle or the Provisional Exalted Cy-
clops shall notify, or cause to be notiiied, the
members of the Klan to assemble at the ear-
liest convenient time in klonklave, at which
klonklave the charter shall be read and ac-
cepted by the Klan and a record made in the
minutes of the Klan, The charter of the Klan
is then closed and the Klan will proceed to
elect its elective officers, exercising care to
select officers who are competent and fitted
for the respective offices. This done the ser-
vice of the Kleagle terminates with this Klan.
The Klan proceeds at once to supply itself
with a seal and with adequate and suitable
by-laws for its government and the regula-
tion of its affairs and for the rigid protec-
tion and interests of this Order within its
Klanton. Jv \

Section 10 f By-laws of the Klan shall not
conflict with or be; inconsistent -with the Con-
stitution and Laws of this Order, and after
uame *have been prepared by the Klan they
must be immediately sent to the Imperial
Wizard or Grand Dragon to be approved and
ratified by him, corrected and amended by him
if necessary and upon his ratification such

by-laws become effective as law for the regu-
lation of that Klan.

Section 11. The charter of a Klan may oe
reopened by the Grand Dragon of a Realm or
by the Imperial Wizard upon a request by
the Klan, signed by its Exalted Cyclops and
Kligrapp. When a charter is reopened, the
Grand Dragon or the Imperial Wizard will
provide a Kleagle for this Klan for work under
their direction.

Section 12. The elective officers of a Klan
shall hereafter be as follows: The Exalted
Cyclops, president ; Klaliff , vice-president ;
Klokard, lecturer; Kludd, Chaplain; Kligrapp,
secretary; Klabee, treasurer; Kladd, conduc-
tor; Klarogo, inner guard; Klexter, outer
guard; Night-Hawk, in charge of candidates;
and three Klokann, board of investigators,
auditors and advisers, each of whom shall
bear the title of "Klokan." These shall be
known as the Exalted Cyclops and his twelve
Terrors. - " ;

Section 13. The term of office for officers of
a Klan shall be for twelve months or until
their successors have been elected and in-
stalled. Officers of a Klan shall be nominated
in the klonklave immediately preceding the
anniversary (May 6th) day, and elected at

59

le klonklave immediately succeeding the an-
iversary day, each year, and installed in the
rst klonklave in the month of July.
Section 14. An officer of a Klan elected and
ho is absent on the night of installation shall
s installed at the next klonklave, and if he
lould be absent from this klonklave, he shall
a notified to be present at the next klon-
lave for installation; then if he fails to
resent himself and has no providential ex-
lse, his office shall be declared vacant by the
xalted Cyclops and the Klan shall proceed
> elect at that klonklave a member to fill that
icancy, and such member elected shall be in-
alled at that klonklave.

Section 15. Officers-elect shall not in any
ise be installed unless their Klan dues are
lid up to and including the calendar quarter
f installation and their respective offices
lall become vacated, if, at any time, their
lan dues become in arrears, and no Klan
stallation of officers shall be recognized
ithin the Invisible Empire as being official
lless that Klan be in good standing with
ie Imperial Palace, Realm and Province of-
:es.

Section 16. When a Klan becomes in ar-
ars in payment of its Imperial, Realm or

Provincial tax for a period of one hundred
days, its several offices are automatically va-
cated, its members denied visiting privileges
in other Klans, and its acts subsequent thereto
are invalid unless the time is extended by the
Grand Dragon in organized Realms or the
Imperial Wizard in unorganized Realms, either
of whom shall have the authority to order a
complete audit of this Klan's affairs at the ex-
pense of the local Klan. Such Klan shall
not be entitled to representation in any Klon-
verse, Klorero or Imperial Klonvokation. It
shall be the duty of all Grand Dragons of
Realms and Great Titans of Provinces to file
with the Imperial Kligrapp, at least ten days
preceding the Klonvokation, a list of all Klans
in their respective territories which have paid
their realm or Province tax, and the numerical
strength of the individual Klans.

Section 17. Immediately upon the election
of officers the Kligrapp shall transmit the
names of officers-elect to the Great Titan of
the Province for ratification. Upon ratifying
such officers-elect, the Great Titan shall im-
mediately forward a copy of the list, together
with his ratification, to the Grand Dragon of
that Realm, who shall in turn file a copy in
his office and transmit a copy immediately to

the Imperial Khgrapp. No officer-elect shai
be inducted into office unless he be wS
and well qualified to fulfill the duties oTthat
office and his election duly ratified by the
Great Titan or Grand Dragon.

Section 18. Klan dues shall be paid in ad
vance A new member shall begin paving
dues the month immediately succeeding^!
month m which he was naturalized. A mem-
ber failing to pay his dues for three successive
months shall be automatically suspended from
the Klan and his name dropped from the roll
and he shall be so reported in the next quar-
terly report Upon the payment of his
arrears he shall be automatically reinstated
and shall be so reported by the Kligrapp in
his next quarterly report.

Section 19. Each and every member natur-
alized m this Order must supply himself with
a robe and helmet by sending, through his
K.ligrapp, his measurement and the required
fee for same. This robe and helmet shall be

hl At- J? IS , only J " ust so lon S as he is a member
of this Order in good standing. Upon his vol-
untarily quitting this Order, or his being sus-
pended or banished, for any cause, he shall
"tarn ^Jhe Exalted Cyclops his robe and

" rt delay, along with any other

Ki^m insignia or other property of this
* m ?i,; in his possession; all monies such

™Apr has paid were accepted as a guar-
antee It faith, and same are forfeited

^Sfim 20. A Klan under any and all cir-
nm^tances shall accord full respect to its

Titan may designate— provided the Klonverse
must hold its session at least thirty days prior
to the convention of the Klor«ro of that Realm.

KLANS.

Articu: XVIII.
Section 1-a. In States having a perfected
Realm organization, the Grand Dragon shall
designate the location of new Klans to be in-
stituted, and shall stipulate the number of
charter petitioners necessary to institute a new

Klan. , . _ ,

Section 1-b. In States having no Realm or-
ganization, the King Kleagle shall be ths judge
of the location and number of petitioners neces-
sary to institute a new Klan.

Section 2. The Kleagle in charge of the or-
ganization of a Klan shall remain in charge

49

and be responsible until that Klan is dulv
chartered and its officers elected and installed
Section 3-a Upon the organization of a
?„5 ! *V 0te ^ hal be had on the Petitioners

SK ?h?nS ere be ^ ee n u egative votes «*3

the ballot as a whole, then an individual bal-
lot shall be had by balloting on the petitioners

i»2 a** me ' $ ree , ne ^ ative Allots reject-
ing. After a Klan has been organized and
prior to the issuance and closing of its

and can be used only by a member or ta ' such
person or persons properly coming under the
protection of this Order by authority of the
Imperial Wizard. If such article or thing
or other property be intrusted to or permit-
ted to be in the possession of a member, or
other person, as set forth above, it must be
surrendered on official demand by an Exalted
Cyclops or the Imperial Wizard. If a mem-
ber has in his possession any article of prop-
erty of this Order, and voluntarily discontinues
his membership, or is banished from member-
ship, or in any other manner his connection
with this Order is severed, such article 01
articles, thing or things, must be immediatelj
returned or surrendered by him to an Exaltec

37

mm

Cyclops, Great Titan, Grand Dragon, or to
the Imperial Wizard, and he shall be given
a receipt for same. Upon his failure to do
so within thirty days the Exalted Cyclops

• or other offiwr sV»»11 fol^ o^u, „„„„ SS

action necessary to
sion of such article 1
privileges and use

BP 1

v

rf_- .... ,. 6 „„, rillJre6 „ ouu use

all such designs, emblems, insignia, etc.,
crted .or miplied ab °ve, are strictly reserved
by this Order.

Section 5. It shall be unlawful for any per-
son or persons, company, firm or corporation,
to manufacture or cause to be manufactured,
catalog or cause to be cataloged, advertise
or cause to be advertised, sell or offer for sale
or cause same to be done, any article or de-
sign whatsoever of this Order, or anything
used by or properly belonging to this Order,
unless such person or persons, company, firm

nL C W- atl ° n ' be dul y licensed ^ the Im-
perial Wizard to manufacture, advertise or


mm

1 *rap83

mm

shall be unlawful for any mem-

Order to purchase, cause to be

sion of any article or property of this Order
from any person, company, firm or corpora-
tion, without authority to do so from the im-
perial Wizard; he can procure such article
from the Imperial Wizard only by making
requisition therefor, and remitting the amount
of money required. It shall be unlawful for
any subordinate jurisdiction to procure any
article or property of this Order, or any sup-
plies, etc., used by it from any other source
than the Imperial Wizard, or by his au-
thority.

Section 7. If an unauthorized person shall
have in his possession any article, or property
of this Order, and this fact shall become
known to a member, it shall be the sworn duty
of such member to regain for this Order the
actual possession of such article without de-
lay; his failure to do so will jeopardize his
membership.

COSTUMES, SEALS, ENSIGNS, SYM-
BOLS, ETC.
Article XIV.
Section 1 KLAN PARAPHERNALIA:

sm! mSU«. of m® ,mw*» as per


tfVPPI bH Section 22. Should the accused be acquitted,
a majority of the Klokann shall have the
right to appeal from the judgment of the
tribunal and such majority of the Klokann
shall also have the right to suspend the ac-
cused through the Exalted Cyclops until such
appeal shall have been finally determined.

Section 23. Should the accused be convicted
he shall have the right to appeal from the
judgment of the tribunal ; but he shall remain
suspended until such appeal shall have been
finally determined.

83

_ Section 24. Notice of appeal shall be in writ-

S «?"f -X. fc !?u p ?# y or P arti es appealing
and filed with the Kligrapp of the Klan in

which the accused was tried, not more than
lo days from the date the judgment of the
tribunal was published in regular klonklave

Section 25. Upon the filing of such appeal,
the Kligrapp, Triton and Scribe of the tribu-
nal shall, within 30 days, make up a com-
plete transcript of the proceedings had upon
the trial, which shall be duly certified to by
the Kligrapp and forwarded by him imme-
diately to the Grand Dragon of that Realm.
Provided, however, that any member who shall
be found guilty by a tribunal in a realm other
than that m which he holds membership, shall
have the right, at his option, to take his appeal
to the Imperial Kloncilium instead of to the
Grand Tribunal of the realm where the trial is
held.

Section 26. In states where realm organiza-
tion has not been instituted, the appeal shall
be taken to the Imperial Kloncilium an da
transcript of appeal filed with the Imperial
Kligrapp m like manner as is provided in
appeals to the Grand Tribunal of a Realm.

nrSS°i 2 ?,- In ° r ,f an T d Realms the Gr « n d
Dragon shall annually select a Grand Tribunal

composed of 12 Hydras or Giants, provided
that for j^^J»aw after a realm is

ln^t« 1 H«^^!^jW be imposed of
Hydras, Furies Exalted Cyclops and Klaliffs.

Sectton 28. The Grand Tribunal shall meet
at the annual meeting of the Klorero and at
such other times as the Grand Dragon thereof
may direct.

Section 29. The Grand Dragon shall desig-
nate one of said Grand Tribunal as Triton and
he shall select his scribe therefor from the
membership of the Grand Tribunal. The de-
cision of nine or more members of said Grand
Tribunal shall render judgment.

Section 30. Until Realm organization is in-
stituted all appeals from judgments of the
tribunal of the individual Klans in such states
shall be reviewed by the Imperial Kloncilium
whose judgments thereon shall be final.

Section 31. The procedure shall in all cases
refer and apply to major offenses against
the Order and shall in no sense alter or affect ,
Sections 3 and 4 of Article 20 of the Consti-
tution and Laws.

Section 32. All judgments of the tribunal
shall be reported promptly by the Kligrapp of
the Klan within 5 days to the Grand Dragon;

85.

«LI h rS * or e an »zation has not been

perfected, to the Imperial Kligrapp.

n«£fA"3 ^ re bani shment has been im-
posed, the Grand Dragon or the Imperial Kli-
grapp, as the case may be, shall so notify all

ESS W wl n th * Realm wh «re the case Orig-
inated Where the extreme penalty has been
imposed, the Imperial Wizard shall decree,
proclaim and publish same or cause the same
to be done to all Klans throughout the Invisible
Empire.

Section U. In the event the preceding sec-
tions of this Constitution fail to provide for
punishment of any Klansman for any of the

°f e " - e 5"? 18 , mimi cal to the best interest
of this Order, the Imperial Wizard is hereby
vested with authority and power to prefer
charges against such Klansman in accordance
with the provisions of this Article, or at his
discretion to issue banishment order against
such Klansman, who shall have the right of
appeal to the Imperial Kloncilium for a period
of 90 days after date of banishment. The
Imperial Kligrapp shall publish the decree of
banishment to Klans in the Realm in which

such person hold membership, or throughout
the bounds of the Invisible Empire in accord-
ance with the decree.

KU KLUX KALENDAR, KU KLUX

KULLORS, ETC.

Article XXL . .

Section 1. Hereafter the calender of this
Order, by which days, weeks, months and years
shall be designated in all official documents,
is as follows:

Days —

7. Desperate

6. Dreadful

5- Desolate

4. Doleful

3. Dismal

2. Deadly

1. Dark

Weeks —

5. Weird
4. Wonderful
3. Wailing
2. Weeping
1, Woeful

1 * *

Months —

12. Appalling
11. Frightful
10. Sorrowful
9. Mournful
8. Horrible
7. Terrible
6. Alarming
5. Furious
4. Fearful
3. Hideous
2. Gloomy
1- Bloody «'

47

YEAR OF THE KLAN: The year of the
Klan (Anno Klan) begins with the month of
May each year.

CYCLE : A cycle is twelve calendar months
beginning with the month of December each

REIGN: The reign of Incarnation includes
all time up to the American Revolutionary War
Ihe first reign of our Re-incarnation dates
from the beginning of the Revolutionary War
and the establishment of our Government to
the Organization of the KuKlux Klan of the
Reconstruction m the year A. D. 1866. The
second Reign of our Re-incarnation dates from

fhe third Reign of our Re-incarnation dates

1915 on to the »2S

Section 2. The Kardinal Kullors of this Or-

and* Ri^ ftei ^, Sha11 be White, Crimson Gold
r r2 v r T ^ e T ,f econ dary Kullors shall be

?hl Green an 2 ? ,ue ' The ° ffici «l Kullors of

SSi^aS? t d l b r such as he ma y Sig.

nate, those of the Imperial Wizard, Roval

52?* l hS ■ i .« nM « n « «d the mysteVfof
these Kullors in the Invisible Empire shall
be revealed Kloranically.

88

Sectim 3. There shall be four Kloranic

S SlWtal orders of Klannish
acSetment and Kloranic a*™nt U

bf established and promulgated ta ' and » he
discretion of the Emperor of this Order mtne
unfoldment of its philosophies and in the reveia
tion of its spiritual mysteries.

ANNIVERSARY.

Article XXII.
Section 1. The Order was first organized
and operated under the appellation of the
Ku Klux Klan, or Invisible Empire^ m the
town of Pulaski, Tennessee, m the month of
May, in the year Eighteen Hundred and S xty-
Six (1866) , by six young men as a social c ub.
In the Year Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-

Seven (1867) it was reorganized into a "regu-
lative and protective organization" and as
such it actively existed as a cohesive organi-
zation until about the year Eighteen Hundred
and Seventy-Two (1872) at which time it
voluntarily disbanded in pursuance of an or-
der issued by its Grand Wizard-General Na-
than Bedford Forrest. In the month of Oc-
tober, in the Year Nineteen Hundred and Fif-
teen (1915) it was resurrected, reconstructed
and remodeled into its present incorporated
form and character as a "historical, social,
patriotic, military, benevolent, ritualistic, fra-
ternal order or society" under its present ap-
pellation by William Joseph Simmons, of At-
lanta, Georgia, and thirty-three associates,
three of whom were bona fide members in
good standing of this Order when it
disbanded as a regulative and protective Or-
ganization, as above stated.

Section 2. The anniversary date of this Or-
der hereafter shall be the Sixth (6th) day of
the Month of May each year.
£ Section 3. An anniversary celebration shall
be held each year on the anniversary date in
the City of Atlanta, Georgia, as the principal

anniversary celebration of this Order, the con-
cluding - * •

the anniversary date.

BONDS.

Article XXIII.

Action 1. Each and every Kleagle, , regu-
-JfiEEfr and co f ™oned by the jL»

give bond in whatever sum g^gJ^gSd

KaWby'je ^^^K^V^her
grapp and Klabee, and by the ' Kleagle ^oi

Article XXIV.
Wtion 1. This Constitution may be amend-

posed amendment or amendment shall become
a part of this Constitution when same has been

and also ratified by the Imperial Wizard; pro-
vided further that no amendment shall affect in
any way the fundamental principles, objects,
purposes and ideals of this Order; or the mili-
tary character of its government.

jSlJ? 2 - AH laws and parts of laws in

rwi^,^ rewi i h ,. are h - reby re P eal «d and this
Constitution shall go into effect immediately
upon its adoption.

CERTIFICATE OF ADOPTION.

THIS CERTIFIES that the above Con-
stitution and laws of the Knights of the Ku
Klux Klan, Incorporated, as duly authorized
by the incorporators of said Corporation in
session assembled on the Third day of July,

£ 5;i„5 A d M A w * re du 'y adopted subject
to ratification by the Imperial Wizard, by the

KuVht f on,vo T kation of the Knights of the
Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated, in its initial ses-
sion, assembled on the Twenty-Ninth day of
November A. D., Nineteen Hundred and Twen-

2; TW ?' i^X 1 "]" J he Cit y of Atlanta, GeS-
F ; u off J c ! ally d « c lare and affirm that the
text hereof is correct.

92

Atlanta, Georgia, November 29th, 1922


Imperial Klaliff.
( Ex-Off icio President of the Imperial Klon-

vokation).

Attest :

Imperial Kligrapp.
(Secretary)

98

CERTIFICATE OF RATIFICATION;
AND PROCLAMATION

To all Genii, Grand Dragons and Hydras,
Great Titans and Furies, Giants, Exalted Cy-
clops and Terrors, and to all citizens of the
Invisible Empire; in the name of the Valiant
and Venerated dead, I affectionately greet you :

THIS CERTIFIES that the above Consti-
tution and laws of the Knights of the Ku Klux
Klan, Incorporated, as authorized, prepared
and adopted by the Imperial Klonvokation of
the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated,
has been duly submitted to me for ratification
and proclamation; the same is hereby ratified
and, therefore, I do

OFFICIALLY PROCLAIM

The same to be the Constitution and Laws of
the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated,
for the government of the Invisible Empire and
all jurisdictions and Klans thereunder, and all
persons therein, and to which all citizens there-
of, Klansmen, members of this Order, have

94

sworn an unqualified allegiance, and pledge
in sacred sincerity, a constant inflexible
obedience.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I, the Imperial
Wizard of the Invisible Empire, Knights of
the Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated, have caused
the great Imperial Seal of the Knights of the
Ku Klux Klan, Incorporated, to be impressed
hereon, and I hereunto affix my official signa-
ture and seal on this the Twenty-Ninth day
of the Eleventh Month of the Year of Our
Lord Nineteen Hundred and Twenty-Two; and
on the Doleful Day of the Wierd Week of the
Terrible Month of the Year of the Klan LVI,
in the Seventh Cycle of the Third Reign of our
Re-incarnation.

TO THE LOVERS of law and order, peace
and justice, we send greetings; and to the
shades of the Valiant, Venerated Dead, we
gratefully and affectionately dedicate the
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.

Done in the executive chambers of His
Lordship, the Imperial Wizard, in the Imperial
Palace, in the Imperial City of Atlanta, Com-

95

monwealth of Georgia, United States of Amer-
ica, on the day and date above written.

"Non Silba Sed Anthar."

BY HIS LORDSHIP,

v • ti. * , Imperial Wizard,
/i • , Kn, £ hts of th ^ Ku Klux Klan, Inc.
(Imperial Seal)

4-

•n

as

•■v.w

■ * . ■

T HE BEARER

WHOSE SIGNATURE IS iNSCR.tJEO HERE


WOMEN OFTHE IKU.KJ-UX KLAN

LITTLE POCK. AR

Uarz

WMO»t AOORIM m

AND WHO

MAS BEEN AOVANCCO TO TMC

Srrnnfi Brgrrr *:S3tSS e * M or „„

AND IS ENTlTLEO TO ALL JPHKftlGHTS AND^ 1 ^^^ ,„ THE
DEGREE SO LONG AS

ABOVE N AM to KLAN.

8- 5-27

-

Kloran, and such account books, forms and
other things as are necessary. a{1

Section 2. COSTUMES: The official co*
tume of this Order, shall be a white robe 5
light weight cotton cloth, made with cape
of same material, and of proper length, with
white girdle around vaist, and insignia of
this Order worn on the left breast. The cowl
or helmet shall be made of same material as
the robe, and with whatever material neces-
sary to give it the proper stiffness, and so
made that it will be collapsible, and when
worn shall be of a cone s&ape. There shall
be one red tassel attached to the peak of same.
There shall be an apron of the same ma-
terial in both the front and rear, so as to
completely conceal the identity of the wearer, i
The front apron shall have two holes of the
proper size and location to facilitate the
vision of the wearer. This shall be known as
the Klansman's robe or costume. Costumes
to be worn by active officers, of whatever
rank or station, shall be of such design, and
made of such material, and with the use of
such colors, as may be prescribed by the Em-
peror.

Section 3. EMBLEMS AND SYMBOLS:

40

■ - ;


Shall be such as may be designated or ajithor-
fred by the Emperor. efore the same become effective as law.

Section 3. The Klorero of a Realm shall be
composed of all Grand Officers ef provinces
-within that Realm ,and five Kleepers from each
province in said Realm. Grand Officers,
Great Titans and Great Officers shall be en-
titled to one vote each. The five Kleepers shall
be entitled to one vote for each one hundred
Klansmen or major fraction thereof in good
standing within the province that they repre-
sent, said Kleepers present to divide this vote
equally. Exalted Cyclops shall have the same
voting rights, and under the same conditions
as in the Klonvokation.

Section 4. The Klorero shall possess no
»ower to interfere with the Imperial Wizard
*n his plans and purposes in the promulgation
of this Order within its respective bounds. ^

Section 5. The Klorero shall provide its
own revenue to meet the expenses of its con-
vention and clerical obligations.

Section 6. The officers of a Realm shall be
a Grand Dragon, who shall be President of
the Klorero; he shall be appointed by the Im-
perial Wizard for a term of office designated

45


: ■

in his appointment or during faithful serv-
ice and good behavior, and shall govern his
Realm in a manner not inconsistent with this
Constitution, or the instructions and direc-
tions of his Imperial Klazik; Grand Klalnf
second highest officer of a Realm, who shall
be vice-president of the Klorero; Grand Klo-
kard lecturer; Grand Kludd, chaplain; Grand
Khgrapp, secretary; Grand Klabee, treasurer-
Grand Kladd, conductor; Grand Klarogo, inner
guard; Grand Klexter, outer guard; and a
Grand Night-Hawk. These shall be known
as the Grand Dragon and his nine Hydras.
Officers of a Realm, other than the Grand
Dragon, shall be elected by the Klorero on
the nomination of the Grand Dragon, and such
election must be ratified by the Imperial Kla-
zik prior to their installation.

Section 7. The Grand Dragon and Great
Titans of each Realm shall be required to
meet en banc on the third Monday of July of •
each year. The first meeting to be held on
the third Monday of July, 1923, at a place
designated by the Imperial Klazik. The ob-
ject of the meeting is to discuss Klan prob-
lems and to suggest ^ - - ~ " '


4*

in


PROVINCES.
Article XVII.

Section 1. The Grand Dragon shall de&
ignate the bounds of a Province in his Realm
and shall form nevv Provinces as the develop-
ment warrants, but in number not to ex-
ceed six Provinces in any one Realm, except
by permission of the Imperial Wizard, Desir-
ing to form a Province he shall procure per-
mission from the Imperial Klazik. Upon re-
ceipt of such permission he shall notify all
Klans to be incorporated in that Province,
naming the officers appointed by him, and
formally declaring such Province formed, and
report immediately such formation to the Im-
perial Klazik.

Section 2. At the initial convention of a
Klonverse of a Province; the elective officers
of that Province shall be elected, but such
election must be ratified by the Grand Dragon
of that Realm, and such officers elected and
ratified shall be installed by the Grand Dragon
or by his duly appointed deputy, and they shall
govern the Province under the direction and
instructions of the Grand Dragon.

Section 3 A Klonverse shall be composed
of all the Grand Officers of the Realm; all

47

. . . ., .

II

1

if'

p

I

■ %

four


aw ■

rem

r ► ...

Si

Great Officers of that Province and four
Kleepers from each Klan in good standing in
that Province. The Grand Officers and Great
Officers shall each be entitled to one vote. The
Kleepers shall be entitled to one vote for each
one hundred Klansmen or major fraction there-
of in good standing in their Klan and they shall
divide the vote of their Klan equally.

Section 4. The officers of a Province shall
hereafter be: A Great Titan, the highest .
officer of a Province, and President of the I
KJonverse; three great Klaliffs, who shall J
compose an Advisory Board; a Great Kilgrapp, ;©p
secretary; a Great Klabee, treasurer; a Great
Kludd, champion; and a Great Night-Hawk.
These officers shall be known as the Great
Titan and his Seven Furies, and their terms
of office shall be from the date of their in-
stallation until the next convention of the
Klonverse, or until their successors shall have
been elected and installed.

Section 5. The Great Titan of a Province
shall be appointed by the Grand Dragon of
the Realm, with the consent and approval of
"-■Imperial Klazik, but all other officers ~* .^§Mi
ce shall be elected by the Klonvers~

m

the nomination of the Great Titan.

Aft
45

Section 6. The function of the Klonverse
is social and fraternal, for the purpose of
promoting good fellowship within the hounds
of that Province, and stimulating and devel-
oping interest in this Order, and its mission
and work.

Section 7. The Klonverse shall meet in reg-
ular session each calendar year, at such place 3J*rter. » nd thereby strictly observe the Con-
stitution and Laws, mannerisms, usages and
PTloranic (ritualistic) regulations and require-
ments of this Order as same are promul-
gated by the Imperial Wizard; and shall give
due respect and obedience to all Imperial,
Realm and Provincial decrees, edicts, man-
dates rulings and instructions issued by the
said officers; and failure on the part of a Klan
to do so shall be cause for revocation of its
charter and the suspension of its entire mem-
bership from this Order.

Section 21. A Klan shall meet m klonklave
at least once every month and gather promptly
at the hour agreed upon. Six members of a
Klan shall constitute a quorum for the trans-
action of any business at any regular klon-
klave.

Section 22. Special klonklaves may be held
at any time whenever same are deemed nec-
essary by the Exalted Cyclops or when he is

requested to do so by twenty-five per cent of
the membership in good standing and ten per
cent in cases where the membership in good
standing is greater than one thousand; pro-
vided, however, in no event under the pro-
visions of this section shall the number re-
quired be less than one hundred in Klans hav-
ing a membership in good standing greater
than four hundred. If this meeting is called
upon petition in accordance with the provisions
of this section, forty per cent of the mem-
bership in good standing at the time of such
call shall constitute a quorum.

Section 23. In the event the charter of a
Klan has been revoked or cancelled for any
cause, whatsoever, and in the event of dis-
bandment of a Klan, whether it be a char-
tered or Provisional Klan, all monies of that
Klan in the possession of any officer or mem-
ber thereof shall automatically become the
actual monies of the Imperial Treasury of
this Order and same must be freely and
promptly turned over, on demand, to the
properly accredited officer who is authorized by
the Imperial Wizard to receive same in the
name of this Order; also all books, papers,
manuscripts, Klorans, records, seal, Klan
paraphernalia, regalia, robes, helmets and any

64

and all other things used by the Klan, and
all articles or things appertaining to this
Order as may have been used by or are in
the possession of any individual member

^Section 24. A Klan, or member of this Or-
der shall not use the official costume or any
part of same on any occasion outside the
klavern without permission of the Grand
Dragon in organized Realms, or the Imperial
Wizard in unorganized States under penalty
of forfeiture of their charter or banishment

from this Order.

Section 25. No Klan or member shall use
the name of this Order or any part thereof
for any purpose that contravenes in any man-
ner the laws of the land, that will reflect, or
probably reflect, upon the reputation and
good name, or compromise, or injure this
Order, or any member thereof, in any way.

DUTIES OF KLAN OFFICERS.

Article XIX.
Section 1. EXALTED CYCLOPS: The
Exalted Cyclops is the supreme officer of a
Klan and its official head. He shall preside
over the klonklaves and govern same with
dignity, devotion and impartiality. He shall

65

mg the welfare of this Order within «T
bounds of his Klanton, and he SSftA
audable example to all Klansmen, of patriot
ism, klamshness, benevolence, love iSi
every respect He shall require a faUhful'
honor and a devoted loyalty to this Order in

i! "v, °\ the p / rt ° f a11 Klansmen with.
n his Klanton of the Constitution, laws
usages, etc of this Order, and all iSperS'

5&°Lffw ce ?- ecrees> e 5 licts ' »2Stt

rulings and instructions, and seek to make
vital and effective the principles, objects and
Sf s f this Order. He snail call the

see that his Terrors fill their respective of-
fices in an acceptable manner. He shall dili-
gently safeguard the sanctity and dignity
of the charter of his Klan and suffer no en-
croachment thereon, nor any departure there-
in *L e , shaI1 ^ nira the ritualistic work
Z- Kloran t0 he exemplified with the

highest degree of perfection possible, and he

fifi

SV1°tS, a G n r d anf S?U or the Dn-
^.^IT^KLALIPF: The Klaliff is the

othSSise assist the Exalted Cyclops m klon-
Uave assembled and perform such other du-
ties as may be required of him by the Ex-
alted Cyclops, the Kloran and by-laws of his

Section 3. KLOKARD: The XUbrt is
the lecturer or instructor and the Klan i cen
sor or* critic. He shall administer the oaths,
deliver the Kloranic lectures, instruct in secret
work, do those things commonly required of
a critic, and perform such other duties as
may be required of him by the Exalted Cy-
clops, the Kloran and the by-laws of his Klan.
He shall be responsible for the proper per-
formance of all ritualistic work within his
Klan, and shall disseminate Klancraft
throughout his Klanton.

Section 4. KLUDD: The Kludd is the chap-
lain of the Klan. He shall pertorm the duties
peculiar to his sacred office, and such other
duties as may be required of him by the Ex-
alted Cyclops, the Kloran and the by-laws
of his Klan. He shall be responsible for such
musical programs as may be presented; and
for the general spiritual welfare of his Klan.

Section 5. KLIGRAPP: The Kligrapp is
the secretary and recording officer of the
Klan. He shall keep an accurate and com-
plete record of all the proceedings of his Klan
assembled, and a correct and systematic record
of its membership, and of the date each mem-
ber was naturalized, etc., as required by the
record book for that purpose. He shall make
a report through the proper channels to the
proper officers not later than the 10th of the
month for the calendar quarter last past on
the regular blanks therefor, and with his re-
ports he shall remit to said officer or officers
all monies belonging to this Order, such as
Imperial Tax, Realm or Provincial Tax, Klec-
tokons, monies due for supplies and any and
all other monies due and payable to said of-
ficers. He shall witness all requisitions made
for any article or paraphernalia, regalia, jew-
elry, or other property of this Order, to be

68
used bv the Klan or a member thereof, ana
see that the required sum of money is sent
therewith. He shall notify all members who
are in arrears three months, and shall notify
?he Imperial Office of the arrears of a mem-
ber for three months. He shall be the cus-
todian of the seal of the Klan and shall im-
press it on all papers and documents requiring
same and perform such other duties as may
te required* of him by the Exalted Cyclops,
the Kloran and the by-laws of his Klan.

Section 6. KLABEE: The Klabee is the
treasure? of the Klan. He shall be. the cus-
todian of its funds, and shall recerve from
he Kligrapp all monies due to be turned over
to him, giving his receipt for same, and keep-
ng s™mf apfrt from his personal funds and
secure for the sole use of the Klan. He shall
S an accurate account of all monies re-
ceived by him, and pay same out only on
Xr of the Klan, signed by the Exalted Cy-
clops and the Kligrapp, except the monies due
by the Klan to the Impsrial Realm and Prov-
ince Officers, which monies do not require
action of the Klan, and make a f aithf ul record
of such disbursements. He shall make a com-
plete and itemized report of h.s office _tc . the
Klan when same is requested by the Exalted

22 P 5 2* e Klan * ? nd sha11 P erf orm such
other duties as may be required of him by ■

Klan Cycl °P s and the by-laws of his

Section 7 KLADD: The Kladd is the con-
ductor of the Klan and the custodian of its
paraphernalia and other properties. He shall
conduct candidates for naturalization, collect
the countersign and pass word at the opening
of a klonklave, and perform such other duties
as may be required of him by the Exalted
Cyclops, the Kloran and the by-laws of his
Klan.

Section 8. KLAROGO: The Klarogo is the
inner guard of the Klan. He shall keep a
diligent watch at the inner door and permit
only those to enter the Klavern who are qual-
ified or have the permission of the Exalted
Cyclops. If he should be in doubt as to the
qualifications of the one seeking admission,
he must satisfy himself from the Klaliff or
Kligrapp. He shall perform such other du-
ties as may be required of him by the Ex-
alted Cyclops, the Kloran and the by-laws of
his Klan.

Section 9. KLEXTER: The Klexter is the
outer guard of a Klan. He shall keep a dili-
gent and faithful watch at the outer door, and

_ — * .v.^ Aa®


«llow no one to pass him from the outside ex-
fioT those who are qualified and have per-
m&sion of the Exalted Cyclops He shall ob-
232 f rom time' to time the outside premises
%% the Klavern to see that no eavesdroppers
I other persons are around, who are liable
obtain information or knowledge concerning
Xe acts or procedure of the klonklave He shall
- «n case leave his post of duty unless sum-
SoSed ?herrfrom by the Exalted Cyclops, and
Sren then, a substitute must be placed in his
Sead to watch until his return He shall
perform such other duties as may be required
SI him by the Exalted Cyclops, the Kloran

the bv-laws of his Klan.
an fec£o« 10. NIGHT HAWK: The >ffig
Hawk is the special courier of -the Exalted
Cyclops. He shall have charge of and shall ^
entertain the candidate or candidates in the .
outer den of the klavern until he is signalled
to enter the klavern at the beginning of the
ceremony of naturalization. He shall carry
the Fiery Cross in the ceremony and on all pub-
lic exhibitions where same is used and shall
perform such other - duties as may be ^

Exalted Cyclopt « -

Klan.

„ ■ •

* ■ s t * . ■

Section 11. KLOKANN: The Klokann is
the Board of Auditors, Advisors and Trustees,
and the investigating committee of the Klan.
It shall be composed of three members, each
of whom shall bear the title of "Klokan." ,It
shall be their duty to audit the books and
records of the Kligrapp and the Klabee in the
month of June each year, and oftener if so
required by the Klan in writing. They shall
see that all paraphernalia, regalia and other
property of the Klan and of this Order is
properly kept, and shall perform such other
duties as may be required of them by the Ex-
alted Cyclops and the by-laws of their Klan.
Said Klokann may select such assistants as
in their judgment seems necessary.

Section 12. An officer of a Klan who allows
himselt to get in arrears for three months,
or who absents himself from three consecu-
tive klonklaves without a providential excuse,
or who fails to master his part of the kloranic
work within sixty days after he is placed in
office, shall forfeit all rights, prerogatives and
honors of his office; the Exalted Cyclops must
declare his office vacant and will at once ap-
point a successor thereto. If the Exalted Cy-
clops shall be guilty of negligence as above,
the Klan in- klonklave .shall demand his res-

, j ttV pH by Wm or not,
Wion and whether tjgg^ sucessor at
i pv chali proceed to eiec^ fc presen t

ST following H-Jjgl In^take up his du-
to apologize to the iviu

ties of office. , Dra gon or the Great

Section 13. The Grand ura* remove any
Titn shall have the power causC)
officer of a local Klan iot ^ Trlbu .

immediately report said jemo be tQ

S of the Realm, whose ^7 rf hi

immediately pass on w» haU ceed

act. If he is sustained the jw rem0 ved; if
to elect a successor to tne ff . removed re-
he is not sustained the orr . r

sumes the duties of his off ice. ^ aniza -
Realms that taJP- ^SJ^SS this^ower
tions. In all other ?« rl ^ lt - d who sha ll re-
is vested i« /he imperial W "gj^^ for re .
port same to *e Imperial ^ ^ forth _
view in the same manner as

OFFENSES AND PENALTIES.

Article XX.
Section 1. Offenses against disorder ^
be divided into two classes— major offenses
and minor offenses.

Section 2. Major offenses shall consist of
(1) treason against the United States of
America; (2) violating the oath of allegiance
to this Order or any supplementary oath or
obligation thereof; (3) Disrespect of virtuous
womanhood; (4) violation of the Constitution
or the laws of this Order; conspiring against
the interest and prosperity of this Order or
any Klansman in any way or being a party
thereto, or being a party to any move, con-
spiracy or organization whose existence is
antagonistic or injurious to or is an imitation
of this Order; whose name, style or title is a
colorable imitation of this Order; swearing
allegiance to or otherwise becoming a citizen
or subject of any nation, government or in-
stitution of any nature or classification what-
soever, or any ruler or potentate, prince or
person of any court whatever that is foreign
to or is inimical to the government of the
United States of America and its established
institutions, or aiding or abetting such a gov-
ernment, nation, institution, ruler, poten-
tate prince or person, against the in-
terest, well-being or dignity of the United
states of America or the distinctive institu-
tions of its government; violating the by-laws
of a Klan of this Order; excessive or habit-

74
or refusal to surrender his credentials when
called for by the Exalted Cyclops.

Section 4. PENALTIES: All offenses enu-
merated above under the head of major of-
fenses shall be tried and penalties assessed
by the Tribunal hereinafter provided for. All
offenses enumerated as minor offenses shall be
heard and determined and penalties assessed
by the Exalted Cyclops of the Klan. Penalties
shall be of four classes, as follows: 1. Rep-
rimand; 2, Suspension; 3, Banishment; 4.
Extreme Penalty— banishment forever, and
there shall be added thereto complete ostracism
in any and all things by each and every mem-
ber of this Order.

Section 5. A member who fails to respect
the penalty imposed on another member shall
receive the same penalty as if he himself were
guilty of that offense.

Section 6. All charges against a Klans-
man, involving a major offense under the Con-
stitution and Laws of the Knights of the Ku
Kiux Klan shall be in writing, specifying the
acts complained of, which shall be submitted
to the Klokann of the Klan of which the ac-
cused is a member, or in whose jurisdiction
the offense was committed.

76

Section 7. Upon the filing of such charges
the Klokann shall consider and investigate
the same and take action thereon within thirty
days from the time such charges are filed. The
Klokann shall determine the sufficiency of the
charges presented and the advisability of a
trial as herein provided, and their action on
such charges shall be final.

If the judgment of the Klokann _ is not
unanimous^ then the decision of a majority of
the Klokann, when approved by the Lxaltea
Cyclops, shall be final.

Section 8. Upon the filing of such charges
the Klokann shall have the right in its dis-
Setion, through the Exalted Cyclops to sus-
pend the aceused during the period of in-
vestigation of such charges or until his acquit-
tal (if trial is ordered).

If in the opinion of the Klokann, the
charges presented constitute a minor offense
as herein denned, the same shall be. referred
to the Exalted Cyclops for such action as he
shall deem proper.

Section 9. If the Klokann shall order a
trial of the accused, the charges and specifi-
_v_n u„ miMieViArl in regular kion-

tauuuu —

klave by the Klaliff.

77

Section 10. The Exalted Cyclopr shall in
such event set the date of the trial which shaH

?tS^a: a ? d ? haH se ™e the accused with
a copy of the indictment or charges not less

tha " £ d fi yS b , ef ,° r £, the date of the trial
Section 11 (a) The accused shall be tried

^^/r Tr | bUna t^ ected as follow The
S ! d £ yc ° PS ', Klaliff ' Klokard and Kludd
shall each select from the membership in iood
standmg six Klansmen whose names Sail
be placed m some suitable receptacle and from
this receptacle the Kladd, wearinjj a
wink, shall withdraw eight names and the r e

Tribuffi wW S Sn J men Sha11 "he"
Dulsorv T?«C L attendance a t the trial is com-
pulsory, in the event anv one or mnw r.f

sixteen Klansmen thus selected s&ll fail to
appear that number which do appear ma?

ttSTtSt SSL body

sss off «

££h "mediately vacate his office and he shall
remain out of office until the case aeainst

fcff aS? ad i ud j« a ted. In such evtft the
SS ^ a11 inune d>ately assume the office
duties and resnnnsihiii+ia., ~t tt. ..: Z.. , ~ '

orH =hall appoint a Klaliff. The Klaliff in
C ^ P ?esp^shan P be n Exalted Cyclops in fact
aU /the one appointed by him to the office
^ d -K-1aliff shall be Klaliff in fact until the
against the Exalted Cyclops is finally ad-
^Tcated. In event the Exalted Cyclops so
3 U ?,VS [ shall have been found guilty and duly
a ^al?zed he acting Exalted Cyclops and
^latiff shall remain in their respect^ offices
JSSS the end of the term, or until he shall
Sve been reinstated. In the event charges
r? e preferred against a Terror of a Han he
Shall vacate his office immediately and shall
Remain out of office until the case against him
l££ been finally adjudicated. Immediately
5pon his vacating office, the Exalted Cyclops
shall appoint a substitute thereto and this
SSbstitute shall act in this office until the
case against the Terror in question has been
finally adjudicated. In the event the Terror
in question is convicted and penalized, the
substitute in his former office shall become the
Terror in fact of that office unless or until
the said Terror shall have been reinstated.
In the event the Exalted Cyclops or any
Terror of the Klan is accused and tried and
acquitted, such Exalted Cyclops or Terror
shall immediately resume his former office and

proceed with the affairs of his office as be-

Section 12 Such Tribunal shall select one
of their number as Triton, who shall preside!

Skfn°fcS T S ° r . lbe ' and the dnt * of the Scribe
SSL ft t0 . m f ke a record of the Proceedings,
write the testimony of witnesses, or cause
same to be done by a competent Klansman
stenographer. Said Tribunal shall have au

222F# an P °^ 6r t0 issue a summons di-
rected to any Klansman, commanding him to

appear and give testimony for or against the

and to render judgment in conformity with

du!ed aWS ° rder and the evidence « d -

m»w!S *f ♦• The Tribunal and the accused
v«tLf 8ke te ! tlm 1 ony touching the issues in-
volved, except where Klan secrets and secret

of ? e KIa * involved b y hS
terrogatories and cross interrogatories first
giving either party timely noticf thSSf , and
such evidence when so taken may be received

Sh?S. in th 6886 " d ma ^ b ~

Section 14. On the date set for trial th*
accused shall be required to be present" n per!
son or by counsel (who shall be a Klansman

in good standing), Providence alone Prevent-
ing; and in the event of his failure or refusal
to be present or represented by counsel the
said Tribunal shall select a member m good
Sanding in that Klan as counsel for the de-
fence and proceed with the case and hear
proof touching his guilt or innocence and ren-
der its decision in accordance with the laws
of this Order and the evidence adduced at
such trial ; and said Tribunal in rendering its
dedsion shall find whether or not service of
the charges has been made upon the accused
and notife of the time and place of hearing
nas been given to the defendant. Service
of the time and place of the trial of
the accused shall be made upon him in per-
son or by registered letter, and a return card
from the postoffice showing delivery thereof
to such Klansman, coupled with an affidavit
from the Night Hawk of such Klan to the ef-
fect that a copy of the charges or indictment
and a notice to the accused Klansman, speci-
fying the time and place of trial, was placed
in a letter in an evelope with proper postage
and directed to such Klansman at his last
known address, shall constitute service and no-
tice on such Klansman.

the charges presented. pertinent to

fhf p ^ ltan or his representadv" ' f

at the conclusion of the arguments all mU™.

Slip* a "

Buuty, the tribunal shall assess the penalty

to be imposed and the Exalted Cyclops shall
enforce the same, and such judgment shall
be published by the Klaliff at the next regular
klonklave.

Section 20. If the accused shall be acquit-
ted, the Exalted Cyclops shall be notified
thereof and such acquittal shall be published
by the Klaliff at the next regular klonklave.

Section 21. If the tribunal is unable to reach
a decision as herein provided, then such tribu-
nal shall be discharged, another tribunal com-
posed altogether of different members from
the former tribunal shall be created as herein
provided, who shall proceed to try the case
as herein set forth.

eyewatchingu

MC ( Motorcycle group bi-laws aka mom and pop) General Rules

If anyone breaks general rules, The President will deal with them and/or voted by the members

1. Iron Skull Outlaw MC, will be your only active Crew. Any knowledge of you being active in another Crew/MC will get an automatic termination of colors. This is the main rule, if you want to be a part of this organization, prove it, show it, always wear your colors!!!

2. No explosives of any kind will be thrown into the fire where there is one or more Iron Skull Outlaw in the area. FINE: Ass whipping and subject to the executive board.

3. Brother shall not fight each other with weapons; when any Iron Skull Outlaw fights another Iron Skull Outlaw, it is one on one, prospects same as members.breaking above rule or possible loss of patch.

4. If you don't help out the Club in its activities and you use the Club solely for your benefit, you will be warned. No second chance.

5. Do as you say or walk the line.

6. Any Iron Skull Outlaw losing privilege of wearing colors will also lose privilege of voting and ruling over prospects.

7. The treasurer shall keep a clear record of all money paid in and out during the week and will balance it before every meeting; the books will be gone over once a week.

8. All Iron Skull Outlaw fines will be paid within 30 days. Fines will be paid to the treasurer.

9. Members with extra parts will loan them to members. They must be replaced or paid for.

10. If you get busted and or go to jail, notify an officer or member so he can arrange for your bail.

11. Each patch holder/prospect is required to maintain a valid motor vehicle license, which includes the authorization to operate motorcycle.

12. Everyone must have an American bike. Consideration will be give to any member who is in between bikes but he must sincerely intend to get another bike in the near future. (Example: Western Bagger, Western Daemon or an LCC Hexor

13. If for some reason, such as a license suspension, a member can't ride on the road for a long period of time, or if he is without a bike for a short time, he will turn in his patch and upon getting back on the road, the patch will be returned.

14. If a member's bike is not running for a period of thirty days, unless he is in jail or hospital, his colors will be confiscated. A member's bike must be running for at least one week (e.g., not fifteen minutes), to be exempt from the above rule. This period is subject to change at the discretion of the executive board. This is a MOTORCYCLE CLUB!

15. Absolutely no talking about Club business to persons outside the Club. No talking about Club business over any telephone.

16. If you are told you are too drunk to drive, you will turn over your keys to a brother. You and your scooter will be taken care of.

17. If the Road Captain or an Officer determines your bike is unsafe to ride, you are grounded until it is safe.

18. During funeral runs, no one will pack a passenger, patch must be seen.

19. Club Meetings are Manditory, you will be notified in advance, Miss 3 and you are gone.

20. All Club vehicles will be returned in good condition. Maintenance will be done under the supervision of the maintenance supervisor; a patch holder designated by the Road Captain.

21. Prospect will watch all bikes when members are at Club functions, in bars, and anywhere the senior member present deems necessary.

22. There will be a Club run on any day of the week once a week. Whoever picks the run route will lead the pack.


Meetings

1. One organized meeting per month.

2. Majority rules.

3. If a vote is taken at a meeting and a member is not there, his vote is void.

4. Meetings will be closed except for prospective members and anyone there on business.

5. All meetings will be run on a parliamentary basis. Members will be evicted for unruly conduct.

6. Quorum for a meeting is sixty percent of membership and eighty percent for membership votes.

7. Everyone will attend the meeting on his bike if it is favorable weather, unless his bike is broken down or not running at the time.  If the club calls a ride/meeting, all members will attend. If a member is working, sick, bike not running, he will be excused.

8. Members must have colors with him when attending meetings.

9. Members must be of sound mine (straight) when attending meetings.

10. If a member attends a meeting and is fouled-up, he will be FINED.

11. There will be absolutely no booze or weapons consumed during meetings.

12. During a meeting there will be no talking among members until they get the floor through the president. A sergeant-at-arms, if not present, will be appointed and anyone not abiding by the above will be evicted.

13. Miss three (3) meetings in a row without good reasoning and you're out of the club.

14. Members must attend meetings to leave club and turn in his colors and everything that has the name IRON SKULL OUTLAW on it (T-shirts, wrist bands, mugs, etc.).

15. If a member is thrown out of the club or quits without attending meetings, he loses his colors, motorcycle, and anything else that says Devils Breed on it, and probably an ass kicking.


RULES AND REGULATIONS

The rules of the club will be strictly enforced. If anyone breaks them, executive board will deal them with. If these rules and regulations are broken, it could mean either immediate dismissal or suspension, whatever the PRESIDENT sees fit.

Breaking any of the following Rules will be reason for immediately kick-out from club and probably an Ass Kicking:

1. Failure to pay his dues according to the section dealing with the paying of dues.

2. If any brother gets hooked on any drug that is dangerous to the club he will be helped first. Then he will be dealt by the executive board.

3. No narcotics burn. When making deals, persons get what they are promised or the deal is called off (Automatic kick-out from club).

4. If you're selling dope you don't do it as a club member, you don't wear your colors, you don't wear your club T-shirts (Automatic kick-out from club).

5. There will be no stealing among members. Anyone caught will get an ass kicking and be kicked out of the club (Automatic kick-out from club).

6. If a patch holder or prospect throws his colors or quits, colors are pulled (Automatic kick-out from club).

7. Members Must Remain Active in The MC, There Will Be No Tolerance For MC Hopping. This one will remain ACTIVE, or you are OUT!.

8. If a group or individual attacks any member, the whole club shall stand behind him and fight if necessary. If, however, the member is drunk and aggressive and purposely starts an argument, the rest of the members will escort him away, or step between before trouble starts.

9. No member will disgrace the club by being yellow. (The above rules will be put forward to applicants. If they cannot abide by these rules and are not in favor of them, they will be denied membership to the club.)

10. No member will destroy club property purposely.

11. No member will take the attitude that he doesn't have to help other members and other members don't have to help him

12. No member will go against anything the club has voted for and passed.

13. No member will get together on their own and plan something for themselves on club rides. It will be brought up to the whole club and the whole club will participate in anything that is decided upon.

14. The club will always stay together on rides, runs, parties, field meets etc. and will not fraternize with club's rival clubs. The only way a member will be permitted to leave the main group will be to notify the president or whoever is in charge. When the time comes that the majority feels it is time to leave, we will all leave together. Anyone staying behind for a good reason will do so at his own risk and can expect no help.

15. Members will have good attendance. Members must have a good reason for not attending meetings or rides, such as working, sickness, no transportation, and bike not running.

Colors

1. President gets colors from mother club in area when new member is voted in.

2. When a member leaves club, member turns over colors to president of chapter.

3. Respect your colors; don't let anyone take them from you except the president of the chapter; always wear them on the back of your shirt, jacket or at least have the brand (MC Tattoo), showing at all times..

4. No colors are worn in a cage, except during funerals and loading or unloading a bike from a truck.

5. No hippie shit on the front.

6. Nothing will be worn on the back of your jacket except colors.

7. Colors must be worn at all times when riding or at Club functions. Only one of your brothers or your OL' lady can babysit your colors. Colors are not required to be worn to and from employment if not allowed by employer. If patch is lost or stolen, patch holder will be judged by court.

8. The only way a member of Iron Skull Outlaw can retire and keep his patch is if local officers authorize him. Minimum time for retirement is 5 years

eyewatchingu

@Alvin you are so right in many ways. Let me show you something. Here is the NAACP Bi Laws, Read them closely, I will also be posting the bi laws of a few 1%er biker gangs and a bi laws from a few other gangs. What you and we are all seeing here in Killeen, is a city that has been bleed to death by special interest groups. I have a feeling that the City of Killeen hands got tied when the NAACP and a few groups got involved in something that happened here in the city. The city is basically being blacked mailed by these special interest groups.
I also want to know what the cost of each committee they set up and sit on. It seems they are banking off of money they are making off of all these many committee community groups, from the audit group on down and each one of the sitting council members have family and friends sitting on these committees as well, which is also a violation that I will go into later.

Constitution of the NAACP


[Effective October 2016] i
CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
ARTICLE I NAME ..................................................................................................1

ARTICLE II OBJECTIVES ......................................................................................1

ARTICLE III ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE .................................................2

1. (Units) ............................................................................................2 2. (NAACP Regions) .........................................................................2 3. (Official Publication) .....................................................................2 4. (Official Fundraising Arm) ............................................................2

ARTICLE IV MEMBERSHIP....................................................................................2

1. (Qualifications) ..............................................................................2 2. (Categories of Membership) ..........................................................3 3. (Indemnification)…………………………………………………3

ARTICLE V GOVERNANCE ..................................................................................3

1. (Board of Directors) .......................................................................3 2. (Composition) ................................................................................4 3. (Qualification) ................................................................................5 4. (Term of Office) .............................................................................5 5. (Compensation) ..............................................................................5 6. (Meetings) ......................................................................................5 7. (Vacancies) ....................................................................................6

ARTICLE VI OFFICERS ...........................................................................................7

1. (Composition) ................................................................................7 2. (Qualification) ................................................................................7 3. (Term of Office) .............................................................................7 4. (Vacancies) ....................................................................................7 5. (Officers Pro Tem) .........................................................................7

Constitution of the NAACP

TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
Page

[Effective October 2016] ii
ARTICLE VII DUTIES OF OFFICERS OF ASSOCIATION ....................................8

1. (Chair) ............................................................................................8 2. (Vice-Chair) ...................................................................................8 3. (President and CEO) ......................................................................8 4. (Treasurer)......................................................................................8 5. (Assistant Treasurer) ......................................................................9 6. (Secretary) ......................................................................................9 7. (Assistant Secretary) ......................................................................9

ARTICLE VIII COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS ........................9

1. (Executive Committee) ..................................................................9 2. (ACT-SO Committee) ..................................................................11 3. (Audit Committee) .......................................................................11 4. (Convention Planning Committee) ..............................................12 5. (Finance Committee) ...................................................................12 6. (Image Awards Committee) .........................................................13 7. (Legal Committee) .......................................................................13 8. (Membership and Units Committee) ...........................................13 9. (Advocacy and Policy Committee) ..............................................14 10. (Religious Affairs Committee) ....................................................15 11. (National Youth Work Committee) .............................................15

ARTICLE IX CONVENTION .................................................................................17

1. (Purpose of the Convention) ........................................................17 2. (Board of Directors Ratification of Convention Resolutions) .................................................................................17 3. (Representation) ...........................................................................18 4. (Election of Delegates) ................................................................19 5. (Participation by Delegates) .........................................................19 6. (Convention Registration) ............................................................20 7. (Chairman of Plenary and Legislative Sessions) .........................20 8. (Convention Agenda) ...................................................................20 9. (Structure of Convention) ............................................................20 10. (Annual Elections Supervisory Committee) ................................24 11. (Nomination of Candidates for Board of Directors) ....................24 12. (Election of Board of Directors Member by Convention) ...........26 13. (Concerning Election by the Board of Directors) ........................27
Constitution of the NAACP

TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
Page

[Effective October 2016] iii
ARTICLE X EXPULSION, SUSPENSION OR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS ..............................................................................27

1. (Removal of Elected Officers and Members of Board of Directors) .....................................................................................27 2. (Removal of Officers of Units) ....................................................27 3. (Removal of Members) ................................................................28 4. (Automatic Revocation of Membership) .....................................29 5. (Filing of Complaint) ...................................................................29 6. (Notice of Complaint and Answer) ..............................................30 7. (National Office Review and Investigation) ................................31 8. (Hearing Procedure) .....................................................................31 9. (Notice of Findings and Action of the Board of Directors) .........31 10. (Action by the Board of Directors) ..............................................32

ARTICLE XI SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION OF CHARTER .....................32

ARTICLE XII INDEMNIFICATION........................................................................32

1. (Persons Covered) ........................................................................32 2. (Limitation; Notice) .....................................................................32

ARTICLE XIII ANNUAL MEETING ........................................................................33

ARTICLE XIV NOTICE TO MEMBERSHIP............................................................33

ARTICLE XV SEVERABILITY OF PROVISIONS ................................................33

ARTICLE XVI AMENDMENTS ...............................................................................33

1. (Board of Directors) .....................................................................33 2. (General Membership) .................................................................33

ARTICLE XVII RATIFICATION................................................................................34
Constitution of the NAACP


[Effective October 2016] 1
CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE
PREAMBLE
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hereinafter referred to as the “NAACP” or the “Association,” was founded on the beliefs embodied in the Constitution of the United States of America. We support democracy, dignity and freedom.
Members of the NAACP, in keeping with the charge of our founders, stand against all forms of injustice.
The United States of America, built by us all, belongs to all of us. The repayment for our labor is equity and justice for all.
The NAACP will continue to fight for justice until all, without regard to race, gender, creed or religion enjoy equal status.
NAACP VISION STATEMENT
The vision of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is to ensure a society in which all individuals have equal rights and there is no racial hatred or racial discrimination.
NAACP MISSION STATEMENT
The mission of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination.
ARTICLE I NAME
The name of this Corporation shall be the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Inc.
ARTICLE II OBJECTIVES
The principal objectives of the Association shall be to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of all citizens; to achieve equality of rights and eliminate race prejudice among the citizens of the United States; to remove all barriers of racial discrimination
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through democratic processes; to seek enactment and enforcement of federal, state and local laws securing civil rights; to inform the public of the adverse effects of racial discrimination and to seek its elimination; to educate persons as to their constitutional rights and to take all lawful action to secure the exercise thereof, and to take any other lawful action in furtherance of these objectives, consistent with the NAACP’s Articles of Incorporation and this Constitution.
ARTICLE III ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
1. (Units)
The NAACP shall consist of duly organized State/State-Area Conferences, Branches, Prison Branches, Young Adult Councils, College Chapters, Youth Councils, Junior Youth Councils, High School Chapters and Authorized Committees of the Association (hereinafter collectively referred to as “Units,” as described in the Bylaws for Units), that are chartered by the Board of Directors of the Association and in good standing according to the policies and procedures determined by the Board of Directors from time to time.
2. (NAACP Regions)
The Association shall be divided into seven geographical Regions as set forth in Article IX(9)(a) of this Constitution for the purpose of electing representatives to the Board of Directors and to various committees of the Annual Convention. These Regions shall be in legislative session at the Annual Convention only.
3. (Official Publication)
The Association shall have an official publication known as The Crisis, published by Crisis Publishing Company, Inc.
4. (Official Fundraising Arm)
The Association shall have an official fundraising arm known as the NAACP Foundation.
ARTICLE IV MEMBERSHIP
1. (Qualifications)
Any person in accord with the principles and policies of the Association may become a member with the consent of the Board of Directors. Such person shall become a member by agreeing to abide by the rules and policies of the Association and the decisions of the Board of

Constitution of the NAACP
[Effective October 2016] 3
Directors and by paying in advance the annual membership fee established by the Board of Directors.
2. (Categories of Membership)
The Board of Directors shall have the power to create or discontinue categories of membership and establish such fees as it may deem desirable from time to time, and to issue appropriate certificates of membership.
3. (Indemnification)
A member who commences or assists in the commencement of any external action, suit or proceeding (whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative) against the Association or any Unit thereof, or against any director, officer, employee or member of the Association or Unit thereof with respect to matters concerning the internal operations of the Association, violates the policy of the Association and shall have his or her membership automatically revoked under such processes as the Board of Directors may establish.
A member or Unit that commences any external action, suit or proceeding against the Association or any Unit thereof, or against any director, officer, employee or member of the Association or any Unit thereof with respect to matters concerning the internal operations of the Association, shall indemnify the Association, the Unit, and all directors, officers, employees and members of the Association and Unit, for all costs and attorney fees incurred in connection with defending against such external action, suit or proceeding, irrespective of the outcome of such action, suit or proceeding. In any action brought by the Association to recover such costs and attorney fees, the member or Unit involved consents to the personal jurisdiction of any state or federal court in Baltimore, Maryland, and agrees that any litigation concerning the recovery of such costs and attorney fees shall be brought in a state or federal court in Baltimore, Maryland.

ARTICLE V GOVERNANCE
1. (Board of Directors)
The management and governance of the Association shall be vested in a Board of Directors. Without limiting the foregoing, the Board of Directors shall have full power and authority to:
a. Establish all major administrative and other policies governing the affairs of the Association.
b. Designate and/or elect all officers of the Association.

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[Effective October 2016] 4
c. Fill all vacancies in the offices of the Association and unexpired terms of the Board of Directors as specified in Section 7 of this Article.
d. Acquire, own, manage, invest and dispose of property, both real and personal, stock, certificates and securities or otherwise, in the name of the Association.
e. Create Standing Committees as prescribed in Article VIII of this Constitution.
f. Create and dissolve such special committees of the Board of Directors as it considers advisable to carry out the purposes of the Association. Such special committees deemed no longer necessary shall be dissolved.
g. Create from time to time such regions, divisions, departments or bureaus of the Association as it may deem advisable to carry out the objectives of the Association.
h. Establish such Units of the Association in such places and under such conditions as it sees fit. Each Unit shall be administered under a charter granted to it by the Board of Directors and in accordance with this Constitution.
i. Establish such personnel rules and policies as may be required for the successful administration of the Association.
j. Set membership fees and categories of membership.
k. Cause an Annual Convention to be held at such time and place as it may designate and consider resolutions adopted therefrom.
l. Cause an annual meeting of the Board of Directors to be held in accordance with this Constitution.
m. Perform such other acts as may be necessary to carry out the responsibilities and duties imposed on it by this Constitution.
2. (Composition)
The Board of Directors shall not exceed sixty-four (64) members, of whom twenty-one (21) shall be elected from the seven (7) Regions, three (3) from each Region; seven (7) shall be elected from the Youth Councils, Junior Youth Councils, High School Chapters, Young Adult Councils and College Chapters, one (1) from each Region; twenty-one (21) shall be elected at large; twelve (12) shall be elected by the Board of Directors; and three (3) shall be elected bythe Annual Convention. The Chair of the National Youth Work Committee shall serve as an exofficio, non-voting member on the Board of Directors.
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3. (Qualification)
Any member in good standing with the Association, who has been a bona fide member for at least 180 calendar days prior to the date nominations are made, and who has not been an employee of the Association or any of its Units during the two-year period prior to the date nominations are made shall be eligible to be nominated, elected and serve on the Board of Directors.
4. (Term of Office)
a. Regional, At-Large, Board of Directors, Annual Convention. All directors except those elected exclusively by Youth Units shall serve three-year terms. No member elected by either the Region or the Board of Directors may be elected for more than four (4) consecutive three-year terms; any member who has been elected for four (4) consecutive terms shall not be eligible for nomination and election by the Region or the Board of Directors until one year following the expiration of his or her four (4) consecutive three-year terms (12 years). However, any such member shall be eligible for nomination and election as an atlarge or convention candidate.
b. Youth Regional. The seven (7) members elected exclusively by Youth Units shall serve two-year terms. No such member may be elected for more than two (2) consecutive two-year terms. In no event shall such a member serve beyond his/her 25th birthday.
5. (Compensation)
The Directors shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed for necessary out- of-pocket expenses at the discretion of the Board of Directors.
6. (Meetings)
a. Regular Meetings. There shall be four regular meetings annually of the Board of Directors at a place designated by the Board of Directors to be held on the third Saturday in February, the third Saturday in May, the third Saturday in October, or such other times as decided from time to time by the Board of Directors, and on a day during the Annual Convention, as designated by the Board of Directors at a place as may be decided by the Board of Directors.
b. Special Meetings. A special meeting of the Board of Directors may be called by the Chair at any time and shall be called by the President and CEO and held within ten (10) calendar days after his/her receipt of a written demand from any fifteen (15) members of the Board of Directors. The object of such meeting must be stated in the demand and in the notice thereof, and the business transacted in the meeting shall be limited to the objective so stated.
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[Effective October 2016] 6
c. Notice. The Chair of the Board of Directors shall give the members of the Board of Directors thirty (30) calendar days written notice of its regular meetings and three (3) business days written notice of any special meeting.
d. Quorum. The presence of one-half (½) of the voting membership of the Board of Directors shall constitute a quorum and the act of a majority of the voting members present at a meeting at which there is a quorum shall be the act of the full membership. In absence of a quorum, or when a quorum is present, a meeting may be adjourned from time to time by a vote of a majority of the voting members present without notice other than by announcement at the meeting and without further notice to any absent member. At any adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present, any business may be transacted which might have been transacted at the meeting as originally notified.
e. In the event that the provisions herein do not address a specific procedural question during any Board meeting, the latest edition of Robert’s Rules of Order shall apply
7. (Vacancies)
a. By Region. In the case of a vacancy among those Directors elected by the Region, an interim replacement shall be elected by the majority vote of a committee comprised of the State/State-Area Conference Presidents in the Region in which the vacancy occurs. The President and CEO of the Association shall convene a meeting of such committee within thirty (30) calendar days after the vacancy has occurred for the purpose of filling such vacancy. The person so elected shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term.
b. By Youth Units. In the case of a vacancy among those Directors elected by Youth Units in a Region, an interim replacement shall be elected by the majority vote of a committee comprised of the Regional National Youth Work Committee representative and the State/State-Area Youth and College Chapter Presidents. The National Youth Work Committee representative will serve as an ex-officio member of the committee. The President and CEO of the Association shall convene a meeting of such committee within thirty (30) calendar days after the vacancy has occurred for the purpose of filling such vacancy. The person so elected shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term.
c. By At-Large, by Convention and by Board of Directors. Any vacancy occurring during the year among those directors elected by at-large, by the Annual Convention or by the Board of Directors itself, may be filled by the Board of Directors at any regular meeting of the Board of Directors, provided thirty (30) calendar days notice is given the Board of Directors membership that such action is to be taken at such meeting. The person so elected shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term.
Constitution of the NAACP
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ARTICLE VI OFFICERS
1. (Composition)
The Officers of the Association shall include a Chair of the Board of Directors, a Vice Chair, a Treasurer, an Assistant Treasurer, a Secretary who shall serve as General Counsel of the Association, a President who shall serve as Chief Executive Officer of the Association (hereinafter, “President” or “President and CEO”), an Assistant Secretary and such other officers as the Board of Directors from time to time may designate and elect.
2. (Qualification)
The Chair, Vice Chair, Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, and Assistant Treasurer must be members of the Board of Directors. These Officers shall be elected by the Board of Directors at the first meeting of the Board of Directors after the Annual Meeting.
3. (Term of Office)
The Chair, Vice Chair, Treasurer, Assistant Treasurer and Assistant Secretary shall be elected for a term of two (2) years, unless the Board of Directors shall, by resolution passed at the time of the particular election, order a shorter term. No member shall hold more than one office at a time. All of these Officers shall take office immediately after their election, and they shall serve their respective terms of office until their respective successors shall be elected and qualified. The President and CEO and Secretary shall serve, without a vote, during their respective terms of employment with the Association as President and CEO and General Counsel respectively.
4. (Vacancies)
In case of a vacancy in an elected office of the Board of Directors, the Board of Directors shall elect a successor who shall serve for the unexpired portion of the term, or in the case of disability, until the disability ceases.
5. (Officers Pro Tem)
If at any meeting of the Association, the Board of Directors or the Executive Committee, the designated presiding officer is absent, an officer pro tem shall be elected by majority vote of the members present.
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ARTICLE VII DUTIES OF OFFICERS OF ASSOCIATION
1. (Chair)
The Chair shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors, the Executive Committee and the Association. The Chair of the Board of Directors shall be an official spokesperson of the Association. Between meetings of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee, the Chair shall have overall control of the policy and supervision of the Association, with full authority over the Association, subject to such limitations as the Board of Directors may from time to time impose. The Chair shall appoint all committees of the Association not elected directly by the Board of Directors, including the eleven (11) non-officer members of the Executive Committee. All such committee appointments shall be subject to ratification by majority vote of the Board of Directors. The Chair shall be an ex-officio member of all committees other than the Nominating Committee.
2. (Vice-Chair)
The Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors shall assume and perform all of the duties and functions of the Chair in the latter’s absence, disability or unavailability as defined by the Board of Directors.
3. (President and CEO)
The President and CEO shall be the spokesperson for the Association with responsibility for all management functions. He/she shall manage and direct all activities of the Association as prescribed by the Board of Directors, shall report to the Chair of the Board of Directors and shall be responsible and accountable to the Board of Directors. He/she shall employ and may terminate the employment of the staff as is necessary to carry out the work of the Association and set their compensation within the rewards strategy adopted by the Board of Directors; provided however, that the General Counsel and the Chief Financial Officer shall be terminated only with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors.
4. (Treasurer)
The Treasurer shall be the Chair of the Finance Committee and the Chief Fiscal Officer of the Association. He/she may require regular reports on the finances of the Association and from all divisions, Units, departments and bureaus thereof and may inspect the books and audit the accounts thereof. He/she shall render an account of the financial affairs of the Association to the Board of Directors at its regular meetings, or whenever it requires, and shall submit a report on the financial condition of the Association at its Annual Meeting. He/she shall discharge such other duties as may be prescribed by resolution of the Board of Directors.
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5. (Assistant Treasurer)
The Assistant Treasurer shall perform such duties as may be assigned by the Treasurer. In the absence of the Treasurer due to his or her death or inability to act, or in the event for any reason it shall be impracticable for the Treasurer to act personally, the Assistant Treasurer shall perform the duties of the Treasurer, and when so acting, shall have the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions placed upon the Treasurer. The Assistant Treasurer, in general, shall perform such duties and have such authority as shall from time to time be delegated or assigned by the Treasurer, the Chair or the Board of Directors.
6. (Secretary)
The Secretary shall be the custodian of the seal, the charter and amendments thereof, the bylaws and amendments, standing resolutions, all financial reports, all proceedings of the Board of Directors and its committees and the membership register. He/she shall affix the corporate seal to all papers requiring a seal. He/she shall discharge such other duties as may be prescribed by resolution of the Board of Directors.
7. (Assistant Secretary)
The Assistant Secretary shall perform such duties as may be assigned by the Secretary. In the absence of the Secretary due to his or her death or inability to act, or in the event for any reason it shall be impracticable for the Secretary to act personally, the Assistant Secretary shall perform the duties of the Secretary, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all of the restrictions placed upon the Secretary. The Assistant Secretary shall serve as Secretary to the Executive Committee. The Assistant Secretary, in general, shall perform such duties and have such authority as shall from time to time be delegated or assigned by the Chair or the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE VIII COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

The work of the Board of Directors shall be carried out through committees, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors.

All committees shall be chaired by Board members. The Chair of the Board of Directors shall recommend, subject to ratification by majority vote of the Board of Directors, all committee chairs and members.

The committees of the Board of Directors shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. (Executive Committee)
a. The Executive Committee shall consist of seventeen (17) members to include the Chair, Vice Chair, Treasurer, Assistant Secretary, Chair of the NAACP
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[Effective October 2016] 10
Foundation, Treasurer of the NAACP Foundation, one (1) youth board member, one (1) member from each of the seven (7) regions, and three (3) additional members. The eleven (11) additional members, all of whom must be members of the Board of Directors, shall be appointed by the Chair, subject to the approval of the Board.
b. The duties of the Executive Committee shall be to:
(1) decide all matters of policy as may arise between meetings of the Board of Directors, consistent with policy determinations established by the Board of Directors;
(2) hire and evaluate the job performance of the President and CEO;
(3) review, develop and update human resource policies and procedures; and
(4) in consultation with the President and CEO, develop a meeting agenda and ensure the production of necessary materials for Board of Directors meetings.
c. Qualifications of the Executive Committee
All members of the Executive Committee must be members of the Board of Directors, with the exception of the Chair and Treasurer of the NAACP Foundation.
d. Term of Office of Executive Committee
The Chair, Vice Chair, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary of the Board of Directors, and the Chair and Treasurer of the NAACP Foundation shall serve on the Executive Committee during their respective terms of office. Additional members appointed by the Chair of the Board of Directors shall serve for a term of one year.
e. Vacancies on Executive Committee
In case of a vacancy in a position held by one of the additional members appointed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors to the Executive Committee, the Chair of the Board of Directors shall appoint, subject to the ratification of the Board of Directors, a successor from among the members of the Board of Directors, who shall serve the unexpired portion of the term, or in the case of disability, until the disability ceases.
f. Meetings of Executive Committee
The Executive Committee shall meet between regular meetings of the Board of Directors a minimum of four (4) times per year on days to be determined by the
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Chair. Any meeting, including a conference telephone call, in which a quorum of members of the Executive Committee participate, shall constitute a proper meeting of the Executive Committee, provided that written notice of date and time for such meeting is transmitted to the members of the Executive Committee at least seven (7) calendar days prior to such meeting. A written report of its meeting shall be delivered at the next regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors and shall be subject to the ratification of the Board of Directors. The minutes of the Executive Committee meetings shall be kept at each of its meetings. A majority of the members of the Executive Committee shall constitute a quorum.
2. (ACT-SO Committee)
a. The Afro Academic Cultural Technological Scientific Olympics (hereinafter “ACT-SO”) Committee shall consist of a majority of Board members and may include non-Board member Trustees and members of the Association.
b. The duties of the ACT-SO Committee shall be to:
(1) recommend policies and guidelines for the Association’s ACT-SO program;
(2) provide oversight of the implementation of the ACT-SO program; and
(3) in consultation with the President and CEO, recommend annual work plans and resources to effectively implement the ACT-SO program.
3. (Audit Committee)
a. The Audit Committee shall consist of Board members and the Treasurer of the NAACP Foundation.
b. The duties of the Audit Committee shall be to:
(1) select an auditor;
(2) develop requests for audit proposals, review bids and recommend selection of an auditor to assess the financial operations of the Association;
(3) meet with the auditor to review audit processes and procedures and to make a final report;
(4) provide oversight of staff development of a bookkeeping and audit program to be used by Units of the Association; and
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(5) monitor, review and evaluate the internal controls, compliance with policies, financial accounts and records, funds expended or received or other fiscal function or activity of any program, unit or department of the Association as needed.
4. (Convention Planning Committee)
a. The Convention Planning Committee shall:
(1) provide oversight of the planning and programming for the National Convention in accordance with procedures established by the Board of Directors;
(2) ensure that all vendors, including hotels and transportation vendors practice equal opportunity; and
(3) select sites for the NAACP Annual Convention in consultation with the Time and Place Committee.
5. (Finance Committee)
a. The Finance Committee shall:
(1) ensure overall financial health and success of the Association by overseeing financial policies and procedures and budget-related decisions;
(2) provide oversight of the development of an annual budget for the Association to be adopted at the October Board of Directors Meeting;
(3) provide oversight of the development policies and procedures to ensure that the Association is performing within the parameters of the budget and that Association is not taking any undue financial risk(s);
(4) recommend financial guidelines to the Board of Directors for major expenditures or activities that have budget implications;
(5) ensure the Board receives accurate and timely financial reports and statements;
(6) recommend investment policy;
(7) recommend the fundraising strategies and activities of the Association; and
(8) provide oversight of the Compensation and Reimbursement Subcommittee.
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b. There will be a Compensation/Reimbursement Subcommittee that shall review and approve all reimbursements for expenses incurred on behalf of the Association by the President and CEO and the members of the Board of Directors.
6. (Image Awards Committee)
a. The Image Awards Committee shall provide oversight of planning and programming of the Annual Image Awards Program in accordance with procedures established by the Board of Directors.
7. (Legal Committee)
a. The Legal Committee shall:
(1) monitor and report on operations of the Office of the General Counsel;
(2) monitor and report on the corporate civil litigation of the Association;
(3) monitor and report on the civil rights litigation of the Association;
(4) provide oversight of the development of strategies for civil rights advocacy for the Association;
(5) monitor and report on developments in the area of civil rights law;
(6) review and recommend corporate interest/risk management policies and procedures; and
(7) provide oversight of the development by the President and CEO of policy, tactics and strategies for the maintenance and expansion of civil rights law.
8. (Membership and Units Committee)
a. The Membership and Units Committee shall:
(1) provide oversight of the administration of units, in compliance with the policies and procedures of the Association;
(2) make recommendations to the Board of Directors on the granting of charters for new Units of the Association;
(3) provide oversight of the development of an Association-wide program to increase membership;
(4) make recommendations to the Board of Directors on membership classification and fees;
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(5) provide oversight of all election procedures and processes of the units of the Association;
(6) provide oversight of the development of a unified Constitution and a Policy and Procedure Handbook for the Association;
(7) support the on-going work of the NAACP and its units; and
(8) provide oversight of training for all NAACP units and officers on the policies and procedures of the Association.
9. (Advocacy and Policy Committee)
a. The Advocacy and Policy Committee shall serve the purpose of recommending the civil rights advocacy agenda of the Association. Its duties shall be to recommend policy and advocacy proposals for consideration by the Board of Directors, and to provide oversight and coordinate the work of the Association’s policy committees.
b. In making appointments to the Advocacy and Policy Committee, the Board Chair shall take into consideration the expertise required in the policy areas addressed by the Association’s policy committees.
c. The policy committees of the Association consist of the following:
(1) Committee on Criminal Justice
(2) Committee on Economic Development
(3) Committee on Education
(4) Committee on Health
(5) Committee on Housing
(6) Committee on International Affairs
(7) Committee on Labor
(8) Committee on Political Action
d. All policy committee chairs shall be members of the Policy and Advocacy Committee.
e. The duties of the policy committees shall be to:
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(1) recommend to the Policy and Advocacy Committee policy, advocacy, and programmatic activities pertaining to civil rights concerns within their respective areas;
(2) provide oversight of implementation of the programs and policies of the Association within their respective areas;
(3) recommend policies to increase the advocacy capacity of the Association’s units within their respective areas;
(4) in consultation with the President and CEO, recommend annual work plans and resources to effectively implement the policies and programs within their respective areas.
10. (Religious Affairs Committee)
a. The Religious Affairs Committee shall:
(1) in consultation with the President and CEO, enlist the support of religious leaders to promote an educational program to give moral and ethical interpretation to the civil rights struggle as an integral part of accomplishing the mission of the Association;
(2) in consultation with the President and CEO, work with religious groups on the membership, fundraising and political empowerment activities of the Association; and
(3) in consultation with the President and CEO, recommend annual work plans and resources to effectively implement the policies and programs related to religious affairs.
11. (National Youth Work Committee)
a. The National Youth Work Committee shall:
(1) recommend to the Board of Directors policy, advocacy, and programmatic activities pertaining to the civil rights concerns of African American and other young people;
(2) provide oversight of the implementation of these programs and policies;
(3) recommend policies to increase the advocacy capacity of the Association’s youth units; and

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(4) in consultation with the President and CEO, recommend annual work plans and resources to effectively implement youth programs.
b. At the meeting following the election of new members at the Convention, the National Youth Work Committee shall convene, at a time and place to be printed in the Convention Program, for the purpose of electing a Chairman and Vice Chairman. The officers shall serve for a period of one year. The National Youth Work Committee Chairmanship, insofar as possible, shall be rotated among the Regions from year to year.
c. Between Conventions, the Committee shall advise and recommend to the programs and policies pertaining to the Youth Program to the Board of Directors. The Committee shall apprise the Board of Directors of the status of the NAACP Youth and make recommendations for the development of the Youth Program.
d. The Regional members of this Committee shall be elected by the Regions at the first Regional meeting at the Convention, and the names of the members shall be reported to the Convention at the next plenary session. Members so elected shall take office immediately following the close of the Convention and each shall serve a two-year term. Seven (7) adult members are to be elected in evennumbered years, and seven (7) youth members are to be elected in odd-numbered years. Within thirty (30) days of the election, the youth members of the National Youth Work Committee must provide to the Chairman of the Board of Directors proof of age. In no event shall a person seated as a youth member serve beyond his or her twenty-fifth (25) birthday.
e. The Committee shall meet three (3) times a year between Conventions. It may meet at the call of the Chairman during the Convention and thereafter.
f. In the case of a vacancy among those representatives elected by Youth Units in a Region, an interim replacement shall be elected by the majority vote of a committee comprised of the Regional Youth Representative to the Board of Directors and the State/State-Area Conference Youth and College Division Presidents. The President and CEO of the Association shall convene a meeting of such committee within thirty (30) calendar days after the vacancy has occurred for the purpose of filling such vacancy. The person so elected shall serve for the balance of the unexpired term.

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ARTICLE IX CONVENTION

1. (Purpose of the Convention)
The Annual Convention of the Association shall establish policies and programs of action for the ensuing year. All actions of the Convention on questions of policy and programs, which are not contrary to this Constitution, shall be binding on the Board of Directors, the Executive Committee, the Officers and all Units, except as hereinafter provided. No resolution for change of policy or program of action shall be in order unless it shall have been favorably voted upon at regular legislative meetings of a Unit in good standing, or has been submitted by the President and CEO. The resolutions for policy or program change must be certified by the President and the Secretary of the Unit, and received by the President and CEO in the National Office by May 1st, annually. The Convention shall act on all such proposed program or policy changes during its Legislative Sessions.


2. (Board of Directors Ratification of Convention Resolutions)
All actions of the Convention on matters of policy and programs, including referrals by the Convention to the Board of Directors, shall be considered by the Board of Directors at its next regular meeting, and the Board of Directors may disapprove of any such action by twothirds (2/3) vote of the members of the Board of Directors present and voting. Any Convention action thus disapproved by the Board of Directors shall then be submitted to a referendum before the Units, which shall vote on said matter and notify the President and CEO of their action within thirty (30) calendar days of receipt of the submission; and these referendum votes of Units shall be counted by the use of the scale of voting strength set forth in Section 3 of this Article.

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3. (Representation)
a. Representation of Units at the Annual Convention shall be on the following basis:

Unit Members

Voting Delegates
Youth Units from 25 to 49 2 Branches and Youth Units from 50
to
100
4
101 to 500 6 501 to 1,000 8 1,001 to 2,500 10 2,501 to 5,000 12 5,001 to 10,000 14 10,001 to 20,000 16 20,001 to 25,000 18 Over 25,000 1 Additional vote for every 2,500 members State/State-Area Conference 1 State/State-Area Conference Youth and College Division 1

b. Representation shall be based on the Unit membership which includes no more than 24 youth members as recorded in the National Office, ninety (90) calendar days prior to the opening date of each Annual Convention.
c. All voting at Annual Conventions must be by delegates present who have been duly elected as voting delegates by their Units. Voting may not be exercised by proxy.
d. Each Unit in good standing is entitled to elect a number of alternate delegates equal to the number of its voting delegates. Alternate delegates shall be permitted to vote in place of absent delegates.

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e. Members of the Board of Directors have voting privileges at National Annual Conventions.
4. (Election of Delegates)
a. Delegates to the Annual Conventions are elected by the Branches and Prison Branches at their regular monthly meetings prior to the Annual Convention.
b. Delegates representing State/State-Area Conferences shall be elected at the meeting of the State/State-Area Conference preceding the Annual Convention, or by special meeting called in accordance with bylaws of the State/State-Area Conference.
c. Each delegate must present to the National Convention a credential blank certifying election as delegate, signed by the President and Secretary of the Unit. Blank credential forms for certificates and duplicate certificates are furnished by the National Office. A duplicate of all such certificates must be returned to the National Office and the original thereof presented to the Annual Convention.
d. Each State/State-Area Conference delegate must present to the Convention a certificate of election as delegate signed by the President and Secretary of the State/State-Area Conference.
e. Delegates to the Annual State/State-Area Conference Conventions are elected by the Branches, Prison Branches, Young Adult Councils, Youth Councils, and College Chapters in accordance with the approved bylaws of the particular State/State-Area Conference.
f. State/State-Area Conference Conventions are elected by the Branches, Prison Branches, Young Adult Councils, Youth Councils, and College Chapters may elect Nominating Committees to facilitate the selection of Delegates to the Annual National Convention or the State/State-Area Conference Convention. If this approach is used, nominations by petition will also have to be allowed. Approved bylaws for the entities should govern such procedure.
g. Members of the Board of Directors shall have voting privileges in State/StateArea Conferences of which they are residents as well as in the Annual Convention.
5. (Participation by Delegates)
a. Each delegate must present to the Convention a certificate of election as delegate, signed by the President and Secretary of the Branch. Blank forms for certificates and duplicate certificates must be furnished by the National Office. A duplicate
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of all such certificates must be returned to the National Office and the original thereof presented to the Convention.
b. Each State/State-Area Conference delegate must present to the Convention a certificate of election as delegate, signed by the President and Secretary of the State/State-Area Conference.
6. (Convention Registration)
All Board of Directors members, voting delegates, alternates, and observers shall pay the convention registration fee as set by the Board of Directors.
7. (Chairman of Plenary and Legislative Sessions)
Presiding officers for the Plenary and Legislative Sessions shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors. The duties of the presiding officer of each Convention session shall be to declare the opening and closing of that session; preside over deliberations, rule on all points of order and, subject to these rules, have parliamentary control over the proceedings of the session. A parliamentarian, a timekeeper, a sergeant-at-arms and an assistant sergeant-at-arms shall be appointed by the Chairman for each session.
8. (Convention Agenda)
A Plenary Legislative Session for the consideration of resolutions, reports and elections is required. The Legislative Session shall convene not later than 10:00 a.m. on the second day with a report from the Chairman of the Resolutions Committee.
9. (Structure of Convention)
a. Regions
To secure equitable participation of delegates in the Convention Committee and to nominate regional candidates to the Board of Directors, the delegates shall constitute themselves into seven Regional groups as follows:
Region I – Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Korea and Japan.
Region II – Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Europe.
Region III – Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

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Region IV – Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming.
Region V – Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.
Region VI – Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Texas.
Region VII – District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia.
b. Committees
The Convention shall have the following standing committees: Resolutions, Time and Place, Credentials, and Rules.
(1) Resolutions Committee
A. The Committee on Resolutions: The Committee on Resolutions shall be composed of thirty-five (35) members; twenty-one (21) of whom shall be elected annually at the Convention from the seven (7) Regions established by the Board of Directors; seven (7) members shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, one of whom shall serve as Chairman; and seven (7) members appointed by the Chairman of the Resolutions Committee, three (3) of whom shall be youth. It shall take charge of all resolutions referred to it and report thereon to the Convention not sooner than 10:00 A.M. on the second day and not later than 10:00 A.M. on the third day of the Convention. It shall consider resolutions on the following basis:
(i) The Committee shall take charge of all resolutions referred to it. A report of its deliberation shall be made by the Chairman of the Committee during the Legislative Session(s) at the Annual Convention.
(ii) No new resolution not previously submitted to the Resolutions Committee by May 1st may be presented to the full Convention as an emergency resolution submitted to the Resolutions Committee unless it shall be an emergency matter submitted to the Chairman of the Board of Directors in writing and so declared by the Chairman of the Board of Directors following consultation with the Chairman of the Resolutions Committee and the President and CEO.

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Emergency matters are those which have occurred since the May 1st deadline for submission of resolutions.
(iii) The Convention shall consider only resolutions which propose material changes in Association policies or programs of action. This means resolutions which genuinely modify or amend existing policies or programs; propose matters not heretofore part of Association policies or programs; or eliminate existing Association policies or programs. Where no material change is made in existing resolutions, they continue to be in force.
(iv) The Resolutions Committee shall be responsible for determining, for each proposed resolution, whether it meets the criteria of newness or of material modification of existing resolutions. Its decisions shall be final, unless made the subject of a minority report. The determinations of the Resolutions Committee as to procedural acceptability under this and the preceding paragraph shall be in addition to their determinations on the substantive merits of proposed resolutions.
(v) No resolution which has been presented to the Resolutions Committee and has failed to receive even a minority report shall be considered by the full Convention. A minority report of the Resolutions Committee must be signed by at least 14 members of the Resolutions Committee who voted against the report when the final vote was taken in the Committee and who there announced that they were going to present a minority report to the Convention.
B. Vacancies. Vacancies on the Resolutions Committee shall be filled by the respective original appointing/electing authorities.
C. Meetings. The Committee shall meet in Baltimore for not more than three (3) days in May of each year, and prepare resolutions for consideration by the Annual National Convention and at such other time as the Chair of the Resolutions Committee may deem appropriate.
D. Distribution of Resolutions. The President and CEO shall be responsible for the mailing of the Resolutions Committee’s report by June 1st to all NAACP Branches, State/State-Area Conferences, High School and College Chapters, Youth Councils and Young
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Adult Councils, and any other subordinate Units of the Association. The Committee’s report shall be placed in the Convention kit distributed to each delegate at the Annual Convention.
(2) Time and Place Committee
A. The Committee on Time and Place shall be composed of seventeen (17) members; one (1) adult from each of the seven (7) Regions, five (5) members of the Board of Directors, three (3) members of the staff designated by the President and CEO, and two (2) youth members. The Committee shall evaluate all invitations from Branches desiring to host subsequent conventions and shall report its recommendations to the Convention at the designated Business Session.
B. A minority report of the Time and Place Committee must be signed by at least five (5) members of the Time and Place Committee who voted against the report.
C. The Committee’s meeting shall be held at the Annual Convention.
(3) Credentials Committee
A. The Committee on Credentials shall be composed of forty-two (42) members, four adult and two youth from each Region. The Committee on Credentials shall examine and report upon the credentials of all delegates to the Convention as the first order of business after reading of minutes of each Business Session. All disputes that arise regarding credentials shall be reported to the Committee and its rules for settlement of such disputes shall be announced. The Committee may hold hearings and consider such evidence as is pertinent to determine the validity of challenged credentials.
(4) Rules Committee
A. The Rules Committee shall consist of eighteen (18) members; seven (7) adult and seven (7) youth delegates (one adult and one youth from each Region), the General Counsel, the Chief Operating Officer, and two members of Field Operations appointed by the President and CEO.

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B. The Rules Committee shall, in accordance with the Constitution, Bylaws and Robert’s Rules of Order, interpret the rules and procedures of the Convention, consider referrals from the Convention, and perform such other duties not in conflict with the Constitution. The Committee shall meet as needed to deal with such matters as may expedite the business of the Convention.
10. (Annual Elections Supervisory Committee)
a. Composition.
There shall be an Annual Elections Supervisory Committee consisting of fifteen (15) members of the Association in good standing; seven (7) shall be Board of Directors members appointed by the Chair of the Board of Directors, one of whom shall be designated by the Chair to serve both as Chair of the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee and Chief Teller; seven (7) shall be from the Regions with the delegates from each Region electing one (1) member; and one (1) shall be a youth member appointed by the Chair of the National Youth Work Committee. Candidates for election or re-election to the Board of Directors shall not be eligible to serve as members of the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee.
b. Term of Office.
Members of the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee shall serve for a term of one year from the date of their appointment or election at the Annual Convention until the following Annual Convention Board of Directors meeting.
c. Duties.
The Annual Elections Supervisory Committee shall supervise Annual Convention, Regional, and at large nominations and elections to the Board of Directors and certify the results thereof to the Board of Directors.
11. (Nomination of Candidates for Board of Directors)
a. Regional Adult Nominations for Board of Directors
(1) Each of the seven (7) Regions during the Annual Convention shall nominate not more than three (3) adult candidates for the Board of Directors. Nominations shall be made at the Regional meeting designated for that purpose known as the Candidate Selection Meeting, to be held not later than the third business day of the Convention. The names and qualifications of all candidates shall be presented to the adult delegates. A candidate need not be a delegate or be present, provided the candidate’s written consent to his/her nomination is presented at the time of nomination.
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(2) A simple majority of the adult delegates present and voting shall be required to elect a nominee. The adult delegates present and voting may decide by two-thirds vote to limit the number of nominees to less than three (3). All voting shall be by secret ballot and a simple majority of adult delegates present and voting shall be required to elect a nominee. All nominees shall thereafter be reported to the Convention and certified to the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee by the Chairman of the Legislative Session.
b. Youth Regional Nominations to Board of Directors
(1) The Selection of Regional youth nominees to the Board of Directors shall take place during the Candidate Selection Meeting of each Region. The Youth delegates in each of the seven (7) Regions shall nominate not more than three (3) candidates for the Board of Directors. The names and qualifications of all candidates shall be presented to the youth delegates. A candidate need not be a delegate or be present, provided the candidate’s written consent to place his/her name in nomination is presented at the time of nominations.
(2) The youth delegates may decide by two-thirds majority vote of those present and voting to limit the number of youth nominees to less than three (3). All voting shall be by secret ballot and limited to the accredited youth delegates. A simple majority of the youth delegates present and voting shall be required to elect a nominee. All Regional youth nominees shall be reported to the Convention at the earliest Legislative Session following the Candidate Selection Meeting and certified to the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee by the Chairman of that Session.
c. Nomination of Members-at-Large by the Nominating Committee
(1) The Association shall have a Nominating Committee consisting of seven (7) members in good standing of the Association; of which three (3) adults and one (1) youth shall be elected annually by the delegates to the Annual Convention and three (3) shall be elected annually by the Board of Directors from its own members. Each of the four (4) members elected at the Convention shall come from a different Region. Members of the Nominating Committee during their term of service are ineligible for nomination to the Board of Directors.
(2) The National Nominating Committee shall nominate seven (7) MembersAt-Large to the Board of Directors at its Annual Nominating Committee Meeting which shall be held no later than September 1st annually. The
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Annual Nominating Committee shall submit its nominations to the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee no later than September 15th annually.
d. Independent Nominations
(1) A member in good standing may become a candidate for election to the Board of Directors by means of an Independent Nomination petition. The format and sample forms for Independent At-Large, Regional and Youth petitions shall be provided by the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee to each Regional Office by July 15th of each year.
(2) Independent Nominations may be made as follows:
A. Regional Nominations may be made by petition signed by not less than one hundred and fifty (150) members of the Association in good standing from active Branches in the particular Region from which the nominations are being made.
B. Youth Nominations may be made by petition signed by not less than twenty-five (25) members in good standing from chartered and active Youth and Young Adult Councils, High School and College Chapters in the respective Region.
C. Nominations-At-Large may be made by petition signed by not less than three hundred (300) members of the Association in good standing.
(3) Petitions for all Independent Nominations shall be forwarded by certified mail to the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee at the National Office postmarked no later than September 15th annually. After receipt of all Independent Nominating Petitions, but no later than October 15th, the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee shall begin the process of validating independent candidacies, which process shall be completed on or before October 25th annually.
12. (Election of Board of Directors Member by Convention)
a. A member in good standing may become a candidate for selection to the Board of Directors by the Annual Convention provided said member is present at the Convention and presents to the Chairman of the Elections Committee a signed nomination form signifying his/her willingness to run and, if elected, to serve. The nomination form must be endorsed by at least seven (7) members in good standing of the Association.

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b. The nominations shall be received and the election conducted by the Annual Elections Supervisory Committee in accordance with procedures set forth in the bylaws.
13. (Concerning Election by the Board of Directors)
a. The Board of Directors shall elect a member of the Board of Directors by a simple majority of the board members present and voting.
b. The Board of Directors shall not nominate or elect any person to the Board of Directors who has been an unsuccessful candidate for the election to the Board of Directors on either a Regional or an At-Large basis until the expiration of one (1) year from the date on which of the unsuccessful election was held.
ARTICLE X EXPULSION, SUSPENSION OR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS
1. (Removal of Elected Officers and Members of Board of Directors)
The Board of Directors, upon satisfactory evidence that an elected officer or a member of the Board of Directors is guilty of conduct not in accord with the principles, aims and purposes of the Association, as set out in this Constitution, and as further defined by the Board of Directors, or is guilty of conduct inimical to the best interests of the Association, may at its discretion, by affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3) of those present and voting, remove any elected officer or director for cause, after a full hearing pursuant to the rules and regulations adopted by the Board of Directors. The vacancy created by such action shall be filled for the balance of the term thereof as set forth in Article V, Section 7 of this Constitution.
2. (Removal of Officers of Units)
a. If a Unit and its appropriate officers shall fail to inform the National Office in writing of its activities for period of four (4) consecutive months or shall fail to maintain the minimum number of fifty (50) members in the case of Branches, and twenty-five (25) in the case of Youth Units, as defined in the Bylaws for Units for a period of four (4) consecutive months, the Board of Directors may declare any or all of the offices of the Unit vacant and order a new election. Notice of removal shall be sent to the President, Secretary and Treasurer of the Unit and the State Conference by registered mail at their last addresses on file in the National Office and shall be published in the official communication organ of


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the Association and published in a newspaper of general circulation in the jurisdiction of the Unit. Immediately upon the service of notice by the National Office, the officers of such Unit shall perform no further official acts and shall hold all records and monies of the Unit, subject to the disposition of the National Office. An officer of a Unit may be removed from office for failing to participate in activities directly related to the mission of the Association.
b. Any member of the executive committee, except officers, or of any standing or special committee of a Unit, who shall (i) be absent from three (3) consecutive meetings (including general and executive committee meetings) without notice to the Secretary or President of the Unit or (ii) fail to perform the required duties for three (3) consecutive months or (iii) be absent from any six (6) meetings or 50% of the regularly scheduled meetings for that Unit with or without notice during a twelve month period, shall be removed by the executive committee of the Unit and replaced in accordance with Article VIII, Section 1e of this Constitution. A member of any standing committee may be directly removed by the Chair of the Committee for dereliction of duty.
c. In the case of any officers who shall be (i) absent from three (3) consecutive meetings without notice or explanation to the Secretary or President of the Unit, or (ii) fail to perform the required duties for three (3) consecutive months or (iii) be absent from any six (6) meetings (including general and executive committee meetings) with or without notice in a twelve month period, the National Office is to be notified by the Secretary by way of a petition signed by the Secretary, the President and one (1) other member of the executive committee of the Unit. If the President or Secretary is in violation, then any three members of the executive committee shall sign the petition. The National Office shall recommend the removal of said officer by the Board of Directors at the next meeting of the Board of Directors following receipt of the petition.
d. Any Unit officer, executive committee member elected at-large or any standing committee chairperson who shall fail to complete mandatory training as prescribed by the Board of Directors shall be removed. The National Office shall recommend the removal of said individual to the Board of Directors.
3. (Removal of Members)
The Board of Directors, upon satisfactory evidence that a member of the Association is guilty of conduct not in accord with the principles, aims and purposes of the Association, as set forth in this Constitution, and as defined by the Board of Directors and the Convention, or is guilty of conduct inimical to the best interests of the Association, may order suspension, expulsion or other disciplinary action against such member, after a hearing in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
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4. (Automatic Revocation of Membership)
a. The procedures contained in this Article shall constitute the sole means for resolving any dispute, claim, or complaint of the Board of Directors or of any member against the Association or any Unit, or any member or officer thereof. By accepting his or her membership in the Association, each member agrees to waive any right to injunctive relief with respect to the procedures contained in this Article and also agrees to exhaust all of the internal remedies provided in this Constitution. A member who commences any external action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, against any of the foregoing, shall have his or her membership automatically revoked. Such automatic revocation shall be effective after notification by the General Counsel to the Board of Directors upon terms and conditions as determined by the Board of Directors.
5. (Filing of Complaint)
Members of the Association are encouraged to make every attempt to amicably resolve disputes without the Association’s formal intervention. Members should resort to the complaint process under this Article only with respect to matters of significant importance which could not be resolved otherwise. Careful consideration should be given as to whether application of the complaint process would require a disproportionate allocation of scarce Association resources.
a. A complaint against an officer or executive committee member of a State/StateArea Conference may be initiated by any fifty (50) members from at least five (5) Units of the affected State/State-Area Conference and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the President & CEO, Executive Office; 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, Maryland 21215. The Complaint must include the officer’s or executive committee member’s mailing address.
b. A complaint against an officer or member of a Prison Branch may be initiated by any twenty (20) members of the affected Branch and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the President & CEO, Executive Office, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215. The complaint must include the officer or member’s mailing address.
c. A complaint against an officer or member of a Branch may be initiated by any twenty (20) members of the affected Prison Branch and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the President & CEO, Executive Office, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215. The complaint must include the officer or member’s mailing address.

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d. A complaint against an officer or executive committee member of a State/StateArea Conference Youth and College Division may be initiated by any twenty-five (25) members from at least five (5) Units of the affected State/State-Area Conference and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the director of the Youth and College Division, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215.
e. A complaint against an officer or member of a Youth Council, Junior Youth Council, Young Adult Council, College Chapter or High School Chapter of the NAACP may be initiated by any five (5) members from at least five (5) affected Units of the affected Youth Unit and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the Director of Youth and College Division, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215.
f. A complaint against any at-large member of the Association may be initiated by any 50 members of the Association and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the National Office, by regular mail, through the President and CEO or his/her designee, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215. In the case of an unaffiliated member, the complaint must include the member’s mailing address.
g. A complaint against an officer or a member of the Board of Directors may be initiated by any 20 members of the Association and must be signed by such members and forwarded to the Board of Directors through the Chairman and President and CEO, by regular mail, through the Corporate Secretary, 4805 Mt. Hope Drive, Baltimore, MD 21215.
h. The President and CEO may file a complaint against any member of the Association or any officer of a Unit by submitting a signed complaint to the Board of Directors through its Membership and Units Committee.
i. Where a complaint has been filed and the President and CEO is satisfied that there is danger of harm to the Association or Unit involved and that action is necessary, he may order any officer of a Unit or member of an NAACP Unit suspended pending a full hearing.
6. (Notice of Complaint and Answer)
Except as otherwise directed by the Board of Directors, the hearing procedures with respect to complaints filed under this Article shall be as follows: within fifteen (15) calendar days of receipt of the complaint or as soon thereafter as practicable, the President and CEO or his/her designee shall forward a copy of the complaint by regular mail to the officer or member against whom it has been filed at his or her last address of record. The respondent officer or member shall have fifteen (15) calendar days to file a written response by mail to the President
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and CEO or his/her designee. The 15-day period shall commence from the time service of the complaint is complete. Service of the complaint upon the officer or member shall be deemed complete five (5) days after the complaint was mailed by the President and CEO or his/her designee.
7. (National Office Review and Investigation)
The National Office, upon receipt of the complaint, and the respondent’s written response, if any, shall conduct an investigation, determine whether respondent(s) desires a hearing, render determinations and, within sixty (60) calendar days of the receipt of the complaint or as soon thereafter as possible, make findings and recommendations regarding the complaint and report the same to the Board of Directors. Upon receipt of the report of the National Office, the Board of Directors shall within five (5) days decide what, if any, disciplinary actions are warranted. If the Board of Directors believes disciplinary action may be warranted and respondent has requested a hearing, it shall order a hearing panel in the matter. The panel shall be appointed by the Chairperson of the Membership and Units Committee. The hearing panel shall convene within sixty (60) calendar days, or as soon thereafter as possible, after the Board of Director’s decision to order a panel. The panel will conduct a hearing according to the hearing procedure. If respondent has not requested a hearing and the Board of Directors in its discretion decides no hearing is necessary, the Board of Directors shall proceed to reach a final decision after consideration of the staff’s and/or Committee on Branches recommendation(s). In either event, the Board of Directors shall render its final decision within one hundred and eighty (180) days of the receipt of the complaint by the President and CEO or his/her designee, or as soon thereafter as practicable.
8. (Hearing Procedure)
Where a hearing has been convened, the hearing panel shall review the written record of the National Office’s investigation and also allow oral argument by the parties or their representatives. The panel, in its discretion, may allow the submission of other testimony and/or evidence. Based upon its review of the record, and oral argument, if any, the panel shall render findings and recommendations to the Membership and Units Committee. The Membership and Units Committee shall affirm, reverse or modify the panel’s recommendation and report its recommended action to the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall adopt, reverse or modify the committee’s recommendation.
9. (Notice of Findings and Action of the Board of Directors)
Within 15 days of the Board of Director’s action on the recommendation of the Membership and Units Committee, notice of the findings and action of the Board of Directors shall be sent by the President & CEO or his/her designee, to the officer or member by mail at his/her last address on file in the National Office, and, shall be published in the official organ of the National Association and published in a newspaper of general circulation in the jurisdiction where the member is located.
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10. (Action by the Board of Directors)
Notwithstanding the foregoing procedures, the Board of Directors may, at its discretion, direct that a different notice and hearing procedure be put in place for resolving and hearing complaints.
ARTICLE XI SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION OF CHARTER
The Charter of Authority received by a Unit upon its admission to the Association may be suspended or revoked by the Board of Directors of the Association, whenever the Board of Directors shall deem it in the best interest of the Association; provided, however, that a full hearing on such changes, consistent with Article X, Sections 7 and 8, be held. Such charter suspension or revocation shall not invalidate the membership of any member of the Unit in the Association. Notice of the findings and action of the Board of Directors shall be sent by the President and CEO, by registered mail, to the President and Secretary of the Unit, and shall be published in the official organ of the National Association and in a newspaper of general circulation in the jurisdiction where the Unit is located. Upon receipt of the notice by the President or Secretary by mail, publication or otherwise of charter suspension or revocation, the Unit shall cease to function and the officers shall forthwith forward all records, property and monies of the Unit to the National Office where the same may be applied in its discretion for the benefit of the community wherein the Unit was located.
Notice of intent to revoke or suspend a charter shall be mailed to officers of the Unit on such terms and conditions as determined by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE XII INDEMNIFICATION
1. (Persons Covered)
The Association shall furnish all duly elected directors or appointed officers or staff of the Association or its subsidiaries and duly elected or Executive Committee members, trustees, officers and members of Units a legal defense and indemnification against judgments incurred as a result of specifically authorized actions on behalf of the NAACP and its programs.
2. (Limitation; Notice)
This Article shall have no force or effect unless the person(s) affected forwards legal process to the General Counsel or his/her designee within a reasonable time to allow a defense to be made.

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ARTICLE XIII ANNUAL MEETING
There shall be an Annual Meeting of the Association to receive annual reports from officers of the Association held at a place designated by the Board of Directors on the third Saturday in February or at such other time as designated by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE XIV NOTICE TO MEMBERSHIP
Whenever the provisions of the statutes of New York require notice to be given to the membership, such notice shall be given in accordance with the Not-For-Profit Corporation Law of New York. Whenever the provisions of this Constitution require notice, such notice shall be given by notifying the President of each Unit of the Association by mail.
ARTICLE XV SEVERABILITY OF PROVISIONS
If any provision or term of this Constitution is held by a court of competent jurisdiction or other authority to be invalid, void or unenforceable, the remainder of the provisions or terms of this Constitution shall remain in full force and effect and shall in no way be affected, impaired or invalidated.
ARTICLE XVI AMENDMENTS
1. (Board of Directors)
This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the members of the Board of Directors present at a regular meeting. Notice of the proposed changes must have been sent out thirty (30) calendar days prior to such regular meeting.
2. (General Membership)
This Constitution may be amended through an amendment proposal approved by a majority vote of the members of a Unit in good standing and subsequently approved by a majority vote of the Board of Directors.



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ARTICLE XVII RATIFICATIO

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

A further vote of the citizens of this city now on Aug. 10, 2017, indicates the vote total has reached: 'Yes' – 19.00 percent and the 'No' – 71.00 percent, and 'undecided' – 10 percent. This vote indicates that the 'No' votes certainly does not go along with the city's desires to continue with the funding of the burgeoning deficit which only serves certain individuals.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

A further vote of the citizens of this city now at 2230 hours sits at 'Yes' votes total 19.65 and 'No' votes stand at 70.4 percent. Now I don't think that every zone in this city will have an outstanding 'Yes' votes so that just leaves the overall councilmen who should be in accordance with the citizens of this city.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

This morning, Aug. 9, 2017, 0515 hours, the poll of this question of 'Would you support raising the Killeen's Tax Tate to fund the necessary programs, , services and infrastructure'. This morning indicates that a small negative input of change from 73.4 to 74.1, or a plus 0.5 percent increase. Of course I do not have any overall numbers to base this on, whether it be 500 or 5,000, but there it is. It is customary to present a figure that represents the total of inputs.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

Just another 'point of interest': The newspaper poll that is in today's newspaper, Aug. 8 2017, asks the question:

'Would you support raising the Killeen's Tax Rate to fund the necessary programs, services and infrastructure'. The answer is: '13.9 percent – yes and a resounding 73.4 percent – No.' That gives the city of Killeen an idea as to 'where the city council verses the citizens of this city stand on voting to increase or not the funding for these various programs. City council, you should vote in accordance with the wishes and desires that represent this city's wishes.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

This is all fine and good but, in my opinion, we have to get some council people who will stand up for themselves, IE: standing up for the citizens.
As I have already stated, Mr Johnson of the council was the first one to inquire about 'just what is going on in this city, followed by Mr. Harris. These moves were about what the city council is and can do and Mr Olsen introduced a measure that would take the majority of the council 'to shut fown any action of this council'.

As I've reported, I have already written to the Attorney General, the FBI, and the State trooper organization so it would take others to write these organizations as per he same conditions. I have stated that I hope others will write these organizations so maybe it will start the ball rolling.

I do not hold much hope that anything will be done as to the audit, but as I've stated, if this council will 'balk' at letting this attempt at another audit group continue at another audit while an audit is still going on, and 'balk' at the approval of this Chief of Police and the atrocious salary they want to give him, then maybe this city administrate group will get the idea that 'these actions are no longer going to be tolerated', at least I hope so.

If we don't get the ball rolling and start standing for ourselves then 'it will too late for us as a city'.

You know the old saying. 'You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink'. Very applicable in this situation.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

eyewatchingu

@Alvin Mrs Teel said if she was a DA, she would Have them do a ricco investigation. She said later tonight she is going to get detailed on how and where they were committed. She says this is out and out violation of the Ricco act. She says we need to get Morrison to talk and others, and the nly way to do that is to go after them with the ricco law, as it is not just gang related law, it covers all organized crime and carries the sifts penalties along with a chance for the city to recoup some of the lost if we have a DA that can step up and willing to work hard on case like this.. So I went and looked up why she would think this falls under the Ricco laws.
 RICO Act
 
§  1961. Definitions
As used in this chapter
 (1) racketeering activity means (A) any act or threat involving murder, kidnapping, gambling, arson, robbery, bribery, extortion, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in a controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act), which is chargeable under State law and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year; (B) any act which is indictable under any of the following provisions of title 18, United States Code: Section 201 (relating to bribery), section 224 (relating to sports bribery), sections 471, 472, and 473 (relating to counterfeiting), section 659 (relating to theft from interstate shipment) if the act indictable under section 659 is felonious, section 664 (relating to embezzlement from pension and welfare funds), sections 891894 (relating to extortionate credit transactions), section 1028 (relating to fraud and related activity in connection with identification documents), section 1029 (relating to fraud and related activity in connection with access devices), section 1084 (relating to the transmission of gambling information), section 1341 (relating to mail fraud), section 1343 (relating to wire fraud), section 1344 (relating to financial institution fraud), section 1425 (relating to the procurement of citizenship or nationalization unlawfully), section 1426 (relating to the reproduction of naturalization or citizenship papers), section 1427 (relating to the sale of naturalization or citizenship papers), sections 14611465 (relating to obscene matter), section 1503 (relating to obstruction of justice), section 1510 (relating to obstruction of criminal investigations), section 1511 (relating to the obstruction of State or local law enforcement), section 1512 (relating to tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant), section 1513 (relating to retaliating against a witness, victim, or an informant), section 1542 (relating to false statement in application and use of passport), section 1543 (relating to forgery or false use of passport), section 1544 (relating to misuse of passport), section 1546 (relating to fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents), sections 15811592 (relating to peonage, slavery, and trafficking in persons).,[1] section 1951 (relating to interference with commerce, robbery, or extortion), section 1952 (relating to racketeering), section 1953 (relating to interstate transportation of wagering paraphernalia), section 1954 (relating to unlawful welfare fund payments), section 1955 (relating to the prohibition of illegal gambling businesses), section 1956 (relating to the laundering of monetary instruments), section 1957 (relating to engaging in monetary transactions in property derived from specified unlawful activity), section 1958 (relating to use of interstate commerce facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire), section 1960 (relating to illegal money transmitters), sections 2251, 2251A, 2252, and 2260 (relating to sexual exploitation of children), sections 2312 and 2313 (relating to interstate transportation of stolen motor vehicles), sections 2314 and 2315 (relating to interstate transportation of stolen property), section 2318 (relating to trafficking in counterfeit labels for phonorecords, computer programs or computer program documentation or packaging and copies of motion pictures or other audiovisual works), section 2319 (relating to criminal infringement of a copyright), section 2319A (relating to unauthorized fixation of and trafficking in sound recordings and music videos of live musical performances), section 2320 (relating to trafficking in goods or services bearing counterfeit marks), section 2321 (relating to trafficking in certain motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts), sections 23412346 (relating to trafficking in contraband cigarettes), sections 242124 (relating to white slave traffic), sections 175178 (relating to biological weapons), sections 229229F (relating to chemical weapons), section 831 (relating to nuclear materials), (C) any act which is indictable under title 29, United States Code, section 186 (dealing with restrictions on payments and loans to labor organizations) or section 501 (c) (relating to embezzlement from union funds), (D) any offense involving fraud connected with a case under title 11 (except a case under section 157 of this title), fraud in the sale of securities, or the felonious manufacture, importation, receiving, concealment, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing in a controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act), punishable under any law of the United States, (E) any act which is indictable under the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, (F) any act which is indictable under the Immigration and Nationality Act, section 274 (relating to bringing in and harboring certain aliens), section 277 (relating to aiding or assisting certain aliens to enter the United States), or section 278 (relating to importation of alien for immoral purpose) if the act indictable under such section of such Act was committed for the purpose of financial gain, or (G) any act that is indictable under any provision listed in section 2332b (g)(5)(B);
 (2) State means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or possession of the United States, any political subdivision, or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof;
 (3) person includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property;
 (4) enterprise includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal entity;
(5) pattern of racketeering activity requires at least two acts of racketeering activity, one of which occurred after the effective date of this chapter and the last of which occurred within ten years (excluding any period of imprisonment) after the commission of a prior act of racketeering activity;
 (6) unlawful debt means a debt
 (A) incurred or contracted in gambling activity which was in violation of the law of the United States, a State or political subdivision thereof, or which is unenforceable under State or Federal law in whole or in part as to principal or interest because of the laws relating to usury, and
 (B) which was incurred in connection with the business of gambling in violation of the law of the United States, a State or political subdivision thereof, or the business of lending money or a thing of value at a rate usurious under State or Federal law, where the usurious rate is at least twice the enforceable rate;
(7) racketeering investigator means any attorney or investigator so designated by the Attorney General and charged with the duty of enforcing or carrying into effect this chapter;
 (8) racketeering investigation means any inquiry conducted by any racketeering investigator for the purpose of ascertaining whether any person has been involved in any violation of this chapter or of any final order, judgment, or decree of any court of the United States, duly entered in any case or proceeding arising under this chapter;
 (9) documentary material includes any book, paper, document, record, recording, or other material; and
 (10) Attorney General includes the Attorney General of the United States, the Deputy Attorney General of the United States, the Associate Attorney General of the United States, any Assistant Attorney General of the United States, or any employee of the Department of Justice or any employee of any department or agency of the United States so designated by the Attorney General to carry out the powers conferred on the Attorney General by this chapter. Any department or agency so designated may use in investigations authorized by this chapter either the investigative provisions of this chapter or the investigative power of such department or agency otherwise conferred by law.
 
§  1962. Prohibited activities

 (a) It shall be unlawful for any person who has received any income derived, directly or indirectly, from a pattern of racketeering activity or through collection of an unlawful debt in which such person has participated as a principal within the meaning of section 2, title 18, United States Code, to use or invest, directly or indirectly, any part of such income, or the proceeds of such income, in acquisition of any interest in, or the establishment or operation of, any enterprise which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, interstate or foreign commerce. A purchase of securities on the open market for purposes of investment, and without the intention of controlling or participating in the control of the issuer, or of assisting another to do so, shall not be unlawful under this subsection if the securities of the issuer held by the purchaser, the members of his immediate family, and his or their accomplices in any pattern or racketeering activity or the collection of an unlawful debt after such purchase do not amount in the aggregate to one percent of the outstanding securities of any one class, and do not confer, either in law or in fact, the power to elect one or more directors of the issuer.
 (b) It shall be unlawful for any person through a pattern of racketeering activity or through collection of an unlawful debt to acquire or maintain, directly or indirectly, any interest in or control of any enterprise which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, interstate or foreign commerce.
 (c) It shall be unlawful for any person employed by or associated with any enterprise engaged in, or the activities of which affect, interstate or foreign commerce, to conduct or participate, directly or indirectly, in the conduct of such enterprises affairs through a pattern of racketeering activity or collection of unlawful debt.
 (d) It shall be unlawful for any person to conspire to violate any of the provisions of subsection (a), (b), or (c) of this section.
 
§  1963. Criminal penalties
(a) Whoever violates any provision of section 1962 of this chapter shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years (or for life if the violation is based on a racketeering activity for which the maximum penalty includes life imprisonment), or both, and shall forfeit to the United States, irrespective of any provision of State law
 (1) any interest the person has acquired or maintained in violation of section 1962;
 (2) any
 (A) interest in;
 (B) security of;
 (C) claim against; or
 (D) property or contractual right of any kind affording a source of influence over;
any enterprise which the person has established, operated, controlled, conducted, or participated in the conduct of, in violation of section 1962; and
 (3) any property constituting, or derived from, any proceeds which the person obtained, directly or indirectly, from racketeering activity or unlawful debt collection in violation of section 1962.
The court, in imposing sentence on such person shall order, in addition to any other sentence imposed pursuant to this section, that the person forfeit to the United States all property described in this subsection. In lieu of a fine otherwise authorized by this section, a defendant who derives profits or other proceeds from an offense may be fined not more than twice the gross profits or other proceeds.
(b) Property subject to criminal forfeiture under this section includes
 (1) real property, including things growing on, affixed to, and found in land; and
 (2) tangible and intangible personal property, including rights, privileges, interests, claims, and securities.
(c) All right, title, and interest in property described in subsection (a) vests in the United States upon the commission of the act giving rise to forfeiture under this section. Any such property that is subsequently transferred to a person other than the defendant may be the subject of a special verdict of forfeiture and thereafter shall be ordered forfeited to the United States, unless the transferee establishes in a hearing pursuant to subsection (l) that he is a bona fide purchaser for value of such property who at the time of purchase was reasonably without cause to believe that the property was subject to forfeiture under this section.
(d)
 (1) Upon application of the United States, the court may enter a restraining order or injunction, require the execution of a satisfactory performance bond, or take any other action to preserve the availability of property described in subsection (a) for forfeiture under this section
 (A) upon the filing of an indictment or information charging a violation of section 1962 of this chapter and alleging that the property with respect to which the order is sought would, in the event of conviction, be subject to forfeiture under this section; or
 (B) prior to the filing of such an indictment or information, if, after notice to persons appearing to have an interest in the property and opportunity for a hearing, the court determines that
 (i) there is a substantial probability that the United States will prevail on the issue of forfeiture and that failure to enter the order will result in the property being destroyed, removed from the jurisdiction of the court, or otherwise made unavailable for forfeiture; and
 (ii) the need to preserve the availability of the property through the entry of the requested order outweighs the hardship on any party against whom the order is to be entered:
Provided, however, That an order entered pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be effective for not more than ninety days, unless extended by the court for good cause shown or unless an indictment or information described in subparagraph (A) has been filed.
 (2) A temporary restraining order under this subsection may be entered upon application of the United States without notice or opportunity for a hearing when an information or indictment has not yet been filed with respect to the property, if the United States demonstrates that there is probable cause to believe that the property with respect to which the order is sought would, in the event of conviction, be subject to forfeiture under this section and that provision of notice will jeopardize the availability of the property for forfeiture. Such a temporary order shall expire not more than fourteen days after the date on which it is entered, unless extended for good cause shown or unless the party against whom it is entered consents to an extension for a longer period. A hearing requested concerning an order entered under this paragraph shall be held at the earliest possible time, and prior to the expiration of the temporary order.
 (3) The court may receive and consider, at a hearing held pursuant to this subsection, evidence and information that would be inadmissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence.
 (e) Upon conviction of a person under this section, the court shall enter a judgment of forfeiture of the property to the United States and shall also authorize the Attorney General to seize all property ordered forfeited upon such terms and conditions as the court shall deem proper. Following the entry of an order declaring the property forfeited, the court may, upon application of the United States, enter such appropriate restraining orders or injunctions, require the execution of satisfactory performance bonds, appoint receivers, conservators, appraisers, accountants, or trustees, or take any other action to protect the interest of the United States in the property ordered forfeited. Any income accruing to, or derived from, an enterprise or an interest in an enterprise which has been ordered forfeited under this section may be used to offset ordinary and necessary expenses to the enterprise which are required by law, or which are necessary to protect the interests of the United States or third parties.
 (f) Following the seizure of property ordered forfeited under this section, the Attorney General shall direct the disposition of the property by sale or any other commercially feasible means, making due provision for the rights of any innocent persons. Any property right or interest not exercisable by, or transferable for value to, the United States shall expire and shall not revert to the defendant, nor shall the defendant or any person acting in concert with or on behalf of the defendant be eligible to purchase forfeited property at any sale held by the United States. Upon application of a person, other than the defendant or a person acting in concert with or on behalf of the defendant, the court may restrain or stay the sale or disposition of the property pending the conclusion of any appeal of the criminal case giving rise to the forfeiture, if the applicant demonstrates that proceeding with the sale or disposition of the property will result in irreparable injury, harm or loss to him. Notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 3302 (b), the proceeds of any sale or other disposition of property forfeited under this section and any moneys forfeited shall be used to pay all proper expenses for the forfeiture and the sale, including expenses of seizure, maintenance and custody of the property pending its disposition, advertising and court costs. The Attorney General shall deposit in the Treasury any amounts of such proceeds or moneys remaining after the payment of such expenses.
 (g) With respect to property ordered forfeited under this section, the Attorney General is authorized to
 (1) grant petitions for mitigation or remission of forfeiture, restore forfeited property to victims of a violation of this chapter, or take any other action to protect the rights of innocent persons which is in the interest of justice and which is not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter;
 (2) compromise claims arising under this section;
 (3) award compensation to persons providing information resulting in a forfeiture under this section;
 (4) direct the disposition by the United States of all property ordered forfeited under this section by public sale or any other commercially feasible means, making due provision for the rights of innocent persons; and
 (5) take appropriate measures necessary to safeguard and maintain property ordered forfeited under this section pending its disposition.
 (h) The Attorney General may promulgate regulations with respect to
 (1) making reasonable efforts to provide notice to persons who may have an interest in property ordered forfeited under this section;
 (2) granting petitions for remission or mitigation of forfeiture;
 (3) the restitution of property to victims of an offense petitioning for remission or mitigation of forfeiture under this chapter;
 (4) the disposition by the United States of forfeited property by public sale or other commercially feasible means;
 (5) the maintenance and safekeeping of any property forfeited under this section pending its disposition; and
 (6) the compromise of claims arising under this chapter.
Pending the promulgation of such regulations, all provisions of law relating to the disposition of property, or the proceeds from the sale thereof, or the remission or mitigation of forfeitures for violation of the customs laws, and the compromise of claims and the award of compensation to informers in respect of such forfeitures shall apply to forfeitures incurred, or alleged to have been incurred, under the provisions of this section, insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions hereof. Such duties as are imposed upon the Customs Service or any person with respect to the disposition of property under the customs law shall be performed under this chapter by the Attorney General.
 (i) Except as provided in subsection (l), no party claiming an interest in property subject to forfeiture under this section may
 (1) intervene in a trial or appeal of a criminal case involving the forfeiture of such property under this section; or
 (2) commence an action at law or equity against the United States concerning the validity of his alleged interest in the property subsequent to the filing of an indictment or information alleging that the property is subject to forfeiture under this section.
 (j) The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction to enter orders as provided in this section without regard to the location of any property which may be subject to forfeiture under this section or which has been ordered forfeited under this section.
 (k) In order to facilitate the identification or location of property declared forfeited and to facilitate the disposition of petitions for remission or mitigation of forfeiture, after the entry of an order declaring property forfeited to the United States the court may, upon application of the United States, order that the testimony of any witness relating to the property forfeited be taken by deposition and that any designated book, paper, document, record, recording, or other material not privileged be produced at the same time and place, in the same manner as provided for the taking of depositions under Rule 15 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
 (l)
 (1) Following the entry of an order of forfeiture under this section, the United States shall publish notice of the order and of its intent to dispose of the property in such manner as the Attorney General may direct. The Government may also, to the extent practicable, provide direct written notice to any person known to have alleged an interest in the property that is the subject of the order of forfeiture as a substitute for published notice as to those persons so notified.
 (2) Any person, other than the defendant, asserting a legal interest in property which has been ordered forfeited to the United States pursuant to this section may, within thirty days of the final publication of notice or his receipt of notice under paragraph (1), whichever is earlier, petition the court for a hearing to adjudicate the validity of his alleged interest in the property. The hearing shall be held before the court alone, without a jury.
 (3) The petition shall be signed by the petitioner under penalty of perjury and shall set forth the nature and extent of the petitioners right, title, or interest in the property, the time and circumstances of the petitioners acquisition of the right, title, or interest in the property, any additional facts supporting the petitioners claim, and the relief sought.
 (4) The hearing on the petition shall, to the extent practicable and consistent with the interests of justice, be held within thirty days of the filing of the petition. The court may consolidate the hearing on the petition with a hearing on any other petition filed by a person other than the defendant under this subsection.
 (5) At the hearing, the petitioner may testify and present evidence and witnesses on his own behalf, and cross-examine witnesses who appear at the hearing. The United States may present evidence and witnesses in rebuttal and in defense of its claim to the property and cross-examine witnesses who appear at the hearing. In addition to testimony and evidence presented at the hearing, the court shall consider the relevant portions of the record of the criminal case which resulted in the order of forfeiture.
 (6) If, after the hearing, the court determines that the petitioner has established by a preponderance of the evidence that
 (A) the petitioner has a legal right, title, or interest in the property, and such right, title, or interest renders the order of forfeiture invalid in whole or in part because the right, title, or interest was vested in the petitioner rather than the defendant or was superior to any right, title, or interest of the defendant at the time of the commission of the acts which gave rise to the forfeiture of the property under this section; or
 (B) the petitioner is a bona fide purchaser for value of the right, title, or interest in the property and was at the time of purchase reasonably without cause to believe that the property was subject to forfeiture under this section;
the court shall amend the order of forfeiture in accordance with its determination.
 (7) Following the courts disposition of all petitions filed under this subsection, or if no such petitions are filed following the expiration of the period provided in paragraph (2) for the filing of such petitions, the United States shall have clear title to property that is the subject of the order of forfeiture and may warrant good title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee.
 (m) If any of the property described in subsection (a), as a result of any act or omission of the defendant
 (1) cannot be located upon the exercise of due diligence;
 (2) has been transferred or sold to, or deposited with, a third party;
 (3) has been placed beyond the jurisdiction of the court;
 (4) has been substantially diminished in value; or
 (5) has been commingled with other property which cannot be divided without difficulty;
the court shall order the forfeiture of any other property of the defendant up to the value of any property described in paragraphs (1) through (5).
 
§  1964. Civil remedies
 (a) The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of section 1962 of this chapter by issuing appropriate orders, including, but not limited to: ordering any person to divest himself of any interest, direct or indirect, in any enterprise; imposing reasonable restrictions on the future activities or investments of any person, including, but not limited to, prohibiting any person from engaging in the same type of endeavor as the enterprise engaged in, the activities of which affect interstate or foreign commerce; or ordering dissolution or reorganization of any enterprise, making due provision for the rights of innocent persons.
(b) The Attorney General may institute proceedings under this section. Pending final determination thereof, the court may at any time enter such restraining orders or prohibitions, or take such other actions, including the acceptance of satisfactory performance bonds, as it shall deem proper.
(c) Any person injured in his business or property by reason of a violation of section 1962 of this chapter may sue therefor in any appropriate United States district court and shall recover threefold the damages he sustains and the cost of the suit, including a reasonable attorneys fee, except that no person may rely upon any conduct that would have been actionable as fraud in the purchase or sale of securities to establish a violation of section 1962. The exception contained in the preceding sentence does not apply to an action against any person that is criminally convicted in connection with the fraud, in which case the statute of limitations shall start to run on the date on which the conviction becomes final.
(d) A final judgment or decree rendered in favor of the United States in any criminal proceeding brought by the United States under this chapter shall estop the defendant from denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense in any subsequent civil proceeding brought by the United States.
 
§  1965. Venue and process
 (a) Any civil action or proceeding under this chapter against any person may be instituted in the district court of the United States for any district in which such person resides, is found, has an agent, or transacts his affairs.
(b) In any action under section 1964 of this chapter in any district court of the United States in which it is shown that the ends of justice require that other parties residing in any other district be brought before the court, the court may cause such parties to be summoned, and process for that purpose may be served in any judicial district of the United States by the marshal thereof.
(c) In any civil or criminal action or proceeding instituted by the United States under this chapter in the district court of the United States for any judicial district, subpenas issued by such court to compel the attendance of witnesses may be served in any other judicial district, except that in any civil action or proceeding no such subpena shall be issued for service upon any individual who resides in another district at a place more than one hundred miles from the place at which such court is held without approval given by a judge of such court upon a showing of good cause.
(d) All other process in any action or proceeding under this chapter may be served on any person in any judicial district in which such person resides, is found, has an agent, or transacts his affairs.
 
§  1966. Expedition of actions
In any civil action instituted under this chapter by the United States in any district court of the United States, the Attorney General may file with the clerk of such court a certificate stating that in his opinion the case is of general public importance. A copy of that certificate shall be furnished immediately by such clerk to the chief judge or in his absence to the presiding district judge of the district in which such action is pending. Upon receipt of such copy, such judge shall designate immediately a judge of that district to hear and determine action.
 
§  1967. Evidence
In any proceeding ancillary to or in any civil action instituted by the United States under this chapter the proceedings may be open or closed to the public at the discretion of the court after consideration of the rights of affected persons.
 
§  1968. Civil investigative demand
(a) Whenever the Attorney General has reason to believe that any person or enterprise may be in possession, custody, or control of any documentary materials relevant to a racketeering investigation, he may, prior to the institution of a civil or criminal proceeding thereon, issue in writing, and cause to be served upon such person, a civil investigative demand requiring such person to produce such material for examination.
(b) Each such demand shall
(1) state the nature of the conduct constituting the alleged racketeering violation which is under investigation and the provision of law applicable thereto;
(2) describe the class or classes of documentary material produced thereunder with such definiteness and certainty as to permit such material to be fairly identified;
 (3) state that the demand is returnable forthwith or prescribe a return date which will provide a reasonable period of time within which the material so demanded may be assembled and made available for inspection and copying or reproduction; and
 (4) identify the custodian to whom such material shall be made available.
(c) No such demand shall
 (1) contain any requirement which would be held to be unreasonable if contained in a subpena duces tecum issued by a court of the United States in aid of a grand jury investigation of such alleged racketeering violation; or
 (2) require the production of any documentary evidence which would be privileged from disclosure if demanded by a subpena duces tecum issued by a court of the United States in aid of a grand jury investigation of such alleged racketeering violation.
(d) Service of any such demand or any petition filed under this section may be made upon a person by
(1) delivering a duly executed copy thereof to any partner, executive officer, managing agent, or general agent thereof, or to any agent thereof authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process on behalf of such person, or upon any individual person;
(2) delivering a duly executed copy thereof to the principal office or place of business of the person to be served; or
(3) depositing such copy in the United States mail, by registered or certified mail duly addressed to such person at its principal office or place of business.
(e) A verified return by the individual serving any such demand or petition setting forth the manner of such service shall be prima facie proof of such service. In the case of service by registered or certified mail, such return shall be accompanied by the return post office receipt of delivery of such demand.
(f)
 (1) The Attorney General shall designate a racketeering investigator to serve as racketeer document custodian, and such additional racketeering investigators as he shall determine from time to time to be necessary to serve as deputies to such officer.
 (2) Any person upon whom any demand issued under this section has been duly served shall make such material available for inspection and copying or reproduction to the custodian designated therein at the principal place of business of such person, or at such other place as such custodian and such person thereafter may agree and prescribe in writing or as the court may direct, pursuant to this section on the return date specified in such demand, or on such later date as such custodian may prescribe in writing. Such person may upon written agreement between such person and the custodian substitute for copies of all or any part of such material originals thereof.
 (3) The custodian to whom any documentary material is so delivered shall take physical possession thereof, and shall be responsible for the use made thereof and for the return thereof pursuant to this chapter. The custodian may cause the preparation of such copies of such documentary material as may be required for official use under regulations which shall be promulgated by the Attorney General. While in the possession of the custodian, no material so produced shall be available for examination, without the consent of the person who produced such material, by any individual other than the Attorney General. Under such reasonable terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall prescribe, documentary material while in the possession of the custodian shall be available for examination by the person who produced such material or any duly authorized representatives of such person.
 (4) Whenever any attorney has been designated to appear on behalf of the United States before any court or grand jury in any case or proceeding involving any alleged violation of this chapter, the custodian may deliver to such attorney such documentary material in the possession of the custodian as such attorney determines to be required for use in the presentation of such case or proceeding on behalf of the United States. Upon the conclusion of any such case or proceeding, such attorney shall return to the custodian any documentary material so withdrawn which has not passed into the control of such court or grand jury through the introduction thereof into the record of such case or proceeding.
 (5) Upon the completion of
 (i) the racketeering investigation for which any documentary material was produced under this chapter, and
 (ii) any case or proceeding arising from such investigation, the custodian shall return to the person who produced such material all such material other than copies thereof made by the Attorney General pursuant to this subsection which has not passed into the control of any court or grand jury through the introduction thereof into the record of such case or proceeding.
 (6) When any documentary material has been produced by any person under this section for use in any racketeering investigation, and no such case or proceeding arising therefrom has been instituted within a reasonable time after completion of the examination and analysis of all evidence assembled in the course of such investigation, such person shall be entitled, upon written demand made upon the Attorney General, to the return of all documentary material other than copies thereof made pursuant to this subsection so produced by such person.
 (7) In the event of the death, disability, or separation from service of the custodian of any documentary material produced under any demand issued under this section or the official relief of such custodian from responsibility for the custody and control of such material, the Attorney General shall promptly
 (i) designate another racketeering investigator to serve as custodian thereof, and
 (ii) transmit notice in writing to the person who produced such material as to the identity and address of the successor so designated.
Any successor so designated shall have with regard to such materials all duties and responsibilities imposed by this section upon his predecessor in office with regard thereto, except that he shall not be held responsible for any default or dereliction which occurred before his designation as custodian.
(g) Whenever any person fails to comply with any civil investigative demand duly served upon him under this section or whenever satisfactory copying or reproduction of any such material cannot be done and such person refuses to surrender such material, the Attorney General may file, in the district court of the United States for any judicial district in which such person resides, is found, or transacts business, and serve upon such person a petition for an order of such court for the enforcement of this section, except that if such person transacts business in more than one such district such petition shall be filed in the district in which such person maintains his principal place of business, or in such other district in which such person transacts business as may be agreed upon by the parties to such petition.
(h) Within twenty days after the service of any such demand upon any person, or at any time before the return date specified in the demand, whichever period is shorter, such person may file, in the district court of the United States for the judicial district within which such person resides, is found, or transacts business, and serve upon such custodian a petition for an order of such court modifying or setting aside such demand. The time allowed for compliance with the demand in whole or in part as deemed proper and ordered by the court shall not run during the pendency of such petition in the court. Such petition shall specify each ground upon which the petitioner relies in seeking such relief, and may be based upon any failure of such demand to comply with the provisions of this section or upon any constitutional or other legal right or privilege of such person.
(i) At any time during which any custodian is in custody or control of any documentary material delivered by any person in compliance with any such demand, such person may file, in the district court of the United States for the judicial district within which the office of such custodian is situated, and serve upon such custodian a petition for an order of such court requiring the performance by such custodian of any duty imposed upon him by this section.
(j) Whenever any petition is filed in any district court of the United States under this section, such court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine the matter so presented, and to enter such order or orders as may be required to carry into effect the provisions of this section.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.

@eyewatchingu: I believe if you were to check, you would see that the council is operated by single service individuals and because of this the single councilman cannot be effective. For this reason you should go back in chronical order not only to Mr. Cosper, but to Mr. Corbin and Mr. Hancock. I can't go any further because I only started taking an interest in city politics with the advent of Mayor Hancock and the $750,000 dollar blunder. We still do not know 'what that money was for'. Then came Mayor Corbin. He was the one that ram rodded the city into moving on the Stillhouse lake and the 3,750 homes that was to be built outside of the city limits. Now if you ask him, he would just say that 'the council were the ones who voted for the escapade. Guess what, the majority of the council people, names can be provided if necessary, that were in essence 'on the payroll of the operator who was the owner of this company'. By the way, Mr Corbin moved from being the mayor to being one of the powerhouse persons of this company.

Now the newly elected councilman, Mr Harris, has come out and voiced an opinion that this 'operation', the method and way that this was presented, the whole thing that encompasses the methodology of how the water project was finalized. But now the current city manager, Mr. Olsen has introduced the way that the city council can move on the introduction of new concerns of a councilman/woman has to get voted on and passed before it can be introduced to to the floor or council chamber to even be discussed. If it is 'popular' to the majority of the council members, it fly's, if not then it goes down in flames. I certainly hope that the council majority vote for the introduction because I hope Mr. Harris can 'get his day in court' so to speak. I for one hope that this can be discussed in detail.

I'm with you on the value of a Chief of Police that's only been 'at the helm' for six months and the dollar value that has been placed on his position. There are 'others' of the same or simular opinion.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

eyewatchingu

This is just disgusting and unacceptable in shape or way. This cities hands have been tied far to long to benefit only one percent of this family, along with feeding the ever growing monster of organized group politics. The fact is, it has nothing to do with soldiers tax break, it is because of the over population OF TAX EXAPMT BUISNESS ( ORGS, CHURCHES AND SO ON) this is a result of greed, by people that have stuck their hands way to many times into the cookie jar and no one stood up and told them NO!
We are now going to hand over 150 k to a new police chief with less then 6 mos exp. , we are going to pay him what someone with over 20 years as a chief gets. This is out and out waste of money when if we paid him what he got at spring lake, we could hire another officer. So once again I say thi. This town has no understanding of money or value of others. We need to remove any and all orgs out of the cities business and allow this city to operate with then its means. We need to go in and cut over paid staff payroll so we do not lose jobs. We need to get the rental and property companies out of city business. Its time to take the city back for the people. Its time for the loudest and most public recall in Killeens history, personally the people of Killeen need to stand up. Its time to get national attention and recall copser and shine, make them fix the mess they left us in. Stand up and demand justice for the true citizens of Killeen, the ones that want to make Killeen work and earn.

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.
@Pete: I'm sure gald that somebody besides myself picked up on the 8 percent step increase. Now if some one else will pick up on all of the 'other pieces of the puzzle', like the council's continuing inability to manage money correctly and safely, that will be an added voice to the question of, 'what is to be done with the treasury of this city'.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Pete

I am a vet. I have two medical insurance options while my fellow citizens have none. I'm not a hero. I was broke and in love so I joined the army.

Because of medical/mental issues my kids didn't have the option of becoming a "hero". Some amount of equity is needed, instead those who have some will get more in this bible belt town. Disgusting.

Pete

8 percent step increase? When so many of the community can't get work?

The gulf between the haves and have nots grows further as a result of the "heroes" feeding at the greed trough.

This politically motivated support our heroes stuff needs to stop!

Alvin

This is the personal opinion of this writer.
@ Rockhauler: I don't think that it can be summarized as to 'why didn't anyone help her', it's, my opinion the fact that she apparently did not have the necessary skill set'.
But this whole program should be thoroughly investigated as councilman Harris is trying to do???? It is my personal opinion that what councilman Harris is asking for should be the prime directives of this city council. If not then you can just forget the on-going audit as a 'waste of time and the citizen's money as a folly.

This has been the personal opinion of this writer and nothing shall be used, in context or without or changed in any way without first notifying, and receiving explicit approval from this writer.
One of the 4.58 % who voted.

Rock hauler

Is anyone else that was involved in last years trainwreck of a budget going to be fired, or just Farris? I'd really like to know the skill set of the people that prepared last years and this years budgets. Why didn't anyone help Farris, surely the budget staff should have known better.

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