Arguably one of the most visually arresting scenes in cinematic history is in the 1971 film “A Clockwork Orange,” when the protagonist is strapped to a chair, injected with nausea-inducing drugs and forced to watch images of violence on a projector.

With time, the protagonist associates the images with the sensation of nausea, rendering him incapable of committing acts of violence — even in his own defense.

This technique — called aversion therapy in the psychology realm — falls under the spectrum of reparative therapy, and it is not merely a work of fiction.

Last month, the Texas Republican Party endorsed the use of reparative therapy in its 2014 party platform, adopted at the state GOP convention.

“We recognize the legitimacy and efficacy of counseling, which offers reparative therapy and treatment for those patients seeking healing and wholeness from their homosexual lifestyle,” the platform stated. “No laws or executive orders shall be imposed to limit or restrict access to this type of therapy.”

But some members of the Republican Party, such as Dan Corbin, former mayor of Killeen, do not feel their party’s stance speaks for them. Corbin, who attended the state GOP convention in Fort Worth as a delegate from Bell County, said a platform committee of 31 members decided on that particular plank — and it was not voted on by the more than 5,000 delegates in attendance.

“I know for certain there was not a single bit of discussion on this issue, and I’m not even sure it would have passed if it had been voted on by all the delegates,” Corbin said. “I wish that politicians would spend more time on trying to solve our nation’s problems than concerning themselves with issues like this.”

Bell County Republican Party Chairwoman Nancy Boston declined requests for comment.

Irene Andrews, a lesbian and co-chair of the Central Texas Stonewall Democrats, said the notion of changing one’s sexual orientation is ludicrous.

“If you talk to a lot of (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) people my age, they tried ... they didn’t know there was anything else they could be or do,” said Andrews, who lives in Nolanville with her wife, Joan Hinshaw. “The only message they ever had was, ‘Something is terribly wrong with you, and you should hate yourself for who you are.’”

It is that very message, Andrews said, that proponents of reparative therapy are perpetuating — and that message can prove detrimental to the younger LGBT generation, who are twice as likely to commit suicide as their heterosexual counterparts.

“To young people, it’s downright dangerous,” Andrews said. “In therapy, someone is trying to convince them that they’re wrong for feeling the way they do, and that they can be changed. When they aren’t changed, they feel like twice the failure. But no one told them they were OK the way they were in the first place, and those are the kids who commit suicide.”

Denounced therapy

Until 1994, some members of the psychiatric community considered reparative therapy a viable treatment for deviant behaviors, including homosexuality.

Since then, most reputable associations, including the American Medical Association, the American Psychological Association and the American Psychiatric Association, have openly denounced the use of reparative therapy, citing its dangers to patients’ mental welfare.

Michelle Dietert, associate professor of sociology at Texas A&M University-Central Texas, said reparative therapy was proven ineffective.

“In terms of mental health, they have shown that it doesn’t work,” she said. “It’s not healthy for the individual. But these things are socially constructed anyway. Our society has decided that the only correct way is to be heterosexual, so anything else that deviates from that is wrong.”

While professional views have changed since 1994, techniques have changed very little, Dietert said. Therapists still use positive and negative reinforcement to curb the behavior, and patients are often prohibited from interacting with members of the same gender.

“That’s another myth — that interacting with the femininity will make men gay,” she said.

Opinions on reparative therapy have changed in other parts of the country.

The Supreme Court recently upheld a 2012 ban on gay conversion therapy in California, and ex-gay Christian organization Exodus International, a once-prominent proponent of reparative therapy, publicly apologized for the harm it had caused members of the LGBT community after it disbanded in June 2013.

In Texas, Andrews and fellow Stonewall Democrats have spoken out against the GOP’s platform. At the Texas Democratic Convention last month, they marched through the Dallas Convention Center holding signs painted with the hashtag that materialized on social media in response to the GOP’s platform: #WeDon’tNeedFixing.

“If you’re going to repair something, the premise is that it’s broken in the first place,” Andrews said. “We are not broken. We don’t need fixing.”

Conta​ct Erinn Callahan at or 254-501-7464.

(15) comments


I must respond to the blatant, one-sided approach that the Killeen Daily Herald has chosen to take in its recent publishing of two articles regarding Reparative and/or Conversion Therapy, with regard to LGBT issues. They are:

- Texas GOP Endorses 'Reparative Therapy' for Gays (June 8, 2014)
- LGBT Groups to GOP: 'We Don't Need Fixing' (July 6, 2014)

The language used in this quote from one of the articles expresses the extreme bias that I refer to:

"One influential tea party group called Texas Eagle Forum had urged the party to support psychological treatments that seek to turn gay people straight."

First of all, none of these programs “seek” to do anything, nor are these kinds of programs being "forced" upon anyone. These political LGBT groups well know this, and yet these are the exact kinds of deceiving implications that they make to support such intrusive laws.

Quite to the contrary, it is, in fact, these political LGBT groups who are attempting to force their wills and self-serving ideologies upon our society-at-large.

Making laws that cause it to become illegal for a person to seek out such self-defining therapy options is nothing but a deceptive, political ploy meant to legitimize that which cannot be realistically or logically legitimized by any other means—other than through the censorship and silencing of those of us who have been successful in our personal desire to leave these sexually addictive and misguided LGBT lifestyles behind us.

As a man who was once caught up into the lure of homosexual addictions and sexual behaviors, I am living proof of someone who is now living my life quite happily as a heterosexual with a traditional family. Therefore I find this kind of political spin and deceptive bias to be extremely hypocritical and offensive on your part!

How is it "tolerant," for example (a politically, over-used buzz word and crutch, consistently used by the LGBT political machine itself), to demand laws that, in fact, aspire to refuse to “tolerate” those of us who use our God-given, human right of self-determination to seek out such avenues of therapy? Yet that is exactly what these LGBT Groups have done in California and New Jersey, through their activist-minded legislators who take the law into their own hands, and subvert the logic and will of a vast majority of their represented citizenry.

Show me where any “homosexual” person in this day and age is being forced into such therapy… You can’t! And any reputable therapist who supports such therapy (or any other reputable therapy) will freely tell you that any therapy is only as effective as the personal inward desires of the individual who subjects his or her self to it, from within their own desire to experience restoration from homosexual behaviors.

In addition, the LGBT article cites the American Psychological Association (APA) as a reputable group that supports these extremely imposing laws. Since you neglected to, need I also point out how the APA itself has become nothing more than a politically-motivated organization, with no more credibility as an entity in my eyes than these LGBT groups have in speaking toward these issues?

Yet the APA still has this often neglected, self- admission in their favor, when it comes to telling the truth about homosexuality. The APA still freely admits within its own, up-to-date literature, “There is no consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual, gay, or lesbian orientation. Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal, developmental, social, and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no findings have emerged that permit scientists to conclude that sexual orientation is determined by any particular factor or factors. Many think that nature and nurture both play complex roles; most people experience little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation.”
- APA Website Link: What causes a person to have a particular sexual orientation?

Standing in opposition to the ideology and will of the LGBT political agenda is the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC)—a well-fortified in numbers group of licensed counselors, psychiatrists, psychologists and therapists who support the freedom of people to have access to reparative therapy.

So, what is it that these LGBT political groups are actually so afraid of? I will tell you that they are afraid to face the fact of many people just like myself, who have been successful in leaving the homosexual life of sexual addictions behind us! They are afraid of the truth, because it blatantly confronts the deceiving lies that they have managed to subject society to, when it comes to gaining a complete understanding of the origins of homosexual behaviors. And they purposely avoid mentioning the very real possibility of genuine restoration within one’s sexual orientation, back to heterosexuality—especially when an individual freely desires that restoration from within their own heart and soul. But even that desire, according to these LGBT groups, is a reason to vehemently oppose the free will of such individuals.

My testimony and story is available in my book, “Beyond the Shades of Gray” (WestBow Press, publisher). The book is available to anyone who wants a clearer understanding of these issues, and is available through any reputable book retailer. My motivation is truth, not fortune, however, and so it is also available at no cost online, at

So, tell the whole story, Killeen Daily Herald! And stop deceiving the public with this homo-fascist, LGBT ideology that is being forced upon our society today.

Respectfully and Sincerely,

Dean Bailey
Author, Beyond the Shades of Gray


When I read the article about LGBT's "...not needing fixing" I had some disagreements with some of the analogies and comments given.
The first thing I would like to address is the Former Mayor of Killeen talking about politics at the Repub convention. Mr. Corbin criticizing politics is like a the devil criticizing someone who lies too much.
In regards to the reparative therapy portion - this is where my disagreement lies. When people commit a crime and go to jail or prison, when, a kleptomaniac can't stop stealing, when a juvenile commits a crime; when drug addict cannot seem to shake a drug habit and when a person is severely depressed and, or is suicidal, what happens to them? They receive reparative therapy.
The criminal goes to jail or prison in hopes that the experience will reform their criminal ways and thinking. The Kleptomaniac goes to reparative therapy in hopes that they will realize their problem, gain control of it and conquer it. The juvenile, being so young is sent to psychologists and psychiatrists along with juvenile detention at times for reparative therapy with the hopes that their criminal ways and thoughts will diminish as they get older and become a law-abiding member of society. The drug addict who cannot kick the habit, loses their job, loses their family and loses all that is valuable to them goes to drug rehab and even jail at times for what - reparative therapy. The depressed and, or suicidal person, when their condition is discovered, they are given immediate reparative therapy to bring them out of their condition and to save their lives. All of these, and many more conditions, are treated with reparative therapy. All psychs practice, by the nature of what they do, reparative therapy. All of the conditions I listed are attributed to genetics, societal, mental and self-esteem issues. Even as people are determined to born with a propensity for these conditions, society dares to tell them it is wrong and gives, no - demands they receive reparative therapy. When, though, it comes to people who are confused about their sexuality, reparative therapy is seen as a "crime" against humanity.
Someone please tell me, what is the difference between the type of reparative therapy psychs give to other people. Everyone pushes all of the above type people into therapy but, fortunately, this is not done with LGBTs. If a person is struggling with their sexuality and is confused, why do some people want to tell them to just accept the draw to the attraction to same sex and don't worry about confirming they are not just going through some peer pressure type or a natural phase? It is not a crime for a person to want counseling to help determine whether or not they are confused; nor, is wrong for a licensed and, or certified person to accept their request for help. Confused people need counseling to help them determine their life's direction and purpose in the most general sense and in cases relating to this topic as well. The tactic of victimizing people who are not yet victims and launching accusations of fear and hate (i.e.: homophobia) when in fact, heterophobia seems to be the greater fear. The fear of people walking away from the LGBT lifestyle scares same-sex supporters to death; hence, heterophobia.




it is bad enough that the majority of people are being force fed the lgbt agenda. less than 3% of the population consider themselves as homosexual. we all have our opinions on this. the problem i have is that the kdh has been using front page articles with this same subject. today, on a Sunday, you did it again. it is not newsworthy to me, and i am sure it is not to the majority. if the kdh wants to report on this, please keep it from the front page and by all means refrain from subjecting us with this on a Sunday.

i mentioned that we all have our opinions, well here is mine.
homosexuals claim that they are born that way and that they are normal.
if i don't i have a problem with this i am considered homophobic along with a long list of other "in my face" type of responses.
my response to the whole "born that way" is this, every perversion was "born that way",
ask (for example) a pedophile, ask a group of pedophiles, they will all claim they were born that way. you say wait, that is not the same...oh? to you it may not be the same, but ask the sexual deviants if they think that they were born that way and you'll not only get a resounding yes but you won't see the similarities because homosexuals have latched onto each other's support that theirs is normal. well it is not. show me in nature, prove that this is a normalcy in the way things are supposed to be. if it wasn't for the negative stigma there would be other sexual deviants that would lay claims to their rights in whichever perversion they have become comfortable in and demand that others should come along side and recognize their specialness.
it is an absolute shame that kids are being raised up in thinking that homosexuality is normal.
normal interactions of two girls being such good friends that they would hold hands, and share every part of themselves has been perverted into thought like "i like this girl so much" that i must be gay, and then start developing a differing role in their sexuality.

it is even worse for guys. heaven forbid that a man finds another man, someone to be intimate in just being friends.

i know my opinions will tick people off because of there own resolves. i hope in the same breath that it causes enough pause to those who's resolve are not the majorities to not continue raping us with this agenda.


I am tired of this subject (gay marriage) being blasted away on the media, like they are special. Everyone has rights and its listed in the Constitution. No one should proclaim more rights, in-your-face attitude with the goal of forcing me to change my
perspective... I rely on what the bible teaches. I understand that the secular portion of
this country wants me to change to think like them, which I will not...just go on with your
life and don't bother my world.



Consider that Straight people have never had to worry about being fired from their jobs, kicked out of their rental properties, turned away from businesses, or denied the right to marry the person their love because of THEIR sexual orientation. Is it really asking too much that Gay people shouldn't have to worry about these things, either? I don't think so. And when that day comes, you won't have to worry about it being "blasted away in the media" anymore.

By the way, if your personal religious beliefs tell you that it's wrong for Gay couples to marry, I would encourage you to conduct your own personal life accordingly. But it's not the job for the government to uphold "what the Bible teaches." Unless the Constitution only applies to Straight people, I don't think there's any justification for denying law-abiding, taxpaying Gay couples the same legal benefits and opportunities that Straight couples have always taken for granted.


Great. Glad to hear it.

Then you won't be needing any of those special rights, privileges, programs, monies, and protections you keep demanding then, will you?

irene andrews

Equal protection under the law in all 50 states. Nothing more and nothing less that you already enjoy. I won't be a second class citizen who pays first class taxes to be discriminated against because of your fear. I take nothing from you. But you would take from me the freedom to marry, the benefits afforded married couples, the right to adopt a child in both parents names, the ability to feel safe, the security of not being fired from my job or evicted from housing because of WHO I AM. Need I go on? This is a fraction of what is denied LBGTQ citizens. Not special rights- EQUAL RIGHTS!


Don't put words into my mouth- I have no fear.

What I do have is an IQ over room temperature and I can read so I know you already have equal rights; you are demanding special rights. It's Unconstitutional, and it's Un-American.




When ever I comment on here, I do my best to stay objective. With that in mind, I have to admit that you just strengthened some people's arguments in trying to categorize everyone who does not agree with same-sex marriages as a "fear" and "homophobic". I myself and not fearful of anyone who is LGBT and as far as I am concerned, it is live and let live without trying to "force" anyone to accept others thoughts. Someone mentioned religion. With religion, the government has determined that it cannot be promoted in the schools so as to potentially "indoctrinate" kids but does allow, promotes and protects the teaching of same-sex relationships. It is a great honor to have more clout and freedom than those who practice religions of various sorts. I submit to you this thought, that sometimes the fear seems to come from the LGBT and supporter side. A fear of heterosexuality...a fear of the Christian and any other faith that challenges the thought of this being normal. In other words, there seems to be an increasing amount of HETEROPHOBIA, CHRISTIPHOBIA and RELIGIPHOBIA. Please stop trying to use the "hate" and "fear' tactic to try to shame people into silence or submission, it is a very propaganda type tactic. Society is not at war against the LGBT's, at least not most of them, they just don't agree with the validity of it. People down religion ALL


ALL the time but they are still treated as second and an "abnormal" and "behind the time" class of people in general.


homosexuality is a disease.

irene andrews

heterosexuality is a disease.


heterosexuality is how you were conceived. are you the spawn of a disease?

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